TWO GODS, TWO BIBLES?

Battle of Joshua with Amalekites Nicolas Poussin

I have posted recently about the Dualist sects who were such a persistent force through the Middle Ages, and who drew a sharp contrast between the inferior God of the Old Testament, and the pure deity of the New. In this, they were following on neatly from the old Gnostics, who so alarmed and disgusted [Read More...]

DUALISTS AND PROTESTANTS

rembrandt-the-return-of-the-prodigal-son-the-hermitage-st-petersburg-prodig26

I have recently been posting about Dualist versions of Christianity, and their incredibly long-lasting influence across Europe and the Middle East. But whatever happened to Dualism? The answer is mysterious, but might conceivably tell us something about the origins of the European Reformation. That disappearance was near-total. In the Christian world at least, Manichaeanism was [Read More...]

THE SECRET SUPPER

dali-sacrament-of-the-last-supper-1955

This post concerns a book written some eight hundred years out of its proper time, and one with an evocative history. Any acquaintance with early Christian history means encountering the many alternative gospels that circulated so widely in the first few centuries. Commonly, these works involved secret discourses and conversations that Jesus shared with his [Read More...]

THE HERETICS’ BIBLE

I recently posted about the enduring influence of Dualist versions of Christianity, the idea that the material world is a diabolic creation, from which Christ came to free us. These views were widespread and enduring in the early and medieval church, and flourished somewhere in all eras prior to the fourteenth century – even later in [Read More...]

DUALIST CHRISTIANITY

cathars

I have been writing on the persistence of alternative forms of Christianity through the long Middle Ages. In my next couple of postings, I will be focusing on one remarkable and powerful movement that flourished in South-Eastern Europe, namely the Bogomils, and their truly ancient ideas. When we look at the alternative Christian worlds of [Read More...]

THE WAR ON HERESY

I am not foolish enough to review a book before reading it, so please treat this as a pre-review. I am just beginning to read what looks like a really important book on Christian history, and I want to define the points I hope to get out of it. The book in question is R. [Read More...]