The Exorcist shocked, startled, and sickened audiences when it first came out in 1973, and if the cheesy sequels, rip-offs, and even spoofs that have come out since then have drained the film of its grotesque novelty, it remains a powerful, creepy moviegoing experience.
As you probably know, the film concerns a girl named Regan (Linda Blair) who, around the time of her 13th birthday, is possessed by an entity that is variously identified as the ancient Babylonian demon Pazuzu, the Christian Devil, and a ouija-board spirit named “Captain Howdy”. Regan’s behaviour turns increasingly bizarre, from pissing on the carpet at one of her mother’s parties to masturbating violently with a bloodied crucifix. The doctors are at a loss to explain Regan’s behaviour, so finally, reluctantly, her mother calls for some priests to perform an exorcism.
The film became famous for its gross-out effects, but what makes it work is the foreboding atmosphere, rooted in the characters, which director William Friedkin creates right from the film’s opening frames. It begins with a prologue set in Iraq, in which Father Merrin (Max von Sydow), a Catholic priest overseeing an archaeological expedition, discovers an amulet in the shape of Pazuzu’s head and ponders what it may mean. Clocks stop, dogs fight, and strange noises shriek their way onto the soundtrack.
Cut to Washington D.C., where Father Karras (Jason Miller), a Jesuit priest and a psychiatrist, is having a crisis of faith, amplified by guilt over his inability to help his dying mother. Also in Washington, Regan’s mother Chris MacNeil (Ellen Bursytn) is a successful actress who, at the start of the film, is working on a Hollywood movie about student activists. Chris has a crisis of her own to deal with, namely her separation from her husband, who won’t even phone home on their daughter’s birthday.
Broken homes, political unrest, and suffering in general — these are not just a backdrop to the more sensationalistic evil which is to come. Nor does the film’s preoccupation with demonic special effects obscure the fact that people are often cruel to each other in subtler ways, as some critics of the film have charged. Rather, William Peter Blatty, who adapted the screenplay from his novel, draws a link between the various kinds of evil in order to caution us against becoming so familiar with them that we become tempted to accept them as if they were a normal part of the world.
This is made a bit clearer in the new version of the film, which has about 11 minutes of restored footage spread out across four new scenes. In one new scene, Father Karras asks Father Merrin why the demon is attacking the young girl; Father Merrin replies that the demon wants humans to despair, to see themselves as little more than beasts. (However, some of the things the demon does to produce this effect, like the famous shot of Regan twisting her neck and a new shot of Regan “spider walking” down the stairs, are so gimmicky they nearly undermine the film’s more serious intentions.)
The best thing about this new version of The Exorcist is its digitally enhanced sound. The film is full of unnatural noises, from the grunts, wails, and backwards voices that pour out of Regan’s bulging throat to the equally inhuman sounds of the modern world (the deafening roar of subway trains and jet engines, the extremely loud machines the doctors use to examine Regan, and so on). In its own arguably perverse way, The Exorcist holds out the hope that we are more than machines, more than animals. That’s more than you can say about most scary movies these days.
– A version of this article was first published in the Vancouver Courier.