Continuing with a passage from a rough manuscript-in-progress:
One of Osis and Haraldsson’s physician-respondents told of an engineer in his fifties, stricken with coronary thrombosis:
He saw a “bearded man” standing at the opening to a long golden corridor. He was shaking his head and motioning him to go back, [and] said: “Not now, later.” This made the patient very happy. He said I [the doctor] need not give him medicine anymore: “I am not wanted up there.” It was right after this experience that he started getting better.
The Gallup poll reported that 9% of its NDE-informants—3% of all those who said they had come close to death—mentioned the tunnel. At the time, that statistic represented half a million people. The Evergreen study says that 38.2% of its interviewees reported “darkness” as part of their experience, which may refer to the same phenomenon. Ring and Cooper report 38% in their study of NDEs among the blind. Of Susan Blackmore’s informants in India who had come near death, three-nineteenths—three-eighths, or 38%, of those who claimed an NDE—reported a “tunnel.” [Illustration: Hieronymus Bosch (d. 1516), “Ascent into the Empyrean.”] Coming in roughly midway between the statistics previously cited, Arvin Gibson says that a tunnel figured in 22% of the interviews he has conducted. Generally, he reports, it occurs in the cases of those whose NDEs have been “fairly extensive.” Just slightly less than 23% of those interviewed as part of Kenneth Ring’s Connecticut Study told of moving through a dark, peaceful place, which some identified as a tunnel, while others called it a “funnel,” a “pipe,” a “culvert,” or a “drum,” or else left it unnamed. At least two of Gallup’s informants spoke of a long, dark “hallway.” Thirteen of the eighty-one earthquake survivors interviewed by Feng Zhi-ying and Liu Jian-xun, or sixteen percent, reported encountering a tunnel or tunnel-like place during a near-death experience.
 $Osis and Haraldsson, At the Hour of Death, 152.
 $Gallup, Adventures in Immortality, 32. See Gallup’s discussion on pages 52-54.
 Ring and Cooper, Mindsight, 38.
 Susan J. Blackmore, “Near-Death Experiences in India: They Have Tunnels Too,” Journal of Near-Death Studies 11/4 (Summer 1993): 215. Blackmore, it might be noted, was attempting, as she explicitly states, to establish the universality of tunnels or of tunnel-like darkness in order to explain NDEs as dependent on the physiology of the human brain.
 Gibson, Fingerprints of God, 67. See, for instance, the account that he records on pages 58-60.
 $Ring, Life at Death, 53; compare Guggenheim and Guggenheim, Hello from Heaven!, 131, 154-160.
 $Gallup, Adventures in Immortality, 45, 113.
 Feng Zhi-ying and Liu Jian-xun, “Near-Death Experiences among Survivors of the 1976 Tangshan Earthquake,” Journal of Near-Death Studies 11/1 (Fall 1992): 39-48.
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