The God and the Goddess

This is a guest post by Eric Steinhart, Professor of Philosophy at William Paterson University. On the basis of their own texts, presented in an earlier post, it seems like Wicca affirms the existence of an ultimate deity.  On my analysis, the Wiccan ultimate deity is the ultimate immanent creative power of being.  It is [Read More...]

Criticizing Wicca: Rationality

This is a guest post by Eric Steinhart, Professor of Philosophy at William Paterson University. According to the Farrars, “Witches [that is, Wiccans] are neither fools, escapist nor superstitious.  They are living in the twentieth century, not the Middle Ages” (1981: 105).  The Farrars write that “Many witches are scientists and technicians . . . [Read More...]

Atheism and Wicca: The Road Ahead

I’ve been doing a long series of posts on atheism and Wicca.  I’m working out the idea that atheistic and neo-pagan communities have more in common than they might think, and that, as American religiousity continues to shift away from Christianity, those two communities will increasingly be blended into each other.  This will be messy [Read More...]

Pure Objective Reason

This is a guest post by Eric Steinhart, Professor of Philosophy at William Paterson University. As immanent, being-itself is just the ultimate nature of every natural thing.  So, how does this immanent being-itself manifest itself?  It manifests itself in all the categories of nature.   These are the categories of naturalistic ontology.  To use some language [Read More...]

The Impossible God of Paul Tillich

This is a guest post by Eric Steinhart. Paul Tillich was a Protestant theologian writing in the middle of the Twentieth Century.  His writing is highly abstract, so you’ll have to forgive me for using abstract language here.  He is perhaps best known for his idea that God is the ground of being; that is, [Read More...]

Atheism and the Sacred: Natural Creative Power

This is a guest post by Eric Steinhart, Professor of Philosophy at William Paterson University. The concept of natura naturans has a long history in philosophy, and especially in atheistic metaphysics.   Natura naturans is natural creative power, and from now on I’ll use that phrase.  Natural creative power is a universal; as such, it is [Read More...]

Criticizing Wicca: Levels

This is a guest post by Eric Steinhart, Professor of Philosophy at William Paterson University. Some statements are based on evidence, while others are not.  And there is evidence for the existence of some entity if and only if the existence of that entity is asserted in a statement that is based on evidence.  To [Read More...]

Some Naturalistic Ontology

This is a guest post by Eric Steinhart, Professor of Philosophy at William Paterson University. Over the next few posts, I’m going to do some heavy metaphysics.  So a bit of background is necessary.  An ontology is a taxonomy of categories (usually at a very high level of generality).   To avoid misunderstanding, the ontology I’m [Read More...]

Do Atheists Worship Truth?

This is a guest post by Eric Steinhart, Professor of Philosophy at William Paterson University. Although many atheists seem hostile to metaphysics, that hostility is misplaced.  Any deep philosophical position is bound to presuppose some metaphysics.  Pure reason is also highly abstract.  Should pure reason be constrained by empirical evidence?   How?   All efforts to specify [Read More...]


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