Books of the Bible: Complete List

The Bible contains everything we need know about how to be saved but here are some things that you might not know about the Word of God.  Here is a survey of the Old and New Testament books in the Bible.

An Introduction to the Bible

The Bible is the greatest love letter ever written that is hardly ever read.   Even though it’s the bestselling book of all time, many people just take it for granted and it sits on the shelf gathering dust.  From Genesis to Revelation, God depicts the story of the redemption of mankind, his plan and purpose for redeeming mankind, restoring the separation that our sin had created, and how we might inherit eternal life through repentance and faith in Christ. 

Introduction to the Old Testament

The Old Testament’s most revealing story of the redemptive plan of mankind is hinted at even in the beginning, in the Book of Genesis, because right after the fall of mankind, we are given hope for a coming Redeemer (Gen 3:15).  It takes us from the fall of mankind and the entrance of sin into the world to the only solution for sins (for those who have faith, like Abraham did).  It reveals how God called Abraham out of his nation to create a new nation that God would call His own people.  When Moses called Israel out of Egypt, it symbolized the Christian coming out of sin and how we can establish a personal relationship with God.  Moses (Duet 18:15-19) and the prophets (Isaiah 53) foretold of a day when the Messiah would come to die for the sins of the people, paying in His own blood the cost of restoring a fallen mankind and enabling them to have their sins forgiven and the relationship that God originally had with Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden restored. 

The examples of the Patriarchs, the kings, and the nation of Israel were recorded for our sake.  In the pages of the Old Testament God reveals that He also extends grace to those nations outside of Israel for it is God’s deep desire to save as many that would trust in Him as possible. The Old Testament is divided into different sections and interestingly, the 39 books of the Old Testament are divided into their respective order as they are from start to finish, in different sections.   In other words, the Law was given first, from Genesis to Deuteronomy, and the remainder of the books are in sequential order in the place where the different categories rest:  the Law, history, wisdom/poetry, Major Prophets and the Minor Prophets.  The Minor Prophets are called “minor” only due to their size and not due to their being any less significant than the Major Prophets.  The order in which they come are not necessarily the order in which they were written.  For example, the Book of Job is believed to be the oldest and perhaps the first book of the Old Testament ever written.

The Law

Genesis

Exodus

Leviticus

Numbers

Deuteronomy


 

The History

Joshua

Judges

Ruth

1 Samuel

2 Samuel

1 Kings

2 Kings

1 Chronicles

2 Chronicles

Ezra

Nehemiah

Esther


 

Wisdom/Poetry

Job

Psalms

Proverbs

Ecclesiastes

Song of Solomon


 

Major Prophets

Isaiah

Jeremiah

Lamentations

Ezekiel

Daniel

Minor Prophets

Hosea

Joel

Amos

Obadiah

Jonah

Micah

Nahum

Habakkuk

Zephaniah

Haggai

Zechariah

Malachi

An Introduction to the New Testament

The Old Testament Book of Malachi is the back of the door to the Old Testament and the Old Covenant but the door that opens into the New Testament is the hinge on which the New Covenant begins and interestingly, it begins with Matthew who writes specifically to the Jews.  Matthew opens the New Testament and his gospel with the history or the genealogy of Jesus going back through David, Jesse, Boaz, Jacob, Isaac, and finally to Abraham and reveals that the Messiah is to come out of the Tribe of Judah.  If that were not enough for the Jews, Matthew also gives the reader the most significant number of Old Testament prophesies that were fulfilled in Jesus Christ’s coming.  He includes such fulfilled prophecies as written by Zechariah, Psalms (some of the Psalms were prophetic), Jeremiah, Isaiah, Micah, Hosea, and Malachi.  In Jesus Christ’s fulfillment of these prophecies the Redeemer is revealed.  Actually the Savior was introduced in the Old Testament first, in what is called the protoevangelium, which is the first annunciation of the gospel, where Satan was to bruise Christ’s heal but Christ will crush Satan’s head (mentioned in Gen 3:15).  The New Covenant will be established and make possible the redemption of all those who will repent and trust in the Savior.

Once more we see a division of the books and as in the Old Testament, the 29 books of the New Testament are divided in the order in which they come and like the Old Testament, they come in the order of their respective categories in the same order in which they are placed; that is, the gospels come first, then there is the brief history of the church in Acts, next Paul’s epistles (or letters), then the general epistles, and finally the prophetic or apocalyptic Book of Revelation where the history of the redemptive plan of God comes to its final fulfillment in human history.

The New Testament Books

The Gospels

Matthew

Mark

Luke

John


History

Acts (of the church or the Holy Spirit)

Paul’s Epistles (letters)

Romans

1 Corinthians

2 Corinthians

Galatians

Ephesians

Philippians

Colossians

1 Thessalonians

2 Thessalonians

1 Timothy

2 Timothy

Titus

Philemon


General Epistles

Hebrews

James

1 Peter

2 Peter

1 John

2 John

3 John

Jude


Prophetic/Apocalyptic (or the revealing)

Revelation

Conclusion

Everything we need to know about repentance and faith in Christ (Rom 10:9-13), how to have our sins forgiven (Acts 4:12), and to be seen as having Jesus’ own righteousness (2 Cor 5:21) can be found in the New Testament but even those who lived and died before Christ were saved by faith (Heb 11).  The Bible means nothing if it is not read and then believed and that belief means that a person needs to understand that if they have never repented, confessed their sins, humbled themselves before God and then put their trust in Christ they still have the wrath of God abiding on them (John 3:36).  God is furious at the sinner and that wrath will be placed on them on the Day of Judgment (Rev 20:11-15).  Either you will pay for your own sins (and it will take all of eternity) or you can choose to have Christ pay for them which was done at Calvary (John 3:16-17).  If you are not saved as you are reading this, you stand condemned (John 3:18).  Change that today and you will be saved (Rom 10:9-13).  Today, we have the sufficiency of the Scriptures and no new revelation from God is necessary than that which already appears in the 66 books of the Bible.  You can be saved today (2 Cor 6:2). Now that you know, what are you going to do about it? 

Another Reading on Patheos to Check Out: What Did Jesus Really Look Like: A Look at the Bible Facts

Article by Jack Wellman

Jack Wellman is Pastor of the Mulvane Brethren church in Mulvane Kansas. Jack is also the Senior Writer at What Christians Want To Know whose mission is to equip, encourage, and energize Christians and to address questions about the believer’s daily walk with God and the Bible. You can follow Jack on Google Plus or check out his book  Blind Chance or Intelligent Design available on Amazon

  • Guest

    Judith, Tobias, Baruch, Sirach, Wisdom, 1 & 2 Maccabees

    • Jack Wellman

      Guest, here is why these books are not in the Bible as we know it today. They are not inspired by God. They might be inspiring, like Moby Dick, but that’s not the same thing as inspired by God. The nation of Israel treated the Apocrypha / Deuterocanonical books with respect, but never accepted them as true books of the Hebrew Bible. The early Christian church debated the status of the Apocrypha / Deuterocanonicals, but few early Christians believed they belonged in the canon of Scripture.. The beliefs and practices which are not in agreement with the Bible include praying for the dead, petitioning “saints” in Heaven for their prayers, worshipping angels, and “alms giving” atoning for sins. Many have highlighted a few historical and theological errors in Tobit. First Tobit 1:15 incorrectly notes that Sennacherib was Shalmaneser’s son, rather than the son of Sargon II. Also, Tobit seems to imply that he was alive during the reign of Jeroboam I (about 930 B.C.), but at his death he was reported to be 117 years old. Theologically, Tobit asserts that almsgiving alone “will save you from death,” not, as Paul states in Gal 2:15 that man is justified (saved) “by faith in Christ and not by observing the law, because by observing the law no one will be justified.”

      Second Maccabees discusses several doctrinal issues, including prayers and sacrifices for the dead, intercession of the saints, and resurrection on Judgment Day. The Catholic Church has based the doctrines of purgatory and masses for the dead on this work.

      These books contain dozens and dozens of other errors and reveal why the Apocrypha books are not in the Bible today because they contain errors and God’s Word is inerrant in the 66 books that are overwhelmingly accepted as Scripture.

      • Guest

        I disagree.

        • Jack Wellman

          Thanks Guest. You disagree with the Book of Tobit which falsely asserts that almsgiving alone “will save you from death?” I hope so. Or do you disagree with Paul’s statement in Gal 2:15 that man is justified (saved) “by faith in Christ and not by observing the law, because by observing the law no one will be justified?”

          • Guest

            Sennecherib was the grandson of Shalmaneser. This is, at most, a minor discrepancy, however the Septuagint has Enemesar and apparently this is another name for Sargon.

            Jeroboam is Jeroboam II, 783-743 BC. The elder Tobias lived to be 102.

            You cannot expect an Old Testament book to entirely comport with teachings found in the New Testament. Tobias was written at least as early as the 2nd century BC, and relates a story of 500 years earlier than that, thus it is no surprise they hadn’t heard of Christ’s atonement. They went with what they knew at the time. This answers similar objections to Maccabees.

            2 Machabees 12, 43-46
            And making a gathering, he sent to Jerusalem for sacrifice to be offered for the sins of the dead, thinking well and religiously concerning the resurrection. For if he had not hoped that they that were slain should rise again, it would have seemed superfluous and vain to pray for the dead. And because he considered that they who had fallen asleep with godliness, had great grace laid up for them, it is therefore a holy and wholesome thought to pray for the dead, that they may be loosed from sins.

            I can’t help it if Catholics take a too-literal approach to some verses. This is a common mistake, not unique to them, and is probably the least of their problems. Apparently Jerome thought his own opinions more important than the actual text and changed it as he pleased, so it is little wonder they get so many things wrong. They claim 1 Corinthians 3, 10-15 supports the erroneous idea of purgatory, but I doubt you would favor excluding Corinthians from the Bible. My view is that it is obviously a metaphor.. ‘as through fire’ not meaning ‘on fire’… but trying to explain anything to a traditionalist is like hammering a bent nail, maybe somewhat less entertaining.


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