Collaborating on these issues are experts in the areas of psychology, behavioral health, and, of course, religion.
Army Behavioral Health provides scientific approaches, including their “Shoulder to Shoulder” message of camaraderie and their “Ask-Care-Escort” (ACE) model of addressing potential issues. These approaches make good sense. In addition, the Comprehensive Soldier Fitness program focuses on improving soldiers in the area of physical fitness, family, emotional health, mental health, and spirituality. There is good work being done in several of those areas, but in the area of “spirituality,” things have started to go wrong.
Chaplains are leaned on heavily in these areas and religiosity is high. While having the sensible goal of attending to core values and beliefs, the Soldier Fitness program fails to accommodate nontheists. This can cause more harm than good.
These instances of command-led, prayer-based training go far beyond the simple “Ceremonial Deism” that the law provides for or the personal religion that everyone should enjoy. American Atheists and the Military Association of Atheists & Freethinkers have called for swift and decisive action to show that these instances are exceptions and will not be tolerated.
You can read more about how I think the military ought to address these problems here.