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Glossary of Terms: T


Taanit Bechorot

Ta'anit Bechorot

Taanit Esther

Ta'anit Esther

Tafsir

"Explanation;" general term for commentaries on the Quran

Tai Chi

"Great Ultimate," Chinese philosophical term referring to the eternal source and cause of all events

Taijiquan

"Grand Ultimate Fist," ancient Chinese form of exercise, drawn from principles of T'ai Chi (such as harmonizing yin and yang); also called "Chinese boxing"

Taj Mahal

Seventeenth-century tomb constructed by Mughal Muslim ruler Shah Jahan as a burial place for his favorite wife; located in Agra, north-central India

Tajwid

"Embellished, excellent;" one who memorizes the Quran text and learns to "recite" it

Takbir

The Arabic formula “Allahu Akbar” (“God is most great”) which is part of every act of formal prayer for Muslims

Tanzil

The Quran's reference to itself as "sent down"; A major revelation having a celestial source

Taoshi

"specialists in the Way," contributed to the development of religious Taoism by establishing the basis of Chinese medicine, chemistry, and astrology; in earlier times called "fangshi"; also, "master of the Tao," Taoist teacher, priest, or priestess

Taqwa

Taqwa

Tariqa

Tariqa

Tariqa

Lit. "Path"; The Muslim spiritual path toward direct knowledge of God or Reality

Tawhid

“Making one;” in Islam, the oneness of God, in the sense that he is one and there is no God but he; see Shahadah

Tawil

Allegorical or symbolic interpretations of the Quran

Tazia

“Condolence;” among Shiite Muslims, the commemoration of the martyrdom of Husayn (grandson of Muhammad) in 680 CE

Tazkiyat alnafs

Tazkiyat al-nafs

Tekke

Tekke

Thanksgiving

Thanksgiving

Thanksgiving Canada

Thanksgiving (Canada)

Theocracy

"rule by God" (Greek), type of government over which one or more gods are considered to reign

Theophany

Theophany

Theravada New Years Day

Theravada New Year's Day

Thetan

in Scientology, a spiritual being that has neither intellect nor shape, but lives in others' bodies

Tian

Tian

Tilaka

A mark Hindus apply to their foreheads to indicate their religious sect; produced from ash, sandalwood, turmeric, clay, cow manure, and charcoal.

Timkat

Timkat

Tisha BAv

Tish'a B'Av

Transfiguration Sunday

Transfiguration Sunday

Trinity Sunday

Trinity Sunday

Tu BShvat

Tu B'Shvat

Twelfth Night Epiphany Eve

Twelfth Night/Epiphany Eve

Twelvers

See Ithna Ashariyah

Tzedakah

Jewish religious obligation to perform charity and philanthropic acts.


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