Fruits of the Deep Ecology Tree: Pantheism

Pantheism means “All (pan-) is God (theos)”. Pantheism is the belief that God/dess is not remote or separate from nature, but immanent within it. [Read more...]

Fruits of the Deep Ecology Tree: Re-Enchantment

The re-enchantment of the world refers to the return of a sense of mystery to the world or to a sense of our participation in that mystery through our non-intellective, imaginative faculties. Re-enchantment is a countercultural response to a reductionist and positivistic science which views nature (including human beings) as mechanism and a capitalism which reduces nature (including human beings) to commodity and resource. [Read more...]

Fruits of the Deep Ecology Tree: Interconnectedness

The principle of interconnectedness refers to the concept that all living beings exist in relation to all other living beings. Our very being is determined by our ecology, by the material and cultural environment which we share with all other living beings. We are immersed in a web of life which is our true community. [Read more...]

Branches of the Deep Ecology Tree: Nature Religion: Reuniting religion and nature

Nature religionists perceive nature as both sacred and interconnected. By “sacred”, we mean that nature has intrinsic value apart from its utility as a resource for human beings. By “interconnected”, we mean that our very being is determined by our ecology, by the material and cultural environment which we share with all other living beings. We are immersed in a web of life which is our true community. [Read more...]

Branches of the Deep Ecology Tree: Ecotheology: Reuniting God and nature

Lynn White argued that the belief that the earth was a resource for human consumption could be traced back to the triumph of medieval Christianity over pagan animism, and even further back to the Biblical injunction to man to “subdue” the earth and exercise “dominion” over every living thing. This narrative has had a profound influence on Neo-Pagans, who often describe their beliefs in contrast with the Abrahamic religions. But the injunction in Genesis to exercise “dominion” has been interpreted by many Judeo-Christian eco-theologians as a mandate to exercise environmental “stewardship”. There is untapped potential in Christianity and other monotheistic religions to inspire positive environmental change. [Read more...]

Branches of the Deep Ecology Tree: Ecofeminism: Reuniting the masculine and nature

Ecofeminism is a part of the broader feminist spirituality movement, which emerged with “second-wave feminism” in the late 1960s and early 1970s, as some consciousness-raising groups developed into feminist spirituality groups. What ecofeminism adds to this discussion is the idea that the oppression of women and the abuse of the environment are related phenomena, both arising from patriarchal power structures of hierarchy and domination. [Read more...]


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