A few months ago, I received a review copy of Victor Stenger’s God and the Folly of Faith. I meant to review it, but with other things I was working on it slipped through the cracks, and I never found time to read the thing all the way through. (Apologies to Dr. Stenger and Prometheus Books for that.) But I’ve read parts of it, and some are definitely useful. Here’s Stenger on Kalam:
The more recent theological claim that Borde, Guth, and Vilenkin have proved that the universe had to have a beginning is also in error. Again, this theorem was derived from general relativity and so is inapplicable to the issue of origins. Furthermore, it is disputed by other authors.44 I asked Vilenkin personally if his theorem required a beginning. His e-mail reply: “No. But it proves that the expansion of the universe must have had a beginning. You can evade the theorem by postulating that the universe was contracting prior to some time.” This is exactly what a number of existing models for the uncreated origin of our universe do.