There is a reference book used in the medical professions and the insurance industry called the International Classification of Diseases. It gives a code for the various diagnoses. Insurance companies and the government Medicare administrators can set a price for each affliction so as to determine reimbursement rates.
The previous 9th edition had some 14,000 entries. The new 10th edition has 68,000. And they are really specific:
- getting struck or bitten by a turkey (W61.42 or W61.43)
- injuries caused by squirrels (W53.21)
- getting hit by a motor vehicle while riding an animal (V80.919)
- spending too much time in a deep-freeze refrigerator (W93.2)