Written by: Moojan Momen
Baha'i Teachings Regarding the Coming of a World Savior in the World's Religions
|Baha'i Teachings Regarding the Coming of a World Savior in the World's Religions|
|Religion||Name of Savior||Will End||Will Usher in|
|Hinduism:||Kalki Avatar||Kali Yuga (The Age of Decay)||Krta (Golden) Age|
|Taoism:||Hou Sheng (Coming Sage)||Evil||T'ai P'ing (Great Peace)|
|Buddhism:||Maitreya Buddha||Period of the Disappearance of all signs of true religion||Revival of religion; reappearance of Arhats|
|Zoroastrianism:||Bahram Varjavand Saoshyant||Period of Ahriman's reign on earth||Frashkart (rehabilitation of the world)|
|Judaism:||Messiah||Persecution, humiliation, and dispersion of Israel||Reestablishment and recognition of Israel's place in the world|
|Christianity:||Return of Christ||Period of Satan's rule over the earth||Kingdom of God on earth|
|Islam:||Mahdi (For Shi`is: the Hidden Imam Mahdi) and return of Christ||Period of injustice||Establish justice and the rule of God's law|
The expectation of the coming of the Shi'i figure called the Imam Mahdi, who was believed to have gone into hiding 1,000 years before and whose advent was awaited, was particularly strong in the early 19th century in Iran, where in many different localities, individuals arose who called on the people to prepare themselves for the return of the Imam. In general, this expectation was strongest among the followers of a group called the Shaykhi movement.
Then at the end of 1843, the leader of the Shaykhis died and announced that he would not appoint a successor but that his followers should disperse and look for someone to follow. A few months later, one of the most prominent Shaykhis, Mulla Husayn Bushru'i (1814-1848), met with a young merchant whom he believed to be a fellow Shaykhi, Sayyid ‘Ali Muhammad Shirazi (1819-1850), in the southern Iranian city of Shiraz.