Written by: J. Gordon Melton
In the modern world, efforts at self-understanding and the emergence of science brought a new challenge in the ideas of the likes of Charles Darwin, Wilhelm Wundt, Sigmund Freud, and I. P. Pavlov, whose evolutionary, materialistic, and animalistic views of humans led to contemporary psychology/psychiatry, which has banished from its discourse the idea that humans have a soul and that they are spiritual beings.In a society where materialistic philosophies dominate, humans are reduced to stimulus-response creatures and totalitarian states are free to arise.By the mid-20th century, with the emergence of the atomic age, humans had the potential for complete self-destruction.
This moment of history, when humanity gained the potential for annihilating itself, provided the environment in which L. Ron Hubbard appeared and offered a way out of the dilemma in which humans had placed themselves. Scientology offers a spiritual view of the individual in sharp contrast to modern psychotherapeutic self-understandings. Scientology sees itself as providing a bridge to a new world where humanity's spiritual nature is affirmed and nurtured and people are invited to live as free beings.
1. Describe Scientology's understanding of the beginning of time. Where do thetans fit in?
2. Why is timing important to Scientology's teachings?
3. How has truth emerged over the course of human existence?