The Atheist Wheel of the Year

The Wheel of the Year involves eight solar holidays (the sabbats).  The sabbats include the solar quarter days (the solstices and the equinoxes) as well as the solar cross-quarter days intermediate between the quarters.  For theistic Wiccans, these days symbolize events in the life-cycles of the god and goddess.  These days are marked by sabbat [Read More...]

Criticizing Wicca: The Wheel of the Year

The Wheel of the Year is a division of the solar year into eight holidays (the solstices, the equinoxes, and four days in-between).   Insofar as the days on the Wheel of the Year mark natural points in the orbit of the earth around the sun, the Wheel marks a natural pattern.  It marks a natural [Read More...]

Two Arguments for Evolution by Rational Selection

Although there is some empirical justification for the Principles of Sufficient Reason and Plenitude, much of the discussion of the logic of creation and evolution by rational selection has been highly abstract.  It has been a priori; a matter of pure reason.  But it is reasonable to demand empirical justification for those metaphysical theories.  To [Read More...]

On Evolution by Rational Selection

Almost all atheists are surely aware of Darwinian evolution, which is evolution by natural selection, and which explains the history of life on earth.  Universal Darwinism is the thesis that evolutionary principles operate beyond earthly biology.  Of course, not all things have genes or compete for survival in ecosystems.  More general evolutionary theories need not [Read More...]

The Logic of Creation

At a very high level of abstraction, Sabin characterizes the god and goddess as symbols for two aspects of natural creative power (natura naturans, being-itself as the power to be).  She says that “The God represents, among other things, power unmanifest; the spark of life.  The Goddess gives this power form” (2011: 117).  We experience [Read More...]

Creation Stories

Many religions have creation stories.  The Judeo-Christian creation stories are found in the first chapters of Genesis, which is the first book of the Bible.  There is no need to repeat the Genesis stories here.  It can be agreed that there are some metaphorical or analogical correspondences between the Genesis stories and our best science.  [Read More...]

Revelation versus Manifestation

This is a guest post by Eric Steinhart, Professor of Philosophy at William Paterson University. The Abrahamic religions (Judaism, Christianity, and Islam) are religions of revelation.  As is well-known, these religions are derived from the experiences of religiously privileged individuals (prophets, messiahs, inspired writers) to whom it is alleged that God spoke.  These religions say [Read More...]

Criticizing Wicca: God and Goddess

This is a guest post by Eric Steinhart, Professor of Philosophy at William Paterson University. According to several Wiccan texts, the Wiccan ultimate deity manifests itself in two forms, the male god and the female goddess. The first way to think about the god and goddess is realistic.  This is theological realism: the god and [Read More...]

The Wiccan God and Goddess: Reality and Mythology

This is a guest post by Eric Steinhart, Professor of Philosophy at William Paterson University. The Farrars have an intriguing discussion of the ontological commitments of Wiccans to their god and goddess.  Their discussion has three parts: (1) the realist thesis; (2) the anti-realist antithesis; and (3) the pragmatic resolution. The more detailed version of [Read More...]