The Beautiful Gospel of WHEAT (Not TULIP, DAISY, or ROSES)

WHEAT
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Acronyms—love ’em or hate ’em. They may be cheesy, but they work. They can summarize complex concepts and make them easy to remember and repeat.

In the realm of Christian theology, perhaps no other acronym is as well known as the infamous TULIP, which aims to describe the “five points of Calvinism.” In response to TULIP, others have come up with DAISY to describe Arminianism and ROSES to describe Molinism.

The explanation of these acronyms can sometimes vary (especially for the latter two), but for our purposes, I’m going to follow the versions summarized by Aaron Earls in his post, “Theological Flower Bed: TULIP, DAISY & ROSES.”

TULIP (Calvinism):

T: Total depravity – Every facet of every person everywhere has been marred by sin.
U: Unconditional election – God chooses those to be saved based solely on His will.
L: Limited atonement – Christ died only for those who are elect.
I: Irresistible grace – The elect cannot resist God’s call to salvation.
P: Perseverance of the saints – The elect cannot lose their salvation.

DAISY (Arminianism):

D: Diminished depravity – Humanity is depraved, but God uses prevenient grace to restore man’s ability to respond to Him.
A: Abrogated election – God bases His election on His foreknowledge of those who freely choose Him.
I: Impersonal atonement – Christ died for everyone, making salvation possible for everyone.
S: Sedentary grace – God calls everyone to salvation, but many freely reject it.
Y: Yieldable justification – The saved can fall from grace and lose their salvation.

ROSES (Molinism):

R: Radical depravity – Every aspect of humanity is depraved, but we are not always as bad as we could be.
O: Overcoming grace – God’s grace is persistent in the life of the believer, but it can be resisted.
S: Sovereign election – God desires the salvation of all, but our salvation is based on His choice not ours.
E: Eternal life – God grants believers eternal security in their salvation.
S: Singular redemption – Christ died sufficiently for all people, but efficiently only for the saved.

[Update: See my post clarifying the above acronyms.]

These are great tools if you happen to agree with one of the above systems. But I don’t. I think they all fall short of the gospel taught by Jesus, the Apostles, and the Early Church Fathers.

I don’t know of a specific name for the view I hold (because unlike Calvinism, Arminianism, or Molinism, it is not attached to the name of any one individual apart from Jesus), but one of the earliest and clearest expositions thereof (after the New Testament teaching itself) is found in Athanasius’ On the Incarnation of the Word, written in the early fourth century. More recently, Benjamin Myers has given a fantastic talk explaining this viewpoint, which he calls the “Patristic Atonement Model”—the predominant understanding of the early church. This is also (as far as I understand it) essentially what the Eastern Orthodox Church has always maintained.

Much of this belief is also reflected the writings of George MacDonald—particularly in his sermon titled “Justice”—though he carefully avoided systematizing his beliefs. You’ll find a simplified visual presentation in what’s called the “Gospel in Chairs,” which originated with Orthodox priest Father Anthony Carbo and has been repeated by non-Orthodox believers such as Brian Zahnd. And you’ll also find it in Brad Jersak’s popular book, A More Christlike God: A More Beautiful Gospel.

All that to say, this way of understanding the gospel is ancient and well established. (It’s hardly something I came up with on my own, in other words.) But since it doesn’t have a standardized name (that I know of), I’m going to borrow a name from Brad Jersak’s subtitle (which he tells me originated with Brian Zahnd) and refer to it as the “Beautiful Gospel.” That’s what I believe it is—the truly good news in all of its beauty, without any of the ugly distortions attached to these other systems.

Introducing WHEAT (the Beautiful Gospel)

As I said, the Beautiful Gospel in no way originates with me. I would merely like to contribute an acronym that summarizes the theology of the Beautiful Gospel in a way that is easy to remember and repeat. While the above sources (and many others like them) are wonderful ways to learn about the Beautiful Gospel, I want to offer WHEAT as a means of succinct explanation, compared and contrasted with TULIP and the other systems mentioned, and not requiring any props or a stage.

Why WHEAT? Why not a flower? The most basic answer is that WHEAT happens to work better than any flower name as an acronym to explain the Beautiful Gospel. But WHEAT also has the benefit of being a plant frequently used in biblical imagery. (You won’t find a single TULIP in scripture.) While I could point to any number of examples, perhaps the one most pertinent to the Beautiful Gospel is John 12:23–24:

Jesus answered them, “The hour has come for the Son of Man to be glorified. Very truly, I tell you, unless a grain of wheat falls into the earth and dies, it remains just a single grain; but if it dies, it bears much fruit. (John 12:23–24, NRSV)

One more thing needs to be said before summarizing the points of WHEAT itself. Though this will not be one of the points (as WHEAT is meant to parallel TULIP), it is actually the foundation behind all of the points. This is the very reason that WHEAT differs so strongly from TULIP, DAISY, and ROSES. The Beautiful Gospel is based on the foundational belief that God is perfectly revealed in Jesus. Or as Brian Zahnd so poetically puts it, “God is like Jesus. God has always been like Jesus. There has never been a time when God was not like Jesus. We have not always known what God is like—but now we do.”

With all that having been said, here is WHEAT:

W—Wounded children

God does not view us as depraved creatures. We are God’s children, and he views us as any good parent would their children. God’s desire is not to punish us for sin, but to heal the wounds our sin causes.

H—Human solidarity

We are not merely individuals. Humanity stands or falls together as a whole. By becoming human, Jesus entered into solidarity with the whole human race. With his death, all of humanity died, and with his resurrection, all of humanity gained new life.

E—Exhaustive reconciliation

God has never needed to be reconciled to us. It is we who have turned away from him, and God’s desire is to reconcile all of creation to himself and to each other. He has done, is doing, and will continue to do everything possible to bring about our reconciliation.

A—Absolute grace

God’s grace is not coercive or manipulative, and it does not override our free will. It is, however, constantly poured out in full measure on all of creation. Though every individual receives God’s grace, some choose to resist, placing themselves at odds with the intended state of humanity.

T—Transformative love

Salvation is neither an irreversible decision nor a status that can be lost. Rather, salvation is a process with some steps taken forward and some taken backward. In as much as we simply submit to God’s love, we are continually transformed into his image.


I hope you find the above summary to be a helpful tool for explaining the Beautiful Gospel. Over the next few weeks, I will be examining and defending each point in greater detail.

Be sure to subscribe (if you haven’t already) in order to keep up with this series as we progress through the points. Use the subscription form at the upper right of this page.

All posts in the Beautiful Gospel of WHEAT series:

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What Are Your Thoughts?leave a comment
  • http://KurtWillems.com Kurt Willems

    Good work, my friend! I look forward to where you go with this thing!

  • Nathan A. Patterson

    I really enjoyed this. Loved the acronym!

  • Russ Hewett

    Love it!

  • http://mikemorrell.org/ Mike Morrell

    Very nice! Acronyms, away!

  • Christopher

    Love it.

  • Ron_S_D

    Good stuff bro

  • Shirley Blake

    Beautiful yes! This is the gospel known in my heart.

  • Everett Kier Jr

    the handle for the thread is aptly named

  • Richard Worden Wilson

    Wow! All the comments so far are short and positive. I also really appreciate your work on this summary of acronymic rubrics. I also especially appreciate your contribution to the field of acronyms to crystallize beliefs about that beautiful gospel. The WHEAT fields are in fact, according to Jesus, white and ready for harvest, hence we should follow his counsel to go out and do beautiful witness.

  • Agni Ashwin

    I like WHEAT, but what about people who suffer from gluten-sensitivity?

    • http://hippieheretic.com/ Chuck McKnight

      Gluten-free bread is fine, but no gluten-free gospel! 😉

  • Nimblewill

    I look forward to this series. Thanks.

  • Kendrick

    You do know Jesus, whom i know, was talking about Himself right in the John scripture? Also i know Christ Jesus. But God does not see us as children who are just abused by sin. In fact, God sees as people of wrath, people who are worthy of the one True Triune God.

  • Tobey

    Beautiful. Thank you.

  • Aloha

    I have a question about “Progressive Christianity.”

    Do you have to believe in God and such to be a progressive Christian? Or is participation enough?

    • http://hippieheretic.com/ Chuck McKnight

      Progressive Christianity is more of a general descriptor than a defined group, so there’s no one setting any rules about who’s in and who’s out. That said, if someone wants to follow Jesus but isn’t sure about God, I’d say they’re welcome to join us.

  • George Waite

    If you like this Orthodox model, why do you believe in female ordination? The (re)marriage of clergy, including bishops? Openly gay people being able to be ordained?

    • http://hippieheretic.com/ Chuck McKnight

      I love my Orthodox brothers and sisters, and their views have been a huge influence on me. But I am not Eastern Orthodox myself. I have plenty of areas where I disagree with the Orthodox Church, and the things you’ve listed are some of the biggest reasons I cannot actually join, despite how much I respect and appreciate them.

      • George Waite

        In other words, there a convenient, slightly funky/”multicultural”/”ancient” source of knick-knacks and catchphrases, just as easily ignored and dismissed as used?

        • http://hippieheretic.com/ Chuck McKnight

          No, that would not at all be an accurate restatement of my position.

          I find that nearly every branch of the church has wonderful insights to teach us, as well as certain pitfalls to avoid. This only makes sense, given that all the church has Christ, yet all the church is still human.

          • George Waite

            How do you know they’re wonderful?
            And if you know that they’re wonderful without resort to religion, why bother with religion?

          • http://hippieheretic.com/ Chuck McKnight

            I believe they’re wonderful based on my own discernment. No different than how you believe they’re not wonderful based on your own discernment. It’s okay if you disagree with me.

  • Cristobal Diaz

    Amazing <3

  • http://www.thelostcoin.org Marc

    What makes you think you can call the ROSES scheme Molinism?

    • http://hippieheretic.com/ Chuck McKnight

      I didn’t come up with ROSES. I’m just responding to it.

      • http://www.thelostcoin.org Marc

        Well, I content that is wrong to equate ROSES to Molinism. Molinism is a Catholic theological approach on how to explain both the omniscience of God and the freedom of man using middle knowledge. http://www.iep.utm.edu/middlekn/#SSH3b.iii
        One can be a Molinist and still believe in all the points you mention in the WHEAT scheme.

        • http://hippieheretic.com/ Chuck McKnight

          If any Molinists would also hold to the Beautiful Gospel, then I’d say that’s fantastic!

          I’m admittedly far less familiar with Molinism than with either Calvinism or Arminianism (both of which have I personally held to in the past). My understanding of Molinism for the sake of these posts has been fairly dependent on the ROSES acronym, which I understood from multiple Molinist sources to be an accurate representation of their views. If this has indeed been inaccurate, then I offer my apologies.