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Glossary of Terms: U


Ulama

The learned of Islam who possess the quality of ilm (learning) in its widest sense; scholars

Ullambana

Ullambana

Umar I

The second caliph (586-644 CE) under whom Arab armies conquered Mesopotamia and Syria

Umayyad

First great Muslim dynasty to rule the Empire of the Caliphate (661-750 CE), sometimes referred to as the Arab kingdom

Umma

Universal community of Muslims

Umrah

The “minor pilgrimage” undertaken by Muslims when they enter Mecca, as distinct from the “major pilgrimage” (hajj)

Uthman ibn Affan

The third caliph (d. 656) to rule after the death of Muhammad

Utopianism

Utopianism