What can a naturalist celebrate in October?
This post is part of Naturalistic Traditions, a column exploring naturalism in Pagan ways. This column will cover seasonal celebrations, historical and contemporary movements, and ritual practices.
For places in the northern hemisphere with four seasons, it is now well into autumn. The temperature is cooling and the leaves are changing color and falling. The harvest is being hauled in, and winter is not far off. There is a sense of graceful aging in the air.
As for lunar cycles, the 15th will see a new moon, with a full moon on the 29th.
Civic and scientific traditions
On Carl Sagan’s Cosmic Calendar (illustrated as a comic strip here), which maps the entire history of our cosmos onto a single year, this month is eventful. After the formation of Earth’s oldest rocks and first forms of life last month, October witnesses two more notable events.
On the 12th (3 billion years ago), life first harnesses solar energy. Thanks to photosynthesis, the Earth begins to green. Today, photosynthesis is employed by plants, algae, and many forms of bacteria.
It’s worth a moment’s contemplation that our modern industrial age would not be possible without photosynthesis: sunlight converted into matter by zooplankton and algae and then converted into petroleum under heat and pressure over great lengths of time sustains our fossil fuel-dependent lifestyle.
Then, on the 29th (2.4 billion years ago), life accomplishes the first major act of geoengineering. The oxygenation of the atmosphere resulting from gases released by cyanobacteria created the conditions that sustain us today. It may have come at great cost to other forms of life at the time, however:
The rising oxygen levels may have wiped out a huge portion of the Earth’s anaerobic inhabitants at the time. Cyanobacteria, by producing oxygen that was toxic to anaerobic organisms, were essentially responsible for what was likely the largest extinction event in Earth’s history. Additionally the free oxygen reacted with the atmospheric methane, a greenhouse gas, triggering the Huronian glaciation, possibly the longest snowball Earth episode ever. Free oxygen has been an important constituent of the atmosphere ever since. (Wikipedia)
World Food Day is celebrated every year around the world on 16 October in honor of the date of the founding of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in 1945. It is also the Food Engineer day.
The World Food Day theme for 2012 is “Agricultural cooperatives – key to feeding the world”. (Wikipedia)
About the author
B. T. Newberg has been practicing meditation and ritual from a naturalistic perspective since 2000. After experimenting with Agnosticism, Buddhism, Contemporary Paganism, and Spiritual Humanism, he currently combines the latter two into a dynamic path embracing both science and myth. He is the editor of a community blog for naturalistic spirituality called Humanistic Paganism, which just published an anthology called Year One with over a dozen contributing authors. After growing up in Minnesota, and living in England, Malaysia, and Japan, B. T. Newberg currently resides in South Korea with his wife and cat.