An Afghan man is probably the first atheist ever to receive asylum in the U.K. for religious reasons. The British Home Office agreed to let him stay indefinitely after it accepted that he could face persecution in Afghanistan for having abandoned his Islamic faith.
From The Independent:
Although he was brought up a Muslim, since living in the UK he has gradually turned away from it and is now an atheist.
His lawyers argued that their client’s forced return to Afghanistan
… could result in a death sentence under Sharia law as an “apostate” — someone who has abandoned their religious faith — unless he remained silent about his atheist beliefs.