King Benjamin Killed God

Jesus set up an impossible paradox when he explained that the two great commandments are to love God and to love one's neighbor (though he was not the first to summarize the Law in such a way). The problem is that one simply cannot do both, as Jesus himself elsewhere noted that one cannot serve two masters.King Benjamin saw the impossible tension between these two contradictory commandments and attempted to resolve it by collapsing them into one single ethical imperative. He said: "when ye … [Read more...]

“Listen, O Israel, Yahweh is our God, Yahweh is one.” Does the Bible Teach Radical Monotheism?

Deuteronomy 6.4-9, also known as the Shema because the first word of the passage in Hebrew is the imperative shĕma‘, meaning “Listen,” is probably one of the most well known passages in all of biblical literature. In Jewish tradition this passage is frequently recited as a prayer, a practice that goes back at least to the early rabbinic period [1]. The broader Judeo-Christian tradition, moreover, has often taken the first verse of this passage as a statement of Israel’s (and its own) radical mono … [Read more...]

The Piety of Errant Scriptures

The errancy/innerrancy debate in biblical theology is often framed in terms of levels of "belief" in the Bible. The errancy position holds that the Bible is not a perfect document that represents the direct word of God in every minor (and even some major) instance. It admits human involvement in the production and transmission of the text. In inerrancy position holds that the Bible is the perfect word of God. Though there are many different subtlties in the various versions of these two … [Read more...]

Myth, Modernity, and Mormonism

The category of "myth" is arguably the most important for evaluating the Bible in the last few hundred years. The very earliest critics of the Bible employed the category of "myth" in evaluating the stories and histories recorded there. D. F. Strauss (Das Leben Jesu, 1835) employed the term for making sense of the life of Jesus, among the first to suggest that the gospels were not literal history.Besides the difficulty in identifying and defining myth, the most important interpretive problem … [Read more...]

How to Teach Yourself Hebrew from Scratch: Part II

Let's assume at this point that you're someone who took a year of Hebrew in school, but it was a long time ago.  Or,  you have worked through a grammar on your own. You've learned some basics, but you're not quite ready to dive into Isaiah. What to do? … [Read more...]

Christmas and Mary

1 And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars: 2 And she being with child cried, travailing in birth, and pained to be delivered.3 And there appeared another wonder in heaven; and behold a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and seven crowns upon his heads. 4 And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven, and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon stood … [Read more...]

The Divine Council

There has been serious discussion among Mormon scholars over the past several years regarding the divine council in the Hebrew Bible and its implications for Mormon thought. For instance, very recently Blake Ostler published his third volume of Exploring Mormon Thought, in which, among other issues, he discusses at length various aspects of the heavenly council in the Hebrew Bible and what their implications might be for Mormon theology. David Bokovoy, a Mormon PhD student studying at Brandeis … [Read more...]

Reading the Christmas Stories: What is biblical criticism? Part 3

Hopefully you have all done what I suggested last time and made notes on both of the nativity stories. Below are my notes (sorry for the bad formatting, Wordpress for some reason does not allow arbitrary css styles on html elements, so I just gave up and let wordpress format it as it saw fit). … [Read more...]


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