Where Does Creativity Come From? David Lynch, Twin Peaks, & Transcendental Meditation

Have you ever wondered where creativity comes from? And why do some people seems to have so many original ideas? The best book I have read about how each of us is much more creative than we have sometimes been taught is The Artist’s Way by Julia Cameron.

Relatedly, one of my favorite quotes about why each of us should explore our creative side is from the modern dancer and choreographer Martha Graham (1894-1991) who said:

There is a vitality, a life force, a quickening that is translated through you into action, and because there is only one of you in all time, this expression is unique. If you block it, it will never exist through any other medium and be lost. The world will not have it. It is not your business to determine how good it is; nor how valuable it is; nor how it compares with other expressions. It is your business to keep it yours, clearly and directly, to keep the channel open.

In that spirit, I would like to invite us to spend some time reflecting on what insights there might be for us from reflecting on the work of David Lynch (1946 – ), one among many contemporary artists who have kept their creativity channel open for a lifetime.

I spent some time this summer revisiting David Lynch’s life and work, inspired by the surprising release of Twin Peaks: Season Three, twenty-five years after the end of season two. And even though HBO’s Game of Thrones was the “biggest” TV show of the summer, weighing in at 16 million viewers, I would agree with many critics that Showtime’s Twin Peaks: Season Three, with it’s much more modest two million viewers, was the “best” show of the summer and arguably David Lynch’s masterpiece.

BDukesThat being said, my goal is not to persuade you to watch Twin Peaks. David Lynch is not everyone’s jam. But even without watching a minute of his work, there are some potential insights from his life about each of us embracing our own unique creativity. The story of my experience with Lynch’s work begins on April 8, 1990. I was twelve years old, and along with 35 million other Americans, I tuned in to watch the two-hour pilot of Twin Peaks (Dukes 1). (As a point of comparison, 35 million viewers is more than twice as many people as watched Game of Thrones this summer.)  The surreal, dream-like, uncanny nature of the show was unlike anything I had seen. I wasn’t alone in my fascination. The show was a hit, and “Who killed Laura Palmer?” became a national conversation.

Media critics have long said that “Twin Peaks changed television.” Part of what they mean is that the co-creators David Lynch and Mark Frost brought a level of sophistication and a willingness to experiment with the unconventional that was sometimes seen on film, but rarely on popular television. Cinema-level quality is not unusual today in our era of “prestige tv,” but it was unusual in the early nineties. Similar to that Martha Graham quote from earlier, Lynch’s willingness to experiment with creating this quirky, strange, and unsettling show gave future generations permission to do the same. Part of how Twin Peaks changed TV is that the creators of such shows as The X-Files, Breaking Bad, The Sopranos, and Lost all cite Twin Peaks as a major influence.

And as excited as I was to return to Twin Peaks twenty-five years later, I haven’t been a diehard fan over the years. After watching the first two seasons of Twin Peaks in the early nineties—and finding the episodes both riveting and perplexing—I really didn’t think much about the show again until almost a decade later when I was in college and took my first Film Studies course. One of our assignments was Blue Velvet. I found that film from 1986 both gripping and disturbing.

In researching the film for a paper, my mind was way blown when I discovered that Blue Velvet was by the same director as Twin Peaks. I suddenly connected that Blue Velvet had made me feel those same uncanny, surreal, dream-like qualities that I had first felt in response to some of the most powerful scenes of Twin Peaks.

The late American critic Pauline Kael (1919-2001) famously wrote in the New Yorker that, as she was leaving the theater after seeing Blue Velvet, the person in front of her said, “Maybe I’m sick, but I want to see that again.” Riffing on that line, the writer David Foster Wallace (1962 – 2008) said,

If the word sick seems excessive to you, simply substitute the word creepy…. Lynch seems to be one of these people with unusual access to their own unconscious…. Lynch’s movies seem to be experiences of…parts of the director’s psyche, expressions presented with very little inhibition…. It’s the psychic intimacy of the work that makes it hard to sort out what you are feeling about one of David Lynch’s movies and what you are feeling about David Lynch. The ad hominem impression one tends to carry away from a Blue Velvet or Fire Walk with Me [the prequel to Twin Peaks] is that they’re really powerful movies but that David Lynch is the sort of person you really hope you don’t get stuck next to on a long flight.… (166-167)

LynchLimExcept here’s the thing. In contrast to his art, in person, Lynch presents much more like his background—an Eagle Scout from Missoula, Montana who wears his shirts buttoned all the way to the top. Referencing a classic, strait-laced, down-to-earth actor, David Lynch has been called “Jimmy Stewart from Mars” (Lim 10- 11).

Lynch was raised in a fairly idyllic 1950s white-picket-fences neighborhood, but from an early age he sensed that there was a deeper, disturbing truth lurking underneath the surface. And, of course, he was right. The early 1950s were the time right before the Civil Rights Movement when much of America was repressing the everyday realities of racial injustice—a trend that continues today in even more insidious ways. But for Lynch, the even deeper truth was also about nature itself. For instance, he remembers a memory of a cherry tree in his childhood backyard in Spokane, Washington that was lovely from a distance. However, if you got closer, there was “pitch oozing out, some of it black, some of it yellow, and there were millions of red ants racing all over the sticky pitch… There’s this beautiful world, and you just look a little bit closer, and it’s all red ants” (Lim 23).

Similar scenes from Lynch’s work remind me of a lesson I learned many years ago in my spiritual direction training. Our assignment was to go into nature and bring back pictures of images that resonated with us. After watching a slide show of all the photographs we had taken, the instructor asked, “What’s missing?” Eventually we realized that what she meant was that all of our images were beautiful. She challenged us to wrestle with the truth that authentic spirituality is about opening our hearts and minds to the full messy reality that is our life—not only the beautiful, but also the awkward, the repulsive, even the grotesque (Lynch 121).

Relatedly, one historical weakness of theologically liberal religious traditions such as Unitarian Universalism has been a naïve optimism. In rejecting the extreme pessimism of many orthodox religious traditions (that we human beings are born tainted with “Original Sin,” that human nature is characterized by “total depravity,” and that this world is inherently corrupt), many progressives overestimated the perfectibility of human nature, the possibility of building utopian societies, and the inevitability of progress “onward and upward forever.” So, whereas many orthodox religious traditions have overestimated “evil” as literally real, liberal religious traditions have underestimated “evil” as something that can be overcome through human reason.

In contrast, a willingness to explore the shadow side of human nature is another aspect that I appreciate about Lynch, even if it is also disturbing. David Foster Wallace writes that Lynch is “not interested in moral judgments of characters. Rather he’s interested in the psychic spaces in which people are capable of evil…. Lynch’s movies are not about monsters (people whose intrinsic natures are evil), but about hauntings, about evil as environment, possibility, force” (Wallace 203-204).

What’s clear to me now, in a way that was over my head at age twelve when I first encountered Lynch’s work, is that he’s deeply influenced by Expressionism. As opposed to realists (who seek to objectively replicate the world in their art, similar to what a simple point-and-click photograph would do), expressionists present their art from “a subjective perspective, distorting it for emotional effect in order to evoke moods or ideas…to express the meaning of emotional experience rather than physical reality.”

Let me say more about that from a different angle. When I was younger, I remember initially dismissing modern art with that classic, uninformed CatchingLynchcriticism—that it looks like a kindergartener could have painted it. But as I learned more about art history, I finally got it. The analogy that helped me most was to music. Visual art, like music, doesn’t have to be “about” something out in the world. (Lynch 20). It can just be what it is on the surface (experimenting with color and line)—just as music can be about nothing more than experimenting with sound. Or, like music, visual art can be an abstract expression of a subjective, inner emotional state—evoking a particular mood.

Lynch’s films—including Season Three of Twin Peaks—are deeply expressionistic: they are less secret codes to be solved and more mysteries to be explored. They are intentionally subjective—and more to be “experienced than explained” (Wallace 170). And they operate on an emotional, unconscious archetypal level. For instance, watching his work almost always triggers me to remember my dreams the next morning more sharply and vividly than I might otherwise.

So what parts of these musings might we apply for ourselves? Regarding his creative process, Lynch has written that,

Ideas are like fish. If you want to catch little fish, you can stay in the shallow water. But if you want to catch the big fish, you’ve got to go deeper. Down deep, the fish are most powerful and more pure. They’re huge and abstract. And they’ve very beautiful. I look for a certain kind of fish that is important to me, one that can translate to cinema. But there are all kinds of fish swimming down there. There are fish for business, fish for sports. There are fish for everyone. (Lynch 1)

I have a sense of what he means. There are many times when I am working on a sermon—or trying to come up with a new program idea or a creative solution to a problem or conflict—and I’ll feel stuck. But if I carve out some open time and space—take the dogs for a walk, take a drive, or exercise—often I’ll unexpectedly “catch a fish” of an idea.

But note the caveat that, “Down deep, the fish are most powerful and more pure.” That’s an invitation to slow down even more and create the space to give myself a chance to catch bigger fish, which is easier said than done. Along those lines, one of the mottos of my spiritual direction program is that, “As contemplatives, we start slowly, so that later we can slow down.” (Full disclosure: I’m still a work in progress.)

Part of how Lynch has cultivated space to “fish for ideas” is through a decades long practice of Transcendental Meditation (Dukes 76). Lynch says that he has practiced Transcendental Meditation for the recommended twenty minute twice a day since 1973, which is more than four decades (Lynch 2).

Since Lynch continues to be a major advocate for Transcendental Meditation or (TM), I’ll say a little more about it. TM came to America through the late Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (1918 – 2008), who attracted many celebrities as students, including the Beatles, the Rolling Stones, Jefferson Airplane, the Beach Boys, the Grateful Dead, and the Doors (Weber 1). The movement’s peak was in the 1970s (Weber 17).

In 1977, the movement “jumped the shark” by overpromising the results of a new TM-Siddhi program related to the historic claims in some Buddhist traditions that deep meditation can cultivate “psychic powers.” I’m not totally discounting the Buddhist siddhi tradition, but I am saying that TM vastly oversimplified and overpromised in brochures that said faithful adherents could cultivate “Yogic Flying,” the ability to “hover above the ground…. Devotees would have the ability to know the past and future, knowledge of other minds, the ability to become invisible, and passage through the sky…but the grandiose claims were never demonstrated” (Weber 23). And many adherents became deeply disillusioned.

Nevertheless, it remains true that many people have benefited from spending twenty-minutes twice a day practicing Transcendental Meditation. From a twenty-first century perspective, I would add that there are also many other beneficial meditation techniques. And scientific studies are increasingly showing that different meditation practices produce different results.

Transcendental Meditation, for example, is a mantra-based practice. But there are many other types of meditation practices including concentration, mindfulness, inquiry, heartfulness, embodiment, and more. And similar to the benefits of cross-training for physical fitness, there is wisdom in cross-training in spiritual practice as well.

Science is also showing us that we get stronger and better at what we practice. We get better at concentration by concentrating, better at compassion by being compassionate, better at being non-judgmental by being less judgmental. Likewise, we get more creative by practicing creativity.

In the days to come, where might you carve out some margin in your life? Where might you find some time and space to do a little fishing in your unconscious? Perhaps in the shallow waters at first, but then maybe taking some more time to experiment with casting your line “down deep,” where in Lynch’s words “the fish are most powerful and more pure.” What ideas might be waiting for us to make the time and space for them to emerge?

For Further Study

 

The Rev. Dr. Carl Gregg is a certified spiritual director, a D.Min. graduate of San Francisco Theological Seminary, and the minister of the Unitarian Universalist Congregation of Frederick, Maryland. Follow him on Facebook (facebook.com/carlgregg) and Twitter (@carlgregg).

Learn more about Unitarian Universalism: http://www.uua.org/beliefs/principles

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