Culture at the Crossroads
God the ever-greater one: Stop wrestling
Jacob Wrestling with the Angel; Léon Bonnat (1833-1922)
How small that is, with which we wrestle,
What wrestles with us, how immense;
Were we to let ourselves, the way things do,
Be conquered thus by the great storm-
We would become far-reaching and nameless.
What we triumph over is the small,
And the success itself makes us small.
The eternal and unexampled
Will not be bent by us.
This is the Angel, who appeared
To the wrestlers of the Old Testament:
When his opponent's sinews
In that contest stretch like metal,
He feels them under his fingers
Like strings making deep melodies.
Whomever this Angel overcame
(who so often declined the fight)
He walks erect and justified
And great from that hard hand
Which, as if sculpting, nestled round him.
Winning does not tempt him.
His growth is this: to be
Deeply defeated by the ever-greater One.
Excerpt from Ranier Maria Rilke, "The Man Watching," translated by Edward Snow in The Book of Images. New York: North Point Press, 1994. (NB: the more common translation by Robert Bly to be found on the internet is a poor translation.)
If you wrestle at all with the idea of God, stop. God is not an idea. God is not something to be grasped. Augustine said it well: if you understand it, it's not God. If it can fit within your reason, it's not God. If you've found good arguments to banish it from acceptability, it's not God.
We pray not because we think it's a good idea, but because prayer works. We don't understand why. We simply see that it makes love possible. Father Zosima, the wise old monk of Dostoevsky's Brothers Karamazov, got it.
Strive to love your neighbour actively and indefatigably. In as far as you advance in love you will grow surer of the reality of God and of the immortality of your soul. If you attain to perfect self-forgetfulness in the love of your neighbour, then you will believe without doubt, and no doubt can possibly enter your soul. This has been tried. This is certain.
(translated by Constance Garnett)
Love opens a window to the soul. It is a window to which reason has no access. Lay down reason. Love works, because God works in us.
Mark Vernon has written a very insightful piece in The Tablet about why religion is good for us. He makes mention of a book by Alain de Boton (see a short but very good TED video on Atheism 2.0 here) which argues that there is much that atheists can learn from religious practices in their ability to increase happiness. Vernon points out, however, that religions do not primarily aim at happiness:
What he misses, is that religions are good at building community and nurturing kindness because, paradoxically, they do not aim directly to do either. Rather, they aim to open adherents to that source of life, or spiritual sustenance, that is expansive of our humanity. They offer practices that, over time, transform the soul. It is variously called salvation, eternal life or enlightenment.
Tim Muldoon holds a Ph.D. in Catholic systematic theology and is an award-winning author and Catholic theologian of the new evangelization.