Here we go again: Ridley Scott’s Exodus and “accuracy”

Longtime readers of this blog will know that I’m no fan of the expression “biblically accurate”. It’s not that I don’t like analyzing biblical and historical epics to see where they deviate from their source material; I do that sort of thing all the time. Rather, the problem is the way that phrase has been turned into a weapon, signifying little more than whether or not a movie has earned the approval of the person who uses that phrase.

Just in the past year and a half, we have seen people call The Bible and its big-screen spin-off Son of Godbiblically accurate” even though that miniseries was full of embellishments and got many details wrong, and we have also seen people condemn Noah for its alleged lack of accuracy even though it tackled lots of obscure biblical details that many people never think about. One film was “accurate” because it gave the audience what it wanted, and the other wasn’t because it didn’t.

So, with Ridley Scott’s Moses movie Exodus: Gods and Kings coming out just five and a half months from now, it’s time to start discussing the “accuracy” of that movie — or so one might gather from an article posted by The Hollywood Reporter the other day headlined ‘Exodus: Christian Audiences Say Their Attendance Will Depend on Adaptation’s Accuracy’. The most pertinent paragraph is this one:

According to a new American Insights survey of 1,200 respondents from Oxford-based Christian News Service, two-thirds of all adults and 74 percent of Christians are likely to see a movie related to God. However, 79 percent of those polled believe “historical and biblical accuracy is important.” In regard to Exodus, 80 percent of the Christian respondents plan to see the Scott film if it remains true to biblical accounts, compared to 29 percent if it does not.

I have no idea if this survey is legit, or if it’s one of those bogus things like the survey released by “Faith Driven Consumers” shortly before Noah came out. But it does underscore a cultural reality, which is that many Christians expect and demand “accuracy”, whatever that means, when they go to see a movie based on the Bible.

The problem is, this expectation is utterly unrealistic, and it is ill-defined.

Why do I say unrealistic? Because no movie is completely accurate. Even the Bible, in retelling some of its stories, isn’t entirely accurate in the retelling. And if you’ve seen any of Ridley Scott’s earlier epics, then you should know better than to expect any sort of “accuracy” in his films. The deeper, more important question is what sort of story he will tell, and whether it will convey something of the sense of history — and not just history for its own sake, but a sense of what that history means to us today.

And why do I say ill-defined? For the reason I gave above: because the word has little meaning now beyond a vague sense that “films I like are accurate, and films I dislike are not.” I also wonder if any of these Christians would really want to see a movie which gets into some of the really nasty stuff in the Bible — the stuff that Exodus star Christian Bale found rather “shocking” when he researched the part of Moses.

Cecil B. DeMille was blatantly inaccurate when he showed God punishing the Hebrews for their worship of the golden calf in The Ten Commandments. In the biblical version of the story, Moses tells his fellow Levites to wander through the Israelite camp, killing people at random. But in the film, God hits the camp with lightning and earthquakes, which is both more entertaining (who doesn’t love disaster-movie special effects?) and less likely to raise the sorts of moral questions that arise whenever we see people wantonly slaughtering other people in God’s name. And I’ve never heard anyone complain about the liberties DeMille took with that part of the story.

Given Scott’s own skepticism about religion, and given Scott’s own penchant for brutal violence, it would not surprise me at all if he included this episode in his own Moses movie. But would “faith-based” audiences necessarily commend him for being accurate in that way? As the saying goes, be careful what you wish for…

Incidentally, the Daily Mail published some pictures of Christian Bale and his family on Friday, and noted that Bale still seems to be wearing the “outgrown locks and ‘Moses’ beard” that he grew for Exodus. The paper asked if the film is “still shooting”, and it might very well be, given that cameras were rolling in Egypt just a couple weeks ago. But maybe Bale just likes the way his hair looks right now. Who knows.

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About Peter T. Chattaway

Peter T. Chattaway was the regular film critic for BC Christian News from 1992 to 2011. In addition to his film column, which won multiple awards from the Evangelical Press Association, the Canadian Church Press and the Fellowship of Christian Newspapers, his news and opinion pieces have appeared in such publications as Books & Culture, Christianity Today, Bible Review and the Vancouver Sun. He also contributed essays to the books Re-Viewing The Passion: Mel Gibson’s Film and Its Critics (Palgrave Macmillan, 2004) and Scandalizing Jesus?: Kazantzakis’s The Last Temptation of Christ Fifty Years on (Continuum, 2005).

  • Lewis Stevens

    1st off, like director DeMille decades ago, WRONG PHARAOH. The archaeology along with Hebrew scripture, points to the king – Ahmose, as Pharaoh of the Exodus. (or Hyksos expulsion, according to the Egyptian record) I think director Ridley Scott was drawn to this historical event because of certain sci-fi like story elements. = 1. “The glory of The LORD”, which if taken as described, sounds like some awesome interdimensional craft. (understanding Biblical teaching that GOD is from the spirit realm, not outer space)
    Needless to say, I’m jazzed to see what Scott & Co. have in store for us, accurate or not?

  • NBTC

    It really isn’t possible for a movie about Exodus to be both Biblically and historically accurate, considering there is no evidence that the mass enslavement of Hebrews in ancient Egypt ever actually happened.

    • Lucas Cooper

      When Thutmose III came to power, he tried to obliterate the memory of his predecessor, Hatshepsut. Says Egyptologist John Ray: “Her inscriptions were erased, her obelisks surrounded by a wall, and her monuments forgotten. Her name does not appear in later annals.” Similar attempts to alter or conceal embarrassing facts have even taken place in modern times.
      The Egyptians or any civilization isnt above erasing histories for political reasons.

      • NBTC

        So, because Egyptians had a history of erasing things, we can now assume that anything happened in ancient Egypt despite a complete lack of evidence?

        • Lucas Cooper

          The exodus isnt anything.

  • Peter Stone

    Ridley Scott makes great films but lousy history. He has never made an historically accurate film in his life. Conquest of Paradise, Gladiator and Kingdom of Heaven where all great films but don’t try and learn your history from them. In the same way Moses will be the same.

  • Aaron Vance Magill

    No offence Peter, but I have to be honest… if your going to make a movie about any type of person in History, then it would be wise to make sure the story being betrayed is accurate. If your doing a passionate movie about Dr. Martin Luther King, then you wouldn’t make him a black panther or take away the fact that He was a Pastor. Unless you are trying to change the history of what happened because of some bias. And that makes the author immature, or director in this case. So stick to the real “Script”. The bible… not your interpretation. Go to actual theologians and grab the consistent belief. The main stream belief, and is consistent between Jew’s and Christians. Don’t you think they would know more about there own “religion” than you?

  • Ralph Ellis

    Ridley Scott gets it all wrong.

    But the biblical Exodus did happen. Compare this list of historical events about the Hyksos Pharaohs:

    These people were called shepherds.
    They wore earrings and curly sidelocks of hair.
    They were circumcised.
    There was darkness and storms for three days (Tempest Stele)
    There was an ashfall, with the air thick enough to kill people (Thera)
    There was a battle (civil war) with the Egyptians.
    Tribute of gold, cloth and oil was given to make the shepherds leave (Tempest Stele)
    Some 500,000 of these shepherds went on the Exodus.
    They left from Pi Rammase (Avaris)
    There was a tsunami (Thera).
    They trashed Jericho.
    They went to Jerusalem (Manetho)

    A familiar story? Yes, the Israelites were the Hyksos Pharaohs and people. And Josephus Flavius, the greatest historian of Judaism, confirms this assertion. But if the Israelite Exodus was actually the Hyksos Pharaoh’s Exodus out of Egypt, then we also know why the biblical Plagues occurred. Just before the Exodus, the island of Santorini exploded, and covered the eastern Mediterranean with ash.

    This is why Moses says that he took ash from a fire, and scattered it all over Egypt (Exodus 9:10). There could not be a better description of the long-range ash-fall from the volcanic eruption at Santorini. So yes – the entire history of the eruption of Santorini (Thera), and the entire Hyksos Exodus event out of Egypt, is narrated within the record of the biblical Exodus.

    Please see:
    Jesus, Last of the Pharaohs
    Tempest and Exodus
    Scota, Egyptian Queen of the Scots

  • R Nilsen

    what does the christians have to say about this, moses were a hewbrew and a jew so it doesnt make any sense. My question regarding how accurate it is, because i compare it with Moses with Ben Kingsley, very good movie thats biblical accurate.
    I see “moses” here in a armor, i dont understand where they have his “military sense” from..