Pauline Authorship: Visualizing the BNTC Survey Numbers

Dan Wilkinson was not entirely happy with just the numbers provided in Paul Foster's article, from which I shared some statistics in a previous post. So he made this:   There are exceptions and unusual viewpoints. I know someone who doubts Paul wrote Galatians. If he had been there, the chart would have an outlier. [Read More...]

BNTC Survey on Pauline Authorship

Rick Sumner shared this delightful image (from a Koine Greek subreddit that I had no idea existed!): Click through to see the image full size. I really appreciate Rick’s comments on the results. And I think that seeing numbers like these can be more helpful than references to “what scholars think” or “the consensus view.” [Read More...]

Did Paul Have a Distinctive Christology? Did He Think of Jesus as a Pre-Existent Human Being?

In a recent blog post, Larry Hurtado noted Morton Smith's observation that Christology never turns up as an issue between Paul and the more conservative Jewish Christian groups that he interacted with directly and indirectly, centered in Jerusalem. And so this seems to confirm that Paul did not take a Jewish Messianic figure and turn [Read More...]

Retelling Romans 3:21-31

And now, God’s justice has been manifested apart from the Bible (though the Bible testifies to it): God’s justice through the faithfulness of Christ Jesus to all who trust. For there is no distinction: since all have sinned and lack God’s glory, all are justified freely by his grace through the redemption accomplished in Christ [Read More...]

N. T. Wright and James D. G. Dunn on the New Perspective on Paul

HT Cliff Kvidahl on Facebook [Read more...]

Paul vs. His Modern Inerrantist Interpreters

There is an interesting contrast between the way Paul wrote about the content of his own writings, and the way modern-day inerrantists talk about them. Paul is relatively humble, even while claiming authority, compared with the claims of inerrantists, and he nuances things differently than they do. If we focus just on 1 Corinthians we [Read More...]

Gentiles, Gays, and Animals

I had someone comment on a post I wrote about homosexuality, making the tired but nonetheless common non sequitur that, if one views same-sex relations as acceptable, then one must also embrace bestiality. I found myself wondering whether the apostle Paul faced the same sort of ridiculous objection from his contemporaries. I can imagine his [Read More...]

Is Claiming the Holy Spirit as Author of the Bible an Unforgivable Sin?

I have been having a Facebook interaction with someone who claims that the Holy Spirit is author of the writings in the Bible. On the one hand, this claims does not seem to make sense, since the same person also claims to accept that there were human authors as well. But what does it mean [Read More...]

Retelling Romans 1:18-2:16

“God’s anger is being poured out from heaven on all the godlessness and injustice of those┬ápeople who, in their wickedness, suppress the truth. Because that which can be known about God is known to them – God has made it known! From the creation of the cosmos, God’s invisible aspects (God’s everlasting power and divinity) [Read More...]

Retelling Romans 1:8-17

First, I give thanks to my God, through Jesus the appointed king, for all of you, because your faithfulness to God is being reported all over the world. God is my witness, whom I serve in my spirit in the good news concerning his son, as I constantly make mention of you, always asking in [Read More...]

Retelling Romans 1:1-7

To all God’s people in Rome, who are loved by God and called and sanctified, Grace to you and peace, from God our Father and Jesus his appointed king. Let me introduce myself. I am Paul – enslaved by Jesus the divinely-appointed king, and called to be an emissary of God’s good news. You’ve heard [Read More...]


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