The Gift of the Holy Ghost
According to Mormon belief, when a person has come to trust in Christ, and has turned from the world of sin through repentance and baptism, she should receive the Holy Ghost. That is done through a rite ("an ordinance" in Mormon terms) in which those who hold the priesthood lay their hands on the person's head and command her in the name of Jesus Christ and by the authority of the priesthood to receive the Holy Ghost. After that command, they usually also offer a blessing.
Every member of the LDS Church has been through this ordinance. It is part of the process of becoming a member. But my guess is that we seldom think much about what it means. We speak of being given "the gift of the Holy Ghost," but that gift isn't the Holy Spirit itself. Instead it is an authoritative commandment.
Someone will occasionally remark on that somewhat odd fact, namely that the gift is a commandment, though gifts and commandments don't usually inhabit the same space of meaning. But in spite of that occasional notice, we seldom reflect on what that command might mean to us.
Adam and Eve left the Garden of Eden, forced to leave God's presence and live in the world we find ourselves in, a world of sweat and work: "Adam began to till the earth . . . and to eat his bread by the sweat of his brow . . . And Eve, also, his wife, did labor with him" (Moses 5:1).
LDS scripture tells us that in this world of work and sweat Adam and Eve were keenly aware of the absence of God. They could still hear his voice, but they were shut out from his presence (Moses 5:4).
Only after many days were they brought back into that presence. Blessed by an angel, "the Holy Ghost fell upon Adam" (Moses 5:9) and Adam was baptized by water and by fire (Moses 6:65-66). In principle, Adam and Eve's fall from the presence of God was remedied when they received the Holy Spirit, one of the Godhead. In the same way, we return to the presence of the Godhead (and so the presence of the Father) if we receive the Holy Ghost.
The oldest meaning of the word receive is "welcome," a meaning that fits well here: to receive the Holy Ghost is to welcome him into one's life. Another old meaning of the word is "accept something as authority," which also fits well with the central element of this ordinance: those given the gift of the Holy Ghost are commanded to welcome him into their lives as an authority. He is the one whom they should obey because he is God.
But that welcome of God's authority can be fearsome. Philippians 2:6-7 tells us that Jesus emptied himself of himself, he made himself nothing. Jesus emptied himself of his own will and took on himself the will of the Father. That is a model for what it would mean to live by the Spirit, but Jesus tells us that the Spirit is like the wind which "bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth" (Jn. 3:8). It is fearsome to cast our will away for it to be replaced by that which we cannot predict or control. The commandment to welcome the Holy Ghost is a test of our faith, of our trust in God.
James Faulconer is a Richard L. Evans Professor of Religious Understanding at Brigham Young University, where he has taught philosophy since 1975.