Lots of Christians supported Donald Trump, for many different reasons. Some didn’t approve of him, but thought that he would be better than Hillary Clinton. Some thought Trump would be more favorable to the pro-life cause. Some thought he would be better on religious liberty. Some thought Trump would bring more jobs, shake up the status quo, and make America great again. Most Christians who supported him probably did so for various of these reasons. But some apparently supported him for theological reasons.
Did you notice how a number of Pentecostal groups, particularly those influenced by TV preachers, were with Trump from the beginning and expressed no qualms about some of his questionable behavior?
According to a recent book on the subject by Brad Christerson and Richard Flory (published by Oxford University Press), there is a new movement within Pentecostal and charismatic circles. The authors call it “Independent Network Charismatic”–or “INC”–Christianity. It doesn’t focus on evangelism or building congregations, nor speaking in tongues or performing miracles. Though of course Pentecostalists and charismatics continue to care about and to practice such things, this particular strain is solely about acquiring influence. And it is based not at all on a church, but on independent networks of leaders known as “Apostles.”
INC Christianity teaches that there are “seven mountains of culture”: business, government, media, arts & entertainment, education, family, and religion. The idea is that if Christians “capture” each of these mountains–that is, assume leadership in these fields–the nation’s problems will be solved and they will “bring heaven to earth.”
These Network Christians still believe in signs and wonders: They are convinced that one of them was the election of Donald Trump, whom they consider to be God’s chosen agent to bring in the kingdom of Heaven on earth.
These are not to be confused with Dominionists or Theonomists, who are Calvinists. Nor do they seem to be millennialists, either pre- or post-, though I could be wrong about that. (Please enlighten me if you know.) They are charismatics, seeing leadership in all of these areas as a sort of spiritual gift. UPDATE: They also strike me as applying the “prosperity gospel”–which these groups also hold to–on the national level. These leaders are part of the New Apostolic Reformation movement, which more fully accounts for their theology.
I suspect all Christians who support Trump or who are active in politics or who seek cultural impact will get tarred with this brush. You can ascend those seven mountains–if that is your vocation–without buying into the theology behind these “networks.” But you should be aware that this new social gospel is in the air. [Read more…]