Michael W. Hannon reminds us that postmodernist philosopher Michel Foucault, himself a homosexual, has maintained that homosexuality is a social construct. Until the late 19th century, there was the vice of sodomy, but no one assumed that those who committed it had any kind of special psychology, much less a particular defining identity.
Then again, Foucault believed that virtually everything is a social construct. And even if homosexuality is a social construct, that doesn’t mean it isn’t real. But I’m curious about Foucault’s postmodernist disciples, many of whom are champions of the gay cause. Gay activists seem to take an esssentialist view of homosexuality, that same-sex desire inheres in a gay person’s very nature. But postmodernists tend to deny essentialism in everything else, including the notion that a human being has any kind of fixed identity. So when postmodernists make the arguments that they do, are they just employing rhetoric in the pursuit of power? [Read more...]