Transgender Atheist Fights Kenyan Government (And Christian Law Firm) For Recognition

One of the biggest names in the global transgender rights movement is also an atheist, giving her home country yet another reason to target her.

Audrey Mbugua is a 29-year-old Kenyan trans woman who is suing the government of Kenya for failing to recognize her identity and name on legal documents such as her state-issued ID and her passport. She transitioned in 2001 and was diagnosed in 2008 with gender identity disorder, the medical diagnosis sometimes given to trans and gender-nonconforming individuals as a prerequisite for legal or medical gender transition procedures. But according to her governmental identification documents, she is still legally male and has a different name.

The Kenyan government has refused to update her documents accordingly, resulting in increased prejudice, discrimination, and difficulty finding a job in a country where being LGBT is illegal. (Not surprisingly, Kenyan media coverage of the case has been sloppy in using her correct name and pronouns.) In May, she sued the Attorney General and the Kenya National Examinations Council, but government officials are clearly taking their sweet time.

We realise that the matter is tricky… We may have to liaise with the registrar of births and deaths for the necessary procedures to be followed before we can put in a proper reply,” a State lawyer said.

The national examiner initially told her that it could consider changing the gender indicator on the certificate of individuals who have “sufficient reason and evidence.”

Mbugua is also an atheist, which makes it all the more comical that the organization challenging her petition is a Christian group. The Kenya Christian Lawyers Fellowship argues that recognizing Mbugua’s correct gender “would set a precedent contrary to the Christian view of creation and encourage gay unions.”

This seems to be their only argument — that acknowledging a woman’s identity would be offensive to God. That doesn’t sound defensible to me, but there’s no telling what the decision in the courtroom might be.

“The applicant alleges to have planned corrective medical surgery, yet there is no proof that he [sic] was subjected to any,” wrote the group’s lead lawyer, Harrison Kinyanjui, in a submission to the Nairobi law courts.

The group recommends psychological treatment for Audrey’s case.

Right off the bat, we know that it’s incredibly offensive to suggest that a trans person needs “fixing” via psychological treatment in order to feel properly accepted and adjusted in society. (Why not fix the people whose bigoted opinions are still so prevalent?) Furthermore, the fact that a religious group is taking charge in a strictly government-focused case is problematic for a whole host of reasons, articulated eloquently by one Montreal Gazette blogger this past week:

If ever there was a case of Christians trying to force their primitive, superstitious belief systems on other people — and the trans person in question here says she is an atheist — it is this one. To  complicate matters even more, the holier-than-thou Christians are confusing gender identity with sexual orientation, perhaps purposefully, or perhaps through sheer ignorance.

Audrey writes regularly for the Kenyan site Transgender Education and Advocacy, and there’s a full report on her attempts to change her name and legal documents. Here’s a snippet of her justified frustration with this entire process:

The State needs to be more responsive to the divergent needs of diverse Kenyans. I normally see women easily changing their names to adopt the names of their husbands. But, transgender women are treated suspiciously and insensitively when they adopt names that align their gender identities. Why is one class of citizens more relevant than the other? We will not allow caste systems in entitlement of rights and fundamental freedoms.

Her story has also gotten some attention from My Secret Atheist Blog and the popular trans-oriented blog TransGriot, and Daily Kos named her one of its “Transgender Heroes” back in June. I can’t think of anyone more deserving of the title, trans or not.

About Camille Beredjick

Camille is a twentysomething working in the LGBT nonprofit industry. She runs an LGBT news blog at

  • Holytape

    [Conservative Voice]

    But don’t you see, this is another attempt at teh gays to destroy Jesus. It is a step by step master plan.

    Step 1. Recognize that gender is not black and white, and not set in stone.
    Step 2.
    Step 3. Jesus ends up crying.
    Step 4. Jesus kills everyone in righteous rage.

    Don’t say I didn’t warn you.

    • The Other Weirdo

      Step 4. Jesus kills everyone in righteous rage.

      Wasn’t Jesus going to do that anyway? Seems I read something about that in Revelations.

  • Eve

    Nice to see a trans* friendly post. :)

  • invivoMark

    When thinking of adjectives to describe this woman, the word “brave” comes to mind.

  • baal

    I want a law passed in the US to make it illegal for the folks here to push the bullshit there. One reason they can get away with more in Uganda is the average age of their population is low – like 14-15.

    • The Other Weirdo

      Are you saying the older Christians get the more freewheeling liberal they get and being supporting gay rights, etc?

      • C.L. Honeycutt

        I read this as, “U.S. fundamentalists see Uganda as a ripe target because its population is less educated, less worldly, and more malleable, and age is a factor in those things.”

        • baal

          What CL said.

  • C.L. Honeycutt

    It’s so very easy to rebut someone who is against trans people correcting their identity. It doesn’t even require knowing the science.

    [assuming the person is male for the sake of the example] “If your penis and scrotum were torn off in an accident, would you still be male in your brain and want to have them restored, or would you suddenly not care and be asexual in your thinking and emotions?
    [obvious answer is obvious]
    “Congratulations! Then you understand that gender identity is in the brain, not the junk. Shall we move on?”

  • Rip Van Winkle

    I’ll never understand why so many people are so vitriolous towards trans people. It takes a special kind of fucktart to hate someone over their gender.

  • LesterBallard

    Incredibly brave woman.

    And here in the good old USA we have shit stains like this;

  • GodlessPoutine

    Thanks for covering this so thoroughly, Camille. You found a good deal more good information than I did!

  • Sitting in Kenya

    Odd as this may sound, but this is a huge success. Audrey is getting national news coverage and a fair bit of it is either neutral or positive. Sure, they have not risen to the ideal standards of word choice, but the fact that they are not openly attacking it is a huge victory.

    Additionally, the courts are actually hearing the case and did not just accept the State’s defense. Some of the links document the massive levels of public support for making LGBTI activity illegal, so anything related, which is not slammed in the press, is a positive surprise.

    Audrey is breaking ground for many minority groups and I wish her more success!

  • mark novak

    why do Kenyans want to be christians? Anyway, people should be whatever they want. Change gender, change names, marry. The state gets a fee after-all. Remember; First they came for the LGBT, and I said……