Written by: David Buschart
Clearly, it was divisions over the slavery of African Americans and the Civil War that led to the largest number of ethnically-identified Baptist churches and associations, namely African American churches.However, there have also been ethnically-identified Baptist churches among Germans, Swedes, Japanese, Latinos, Koreans, and other people-groups in North America.
In addition to the diversity described above, there are other variations, many of them with smaller constituencies, within the Baptist tradition.One sub-tradition includes an emphasis on Sabbath observance, Seventh Day Baptists.Primitive Baptist churches arose in the early 19th century.They draw upon the theology of the Particular Baptist sub-tradition, but hold to a more rigid and extreme form of Calvinism, especially with regard to predestination.In the mid-19th-century a movement known as Landmarkism arose, and continues in some measure today, with a radical view of the autonomy and independence of local congregations and of the local character of baptism and the Lord's Supper.
1. How did Calvin’s work influence some Baptist traditions?
2. Describe Arminian theology. How did it lead to the denomination of “Free-Will Baptists”?
3. How do Particular Baptists differ in their understanding of the atonement?
4. How did slavery influence the demographics of the Baptist Church?