Book Review: 36 Arguments for the Existence of God

(Author’s Note: The following review was solicited and is written in accordance with this site’s policy for such reviews.)

Summary: Sparkling writing; marvelous characters; could have benefited from a tighter narrative.

This is the first time I’ve ever reviewed a work of fiction for Daylight Atheism, but this one was well in tune with my site’s mission and merited the exception: Rebecca Newberger Goldstein’s 36 Arguments for the Existence of God. Despite the title, it’s a novel, not an academic textbook or a work of theology; and despite the title, it’s not an apologia for theism. If anything, the opposite is true. (Potential conflict of interest alert: Ms. Goldstein is the wife of Professor Steven Pinker, who served as the judge in a writing contest that I won, and who asked me if I’d be interested in reading the book.)

The main character of 36 Arguments is Cass Seltzer, an atheist psychology professor who’s found unexpected success and fame in a book debunking religion. Supporting characters include Lucinda Mandelbaum, his current significant other and a renowned mathematician; his old girlfriend, Roz Margolis, an anthropologist who’s researching life extension; Jonas Elijah Klapper, a windbag literary scholar who is Seltzer’s former mentor; and Azarya Sheiner, a young mathematical prodigy from an ultra-orthodox Hasidic Jewish community.

Cass is a professor at the fictional Frankfurter University in Massachusetts, but has just received a job offer from Harvard and is mulling whether to accept it, while at the same time he prepares for a debate with a religious apologist that centers around the arguments in his best-selling book. But this story, though it takes place in the present (from the novel’s perspective), is arguably not the main one. In fact, there are several plot threads, and the story skips back and forth between them – each one chronicling a different time in Cass’ life, explaining how he met the other characters and how he came to be where he is at the novel’s beginning.

First things first: I loved Goldstein’s writing style. It’s sparkling, exuberant, erudite, leaping into paragraph-long sentences as if the author is breathlessly trying to narrate everything as fast as it happens. In its best moments, it achieves the sublime. She’s obviously thoroughly informed about the history and development of the atheist movement, and the way its defenders respond to criticism (some of the quotes will likely be familiar to you). And I loved the characters she crafts – so much so that I’d gladly read a sequel that follows up on some of them.

Azarya’s inner battle between his dreams of nurturing his mathematical gifts, and his desire to stay faithful to his community and its traditions, is compellingly depicted and evoked an unexpected pang of sympathy from me, even for a sect as insular and narrow-minded as Hasidic Judaism. Cass is a glowingly sympathetic protagonist – for once, a novel that treats atheism as a normal and even sympathetic viewpoint, and not as a disease that a character has to be cured of! – and when he celebrates his good fortune, the reader is drawn in to celebrate with him, to make his triumphs our own and to share his fear that they may all be snatched away. And when, at the end, he steps up to the podium to do battle with his adversary, we’re cheering him on (well, I was). And Roz, especially, was a magnificent creation, a tigerish free spirit who makes an already bright book even brighter whenever she appears in it.

There was only one character I didn’t like, and that leads me to my one major complaint. Cass’ mentor, Jonas Elijah Klapper, was pompous, egotistical, and insufferably self-absorbed – and I have no doubt that Goldstein intended us to find him so – but then, why does he have so much face time in the book? The plot noticeably drags whenever he appears, and in fact, the plot thread that involves him is never really brought to a satisfying resolution.

To tell the truth, for all that I liked about it, the book in general could have used a tighter narrative focus. There’s not really a single, overarching plot that drives the story as much as there is a series of extended episodes from the life of its major character, and the “main” story – the one that occurs in the novel’s present, rather than being backstory – has a fairly anticlimactic ending. There were several intriguing plot threads, especially Roz’s involvement with a group studying life extension, that offer tantalizing possibilities but never really develop. Some of these have enough potential to be books in and of themselves, and if they ever do, I’d be glad to read them.

Atlas Shrugged: The Craft of Not Acting
Atlas Shrugged: The Rapture of the Capitalists
You Got Your Ideology in My Atheism!
Atlas Shrugged: Thank You For Riding Taggart Transcontinental
About Adam Lee

Adam Lee is an atheist writer and speaker living in New York City. His new novel, City of Light, is available in paperback and e-book. Read his full bio, or follow him on Twitter.

  • the chaplain

    Thanks for reviewing this book. I’ll add it to my list of books-to-read. If only I could read as fast as I can make a list!

  • Reginald Selkirk

    Ms. Goldstein is the wife of Professor Steven Pinker

    Does she have luxuriant flowing hair like her husband?

  • Mathew Wilder

    @Reginald: The picture of her on the inside back flap does show her with quite luxuriant hair.

    I think I need to meet a woman like Goldstein. *sigh*

    I’m 140 pages in and I think the book is excellent. It could have been overly didactic but Goldstein is such a good writer she deftly avoids that pitfall. I would like to read her other books.

    Am I the only one who finds the character of Jonas Elijah Klapper reminiscent of Richard Rorty?

  • Mathew Wilder

    The further I get into the book, the more I dislike Klapper. I think maybe Stanley Fish is a better parallel than Rorty.

  • Mathew Wilder

    I really liked the ending of the novel. I think the “looseness” of the narrative arc was purposeful. My complaint about it is that past and present were not delineated well, and I often found myself wondering why Cass was being referred to as a student when he had supposedly been a professor and published a bestselling book, only to realize the timeline had jumped back again. Maybe I was just being dense. At any rate, I think the anticlimactic ending is intentional – it seems very true to life, to me.

    And now I have 3/5 comments on this post. Winner!

    Oh, and I would absolutely LOVE a whole book about Roz!