The Center For Inquiry has put out a paper (PDF) that documents several egregious errors found in James Q. Wilson and John J. DiIulio, Jr.’s American Government: Institutions and Policies textbook.
The mistakes are all over the place. While passages directly from the textbook are presented in CFI’s document, brief summaries of their analysis are presented below.
On Global Warming:
The textbook wrongly portrays the settled, firmly-established science of global warming as a product of “activist scientists” and the source of “profound disagreement” within the scientific community. The textbook levels the outrageous charge that global warming “has resulted in a conflict among elites who often base their arguments as much on ideology as on facts.” Astonishingly, the textbook questions whether the greenhouse effect itself “exists at all.”
On School Prayer:
The textbook repeatedly asserts, without qualification or further explanation, that the U.S. Supreme Court will not allow prayer in public schools.
These statements ignore the U.S. Supreme Court‘s well-established case law distinguishing impermissible
governmentreligious speech from the constitutionally protected privatereligious speech of students.
Constitutionally protected prayer in public schools occurs under many circumstances, including prayer during noninstructional time; prayer during extracurricular student groups‘ and community organizations‘ use of school facilities, both after the school day and on weekends; and prayer in moments of silence during the school day.
On Lawrence v. Texas and Same-Sex Marriage:
On Constitutional Government and Original Sin:
The textbook first states that the Court in Lawrence overturned the state statute in question “again by a five-to-four vote,” wrongly implying that the Court‘s decision was closely divided. In fact, Lawrence was a six-to-three ruling. This error should be corrected.
The textbook then proceeds to an astonishingly imbalanced statement of the “benefit” and “cost” of the Lawrence decision:
The benefit was to strike down a law that was rarely enforced and if introduced today probably could not be passed. The cost was to create the possibility that the Court, and not Congress or the state legislatures, might decide whether same-sex marriages were legal.
This statement at once belittles the Lawrence decision‘s importance and stakes a politically charged position on the issue of same-sex marriage…
Unfortunately, the textbook erroneously suggests that one of the principal motivations for the key provisions of the Constitution was the Founders‘ alleged recognition of the flaws in human nature resulting from “original sin.”
The key passage in the textbook occurs on page 84, where it is stated that “To the colonists all of mankind suffered from original sin, symbolized by Adam and Eve eating the forbidden fruit in the Garden of Eden. Since no one was born innocent, no one could be trusted with power. Thus the Constitution had to be designed in such a way as to curb the darker side of human nature. Otherwise everyone‘s rights would be in jeopardy.”
On the Establishment Cause:
… the textbook is clearly in error when it suggests that the Establishment Clause was intended only to prohibit a national religion or government preference for one religion until a last minute change rendered the clause ambiguous.
On the Significance of a Denial of a Petition for a Writ of Certiorari:
In one of the passages discussing the limits on government support of religion, the textbook makes a misstatement about permissible government endorsement of religion that, although not especially significant by itself, nonetheless shows a serious misunderstanding of the role and function of the Supreme Court.
… There are any number of reasons why the Court may decline to review a decision, including a record that is unclear or a desire to have more federal appellate courts provide their views on the matter before the Supreme Court takes up the issue. The
Supreme Court itself has explicitly cautioned the public that “[t]he denial of a writ of certiorari imports no expression of opinion upon the merits of the case.”
Again, the full version of the critique, with citations/appendices/footnotes, can be found here (PDF).
CFI says this textbook is used “in many secondary schools around the country, including advanced placement courses.”
I would like to see specifics on which schools are using it and how much emphasis is placed on the book in the classrooms, but that’s asking a lot.
I’m not sure how big a battle would be won if these changes are made to the text. (Surely, other textbooks contain just as many inaccuracies.) But it’s an excellent piece of work to see the errors pointed out like this.
If publishers continue to get called out on their biases (and downright lies), hopefully schools will take notice and refuse to do business with them.