Wine in the Gospel of John

Gerard David, "The Marriage at Cana"

The discussion of wine in the Old Testament provides the background for the Wedding at Cana in John 2, which is rich in OT imagery made new in Christ. The Evangelist tells us that Jesus has come to a wedding: a time of joy and celebration where wine would play a crucial role. But the [Read More...]

Bread in the Gospel of John

Giovanni Lanfranco, "Multiplication of the Loaves"

Yesterday, we saw the centrality to bread in the life of Jews. This is the context in which Jesus multiplies loves and preaches about the  Bread of Life. In John 6, Jesus takes five barley loaves and two fish and uses them to feed five thousand people. By producing food in a place where people [Read More...]

Bread in the Old Testament

Pyramid of Pepi

Bread was a staple food in ancient Palestine, made daily in every household. It was such a commonplace item that we don’t get details of types, production, and consumption in the Biblical texts. If we look to the wider documents of the Ancient Near East (ANE), we find the same constant reference to “bread,” but [Read More...]


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