The Impossible God of Paul Tillich

This is a guest post by Eric Steinhart. Paul Tillich was a Protestant theologian writing in the middle of the Twentieth Century.  His writing is highly abstract, so you’ll have to forgive me for using abstract language here.  He is perhaps best known for his idea that God is the ground of being; that is, [Read More...]

Atheism and Possibility

This is a guest post by Eric Steinhart, Professor of Philosophy at William Paterson University. The concept of natural creative power (natura naturans) is found in both Wicca (where it is the ultimate deity) and in atheistic philosophers (who do not deify it).  Natural creative power is the ultimate immanent power of being; it is [Read More...]

Atheism and the Sacred: Natural Creative Power

This is a guest post by Eric Steinhart, Professor of Philosophy at William Paterson University. The concept of natura naturans has a long history in philosophy, and especially in atheistic metaphysics.   Natura naturans is natural creative power, and from now on I’ll use that phrase.  Natural creative power is a universal; as such, it is [Read More...]

Criticizing Wicca: Levels

This is a guest post by Eric Steinhart, Professor of Philosophy at William Paterson University. Some statements are based on evidence, while others are not.  And there is evidence for the existence of some entity if and only if the existence of that entity is asserted in a statement that is based on evidence.  To [Read More...]

Criticizing Wicca: Energy

This is a guest post by Eric Steinhart, Professor of Philosophy at William Paterson University. On the basis of my reading of a few Wiccan texts, I said that Wiccans believe that their ultimate deity is the ultimate immanent creative power of being.  This is an old Platonic idea.  The existence of such a power [Read More...]

Nine Theses on Wicca and Atheism

This is a guest post by Eric Steinhart, Professor of Philosophy at William Paterson University. I’m planning a pretty long series of posts here.  Mainly, I’m going to be arguing for several theses.  I won’t do posts that present them one by one; each post will typically deal with many theses.  Here they are: The [Read More...]

On Atheistic Religion

by Eric Steinhart We’re rational animals.  Which means that we’re rational.  And that we’re animals.  Many biological and neurological necessities are satisfied by religion.  Your neocortex has to live with your limbic system.  And as long as we humans have limbic systems in our brains, we’re going to be religious (more on that later). Atheists [Read More...]

The Wiccan Deity: Related Concepts in Philosophy

Eric Steinhart here. On my analysis of several key Wiccan texts, I’ve said that the Wiccan deity is the ultimate immanent creative power of being.  This is a non-theistic and non-Christian concept of the divine.  Please try to avoid projecting theistic or Christian concepts into Wicca.  The Wiccan deity is not a thing; on the [Read More...]

The Wiccan Deity: An Initial Philosophical Analysis

by Eric Steinhart In this post I will talk about the Wiccan ultimate deity (which I’ll just refer to as the Wiccan deity).  This deity is not the Wiccan god or the goddess, but is ontologically prior to them.  My purpose in this post is to talk about some of the features of this deity [Read More...]


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