Glossary of Terms: J
Islamic hell, described ambiguously in the Quran and by Muhammad, as either a monster or a crater
God's divine power and majesty
Greatest Sufi mystic and poet in the Persian language; influenced Muslim mystical thought and literature
Jamshedi Noruz (Fasli)
Jamshedi Noruz (Qadimi)
Jamshedi Noruz (Shenshai)
Special burial prayers; The funeral procession with the coffin
Hindu celebration commemorating the birth (janma) of the god Krishna on the eighth (astami) day of the month Bhadrapada.
Lit. “Garden”; Name given most often in the Quran to heaven
In Hinduism, the repeated utterance of a mantra.
Lit. "striving"; primarily, the inner struggle to overcome passions or desires that lead one from the way of God; secondarily, the larger struggle to overcome injustice and evil
"libationer," term for priests, referring originally to the village elder who performed libations at communal sacrifices
Airy or fiery spirits in Muslim belief; origin of the word “genie”
"Living substance" or "souls" (Sanskrit) referred to in Jaina philosophy; opposite of "ajiva" (non-living substance)