Disambiguating Faith: Are True Gut Feelings And Epiphanies Beliefs Justified By Faith?

In reply to my latest installment of the “Disambiguating Faith” series in which I replied to Adam’s query about whether an episode of House M.D. provided an example in which a choice to think irrationally (to eliminate symptoms when diagnosing an illness) might prove the more rational course. I argued that if eliminating symptoms helped you isolate the best illness by separating which illnesses were germane to the maladies you were treating and which ones were not, then there was nothing irrational about that, even if it was not the normal course of investigation.

In reply, Adam has written to me (again on Facebook, where you can find and friend me too!) and has clarified his thoughts with some provocative suggestions.  I am going to reply to him over the course of two posts starting with this one:

I should clarify the example from House M.D, although you’ve extrapolated most accurately given my brief overlay of the situation :) The priest’s first symtom is a hallucination of Jesus, the symptom that Dr. House ignores to solve the case. By ignoring the hallucination, the remaining symptoms present a correct diagnosis (as you said). What I should clarify more thoroughly is that with or without the hallucination, there were still a vast amount of diagnoses that fit. This is why in medicine elminating a symptom is often considered irrational. It does not narrow down the amount of diagnoses but instead piles on more possibilities with each eliminated symptom. You are still correct though, that there is nothing irrational about creating more possibilities to discern the cause of certain maladies, and certainly no less rational to attribute the correct maladies to the correct diagnosis.

Given your argument, I must unavoidably try and explain the deeper seeded opposition I was taking from this episode. There is nothing faith based or irrational in Dr. House’s actions. In fact the show hints that the hallucination was a cause of the priest’s drinking that night, although it is obviously rare. Also the show and myself favor the rational option of coincidence to explain House’s epiphany and eliminating the symptom. Briefly, the epiphany was caused when House’s friend Dr. Wilson says “even if an absolute truth exists, we can’t know all of it”, then House justifies eliminating the symptom by saying “truth is truth”.

It is clear now that the cause of the hallucination can be attributed to unfounded or unexplained rational phenomenon (not sure what you call it in Philosophy). There may also be a rational explanation for why we choose to make certain rational decisions at certain times, such as eliminating a symptom, when at other times they would be irrational. In these cases we trust that our limited human rationale will guide us toward truth better than any other tool, faith for example.

It is a mistake to judge most ideas by where they come from rather than how they are justified.  In the history of human learning there are numerous stories of thinkers having epiphanies triggered by experiences that were irrelevant to the phenomenon at hand but which simply brought together an analogical relationship that they then successfully turned to apply to the world.  In fact there are even those who advocate for literally sleeping on problems because while sleeping the brain sometimes seems to process things for us in sub- or unconscious ways.

Because much of our thinking happens below the level of conscious thought, we are constantly perceive, and sometimes even rationally concluding, true things about the world without having consciously  thought through them at all.  Our perceptual knowledge is like this, our attempts to “read” other people, our rapid fire debates with other people in which we have no time to reflect, etc. are all cases where we think without thinking so to speak.  And sometimes we continue processing ideas while dreaming or daydreaming, etc.

So, there are ideas which feel like they just “come to us” and through the senses we have a steady stream of beliefs which we form automatically.  This is all quite fine (and exciting even) as long as we remind ourselves not to confuse the source of our ideas with something outside our own brain, its cognitive wiring, its experiences, or our senses.  If we misattribute the source of our epiphanies to “God” we leap from the rationally explicable and justifiable process of unconscious brain processing to the arbitrary guess that God feeds us thoughts directly.  Worse, when we attribute our epiphanies to God we shut down the possibility of checking our intuitions against abstract reasoning.  Our unconsciously worked out sense of things often guides us extremely well, but it can also be deeply prejudiced, badly conditioned, or work from fundamental ignorance.  It is important that our intuitions be subject to an explicit re-examination before we trust them.

So, yes, House is right when he reasons that “truth is truth” and it does not matter if it comes to us in hunches which appeal to us for sub- or unconscious reasons which we cannot not articulate, as long as we know how to properly examine those hunches to see if they are confirmable as true.

So, our epiphanies and our pre-, sub-, or unconsciously generated ideas are not examples of acceptable irrational beliefs but candidates for rational confirmation or, in a word, hypotheses.  And in the case of sense perception, they are simply rationally trustworthy beliefs which in most cases need no further explicit corroboration or justification in order to believe them.  Only in cases where our apparent sense perceptions conflict with each other or conflict significantly with other firm beliefs about the world must we start to doubt them, hold them only provisionally, and investigate them critically by confirming what they tell us by reference to other sense perceptions and by using other reliable belief forming means of assessing what we seem to perceive.

I’ll stop here for now and continue with Adam’s more in-depth passes at his idea in the next post.  Stay tuned.

Your Thoughts?

__________________

For more on faith, read any or all posts in my “Disambiguating Faith” series (listed below) which strike you as interesting or whose titles indicate they might answer your own questions, concerns, or objections having read the post above.  It is unnecessary to read all the posts below to understand any given one. They are written to each stand on their own but also contribute to a long sustained argument if read all together.

Faith in a Comprehensive Nutshell

 

How Faith Poisons Religion

 

What About The Good Things People Call “Faith”? (Or “Why I Take Such A Strong Semantic Stand Against The Word Faith”)

 

How Religious Beliefs Become Specifically *Faith* Beliefs

 

Faith There’s A God vs. Faith In God

Trustworthiness, Loyalty, And Honesty

Faith As Loyally Trusting Those Insufficiently Proven To Be Trustworthy

Faith As Tradition

Blind Faith: How Faith Traditions Turn Trust Without Warrant Into A Test Of Loyalty

Faith As Tradition’s Advocate And Enforcer, Which Actively Opposes Merely Provisional Forms Of Trust

The Threatening Abomination Of The Faithless

Rational Beliefs, Rational Actions, And When It Is Rational To Act On What You Don’t Think Is True

Faith As Guessing

Are True Gut Feelings And Epiphanies Beliefs Justified By Faith?

Faith Is Neither Brainstorming, Hypothesizing, Nor Simply Reasoning Counter-Intuitively

Faith In The Sub-, Pre-, Or Un-conscious

Can Rationality Overcome Faith?

Faith As A Form Of Rationalization Unique To Religion

Faith As Deliberate Commitment To Rationalization

Heart Over Reason

Faith As Corruption Of Children’s Intellectual Judgment

Faith As Subjectivity Which Claims Objectivity

Faith Is Preconditioned By Doubt, But Precludes Serious Doubting

Soul Searching With Clergy Guy

Faith As Admirable Infinite Commitment For Finite Reasons

Maximal Self-Realization In Self-Obliteration: The Existential Paradox of Heroic Self-Sacrifice

How A Lack Of Belief In God May Differ From Various Kinds Of Beliefs That Gods Do Not Exist

Why Faith Is Unethical (Or “In Defense Of The Ethical Obligation To Always Proportion Belief To Evidence”

Not All Beliefs Held Without Certainty Are Faith Beliefs

Defending My Definition Of Faith As “Belief Or Trust Beyond Rational Warrant”

Implicit Faith

Agnostics Or Apistics?

The Evidence-Impervious Agnostic Theists

Faith Which Exploits Infinitesimal Probabilities As Openings For Strong Affirmations

Why You Cannot Prove Inductive Reasoning Is Faith-Based Reasoning But Instead Only Assert That By Faith

How Just Opposing Faith, In Principle, Means You Actually Don’t Have Faith, In Practice

Naturalism, Materialism, Empiricism, And Wrong, Weak, And Unsupported Beliefs Are All Not Necessarily Faith Positions

About Daniel Fincke

Dr. Daniel Fincke  has his PhD in philosophy from Fordham University and spent 11 years teaching in college classrooms. He wrote his dissertation on Ethics and the philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche. On Camels With Hammers, the careful philosophy blog he writes for a popular audience, Dan argues for atheism and develops a humanistic ethical theory he calls “Empowerment Ethics”. Dan also teaches affordable, non-matriculated, video-conferencing philosophy classes on ethics, Nietzsche, historical philosophy, and philosophy for atheists that anyone around the world can sign up for. (You can learn more about Dan’s online classes here.) Dan is an APPA  (American Philosophical Practitioners Association) certified philosophical counselor who offers philosophical advice services to help people work through the philosophical aspects of their practical problems or to work out their views on philosophical issues. (You can read examples of Dan’s advice here.) Through his blogging, his online teaching, and his philosophical advice services each, Dan specializes in helping people who have recently left a religious tradition work out their constructive answers to questions of ethics, metaphysics, the meaning of life, etc. as part of their process of radical worldview change.

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