Written by: Beth Davies-Stofka
Pentecostalism has also changed the face of Christianity. Amidst a period of intense renewal at the beginning of the 20th century, Pentecostal and charismatic congregations developed, focusing on the gifts of the Holy Spirit. Pentecostalism has embodied itself in numerous denominational entities, but its core teachings about the active work of God in healing, prophecy, and other spiritual gifts has also penetrated many other Christian denominations, from Roman Catholicism to a variety of Protestant groups.
As we move into the 21st century, Christianity still wrestles with the challenges of conflict and war, desperate poverty and political oppression, and new challenges from scientific discovery, humanism, and secularism. The United States has seen the rise of charismatic movements, mega churches, hybrid denominations, and new denominations. Immigrants from all over the world have introduced new religious ideas and practices, and Christians enjoy an unprecedented degree of interfaith encounter.
1. What is ecumenism? When did it begin, and what does it look like in contemporary society?
2. What is liberation theology? What is it based on?
3. Why could it be said that fundamentalism has a direct correlation with American morality?