El Shaddai

This important title, often found in connection with name 'El, is found in several biblical passages in reference to Israel's God (e.g., Gen.17.1; 28.3; 35.11;49.25; Ex. 6.3; Num. 24.4, 16; Ps. 68.15; Job 8.3,5, etc.). [1] 'El-Shaddai is P's favored title for God before the revelation of the divine name to Moses. But what is its meaning, and what is its historical derivation? Traditionally, following the LXX (i.e., the Septuagint, or ancient Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible), which uses … [Read more...]

Gender, Mormonism, and Transsexuality

The declaration that "gender is an essential characteristic of individual premortal, mortal, and eternal identity and purpose" is presumably attempted to rebut the second-wave feminist articulation of the sex/gender dichotomy which sees sex as natural and gender as culturally/socially constructed, and therefore malleable. While it is perhaps unclear that "The Family: A Proclamation to the World" is theoretically sophisticated enough to be aware of the sex/gender distinction that emerged in the … [Read more...]

The Virtue of Pseudonymity

Blogs and bloggers are divided between those who use their real names, and those that don't. At times, onymous bloggers see themselves as more courageous and even morally superior to those who "hide behind" anonymity. Other times, bloggers refuse to even engage an anonymous argument. Some bloggers may seek the cover of anonymity to make hurtful remarks, and others for personal or professional privacy. I believe that there is a third type of anonymity that both subverts modern notions of … [Read more...]

King Benjamin Killed God

Jesus set up an impossible paradox when he explained that the two great commandments are to love God and to love one's neighbor (though he was not the first to summarize the Law in such a way). The problem is that one simply cannot do both, as Jesus himself elsewhere noted that one cannot serve two masters.King Benjamin saw the impossible tension between these two contradictory commandments and attempted to resolve it by collapsing them into one single ethical imperative. He said: "when ye … [Read more...]

“Listen, O Israel, Yahweh is our God, Yahweh is one.” Does the Bible Teach Radical Monotheism?

Deuteronomy 6.4-9, also known as the Shema because the first word of the passage in Hebrew is the imperative shĕma‘, meaning “Listen,” is probably one of the most well known passages in all of biblical literature. In Jewish tradition this passage is frequently recited as a prayer, a practice that goes back at least to the early rabbinic period [1]. The broader Judeo-Christian tradition, moreover, has often taken the first verse of this passage as a statement of Israel’s (and its own) radical mono … [Read more...]

The Piety of Errant Scriptures

The errancy/innerrancy debate in biblical theology is often framed in terms of levels of "belief" in the Bible. The errancy position holds that the Bible is not a perfect document that represents the direct word of God in every minor (and even some major) instance. It admits human involvement in the production and transmission of the text. In inerrancy position holds that the Bible is the perfect word of God. Though there are many different subtlties in the various versions of these two … [Read more...]

Myth, Modernity, and Mormonism

The category of "myth" is arguably the most important for evaluating the Bible in the last few hundred years. The very earliest critics of the Bible employed the category of "myth" in evaluating the stories and histories recorded there. D. F. Strauss (Das Leben Jesu, 1835) employed the term for making sense of the life of Jesus, among the first to suggest that the gospels were not literal history.Besides the difficulty in identifying and defining myth, the most important interpretive problem … [Read more...]

Christmas and Mary

1 And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars: 2 And she being with child cried, travailing in birth, and pained to be delivered.3 And there appeared another wonder in heaven; and behold a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and seven crowns upon his heads. 4 And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven, and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon stood … [Read more...]


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