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Glossary of Terms: J


Jahannam

Islamic hell, described ambiguously in the Quran and by Muhammad, as either a monster or a crater

Jalal

God's divine power and majesty

Jalal ad-Din ar-Rumi

Greatest Sufi mystic and poet in the Persian language; influenced Muslim mystical thought and literature

Jamshedi Noruz Fasli

Jamshedi Noruz (Fasli)

Jamshedi Noruz Qadimi

Jamshedi Noruz (Qadimi)

Jamshedi Noruz Shenshai

Jamshedi Noruz (Shenshai)

Janaza

Special burial prayers; The funeral procession with the coffin

Janmastami

Hindu celebration commemorating the birth (janma) of the god Krishna on the eighth (astami) day of the month Bhadrapada.

Janna

Lit. “Garden”; Name given most often in the Quran to heaven

Japa

In Hinduism, the repeated utterance of a mantra.

Jihad

Lit. "striving"; primarily, the inner struggle to overcome passions or desires that lead one from the way of God; secondarily, the larger struggle to overcome injustice and evil

Jijiu

"libationer," term for priests, referring originally to the village elder who performed libations at communal sacrifices

Jing

Jing

Jinn

Airy or fiery spirits in Muslim belief; origin of the word “genie”

Jiva

"Living substance" or "souls" (Sanskrit) referred to in Jaina philosophy; opposite of "ajiva" (non-living substance)

Jnan Panchami

Jnan Panchami

Junzi

Junzi


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