Herod the Great and his Cleopatra cameo.


I happened to watch Cecil B. DeMille’s Cleopatra (1934) for the first time today, and I was surprised when, a little more than an hour into the movie, Herod the Great showed up. He says that he has come directly from Rome, and that he is on his way back to his kingdom in Judea, but while he is in Egypt, he has a message for Cleopatra: namely, Octavian wants her to kill Mark Antony.

In the next scene, Herod and Mark Antony share some drinks and some laughs, and then Herod, still laughing, tells Antony that Octavian wants Cleopatra to poison him — a message that Antony himself laughs off, until a later scene in which he discovers that Cleopatra is testing different kinds of poison on her prisoners.

So Herod gets to be friendly with all the major political figures — Octavian, Cleopatra, Mark Antony — while at the same time disturbing the two political figures with whom he shares actual screen time. And you get the impression that he rather likes disturbing his friends, even though they are all discussing serious matters of life and death. The important thing, for Herod, is that he has influential connections, that he can flaunt those influential connections, and that he can keep those influential connections.

I have no idea whether there is any historical basis for these particular scenes. But for what it’s worth, Wikipedia indicates that Herod secured his position as “King of the Jews” with help from both Mark Antony and Cleopatra between 40 and 37 BC, and that, when civil war broke out between Antony and Octavian, Herod switched his allegiance to Octavian in 31 BC. Antony and Cleopatra would go on to die in 30 BC, after losing their war with Octavian, while Herod continued to rule Judea until his own death in 4 BC. Octavian, who went on to become the Emperor Augustus, did not die until AD 14.

The Herod cameo in this film is particularly interesting for two reasons: One, I am not aware of any other Cleopatra movie that has included Herod as one of its characters. And two, both Herod and director DeMille are often associated with biblical epics, yet this is the only DeMille film that depicts Herod — and it is not, strictly speaking, a biblical epic! Even DeMille’s one life-of-Jesus movie, The King of Kings (1927), never gets around to depicting Herod the Great, because it focuses exclusively on Jesus’ adult ministry and never depicts the Nativity.

Herod, incidentally, is played here by Joseph Schildkraut, who had previously played Judas Iscariot in The King of Kings. Cleopatra, of course, is played by Claudette Colbert, who had previously bathed in asses’ milk as the Roman Empress Poppea in DeMille’s The Sign of the Cross (1932) — and who would soon go on to win an Oscar for starring opposite Clark Gable in the classic screwball comedy It Happened One Night (1934).

About Peter T. Chattaway

Peter T. Chattaway was the regular film critic for BC Christian News from 1992 to 2011. In addition to his film column, which won multiple awards from the Evangelical Press Association, the Canadian Church Press and the Fellowship of Christian Newspapers, his news and opinion pieces have appeared in such publications as Books & Culture, Christianity Today, Bible Review and the Vancouver Sun. He also contributed essays to the books Re-Viewing The Passion: Mel Gibson’s Film and Its Critics (Palgrave Macmillan, 2004) and Scandalizing Jesus?: Kazantzakis’s The Last Temptation of Christ Fifty Years on (Continuum, 2005).

  • http://www.blogger.com/profile/04465717054328033709 Friar

    Herod was in fact in the middle of some of the post-Julian intrigue and conflict. He secured his throne by eventually siding with Octavian, as Wikipedia, as well as some other, reliable sources, suggest.

  • http://www.blogger.com/profile/07395937367596387523 Peter T Chattaway

    Yeah, I’ve been vaguely aware of the links between the Herodian and Julio-Claudian dynasties for a while. It’s just not something you normally see in the movies that are made about these people — although one other exception that does come to mind is the TV mini-series A.D. Anno Domini (1985), which spends a bit of time on the relationship between Herod Agrippa I and the Roman Emperor Caligula.

  • http://www.blogger.com/profile/08741378159534413277 Magnus

    You watched Rome yet?

  • http://www.blogger.com/profile/06417844872416400954 jonnyflash

    National Geographic has a cover article about Herod this month, and one of the items they mention is the fact that he named his artifical harbor city “Caesaria” after Octavain, and that he traveled to meet Octavian promptly upon hearing of Antony’s defeat.

    Octavian was apparently impressed that instead of Herod pretending to be loyal to him all along, he stated plainly that he was loyal to Antony but now that Antony was dead he would serve Octavian with equal loyality.

  • http://www.blogger.com/profile/05113670876288157267 Matt Page

    Schildkraut also went on to play Nicodemus in The Greatest Story Ever Told

    Matt


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