China has been extending itself beyond its territorial waters in the South China Sea. Japan and Vietnam have been affected, but the expansion is mostly at the expense of the Philippines. China has gone so far as to build an artificial island in Philippine waters. In doing so, it destroyed a coral reef, disrupted the Philippine’s fishing industry, and is interfering with its oil operations.
So the Philippines filed a complaint with an international tribunal. China lost its case. But it is refusing to comply with the ruling and is rattling its saber, blaming interference by the United States.