The Ben Long Frescoes of North Carolina

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In West Jefferson, North Carolina, St. Mary’s Episcopal Church houses three beautiful frescoes by artist Ben Long. (photo by Bob Sessions)

In 1972, artist Ben Long was looking for a place to put his newly acquired fresco painting skills t0 work. He approached J. Faulton Hodge, the rector at St. Mary’s Episcopal Church in West Jefferson, North Carolina, with an offer to paint a fresco inside the church. “I’ll even do the work for free,” he said.

“We’ll take it!” replied an enthusiastic Father Hodge. “But tell me–what’s a fresco?”

So begins the story of a holy site located in the small town of West Jefferson, North Carolina (many thanks to Mississippi Pilgrim, dear friend and devoted follower of this blog, for introducing me to this sweet place).

Today the Ben Long Frescoes bring thousands of people each year to St. Mary’s, which is located near the scenic Blue Ridge Parkway. The artist, whose full name is Ben F. Long IV, has gone on to an internationally distinguished career. But back in the 1970s, both he and the church were far off the world’s radar.

Born in 1945, Long had studied at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill and the Art Students League in New York. After serving two tours of duty in the Vietnam War, he spent nine years in Florence, Italy, as an apprentice to Maestro Pietro Annigoni.

From Annigoni he learned one of the most challenging of all art forms: fresco painting. It’s an ancient technique, similar to the process used in prehistoric cave paintings. Wet plaster is applied to a wall, and the painting of the fresco (which is Italian for “fresh”) is done while the mixture is still moist. Because the pigment bonds so quickly to the plaster, this type of painting requires great skill and meticulous planning. Some of the most famous paintings of the Italian Renaissance were done in fresco, including Michelangelo’s ceiling in the Sistine Chapel and Leonardo da Vinci’s Last Supper in Milan.

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“Mary Great With Child” portrays a very pregnant Mary. (photo by Bob Sessions)

While Long made his initial contact with St. Mary’s Church in 1972, it wasn’t until two years later that he started a fresco there, his first project after returning from Italy. The piece is called Mary Great with Child. Local residents soon heard of the project and flocked to the church to see what was happening, especially after a rumor got started that the mural would feature people in the nude.

Even after locals learned that the rumor was untrue (no doubt to the disappoint of some), many took a great interest in the process and came regularly to watch as the artist and his assistants worked. People from various denominations took turns feeding and housing the visiting artists and tried to outdo each other in creating meals for them.

Over the next three years, Long created two additional frescoes for St. Mary’s:  John the Baptist in 1975 and Mystery of Faith in 1977. It’s said that during the painting of the final mural, Long continued working even during church services, though he would stop briefly to take communion. The works of art and their ensuing fame helped transform the church from a struggling parish to a true congregation.

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Today Ben Long works from a studio in Asheville, North Carolina. (photo from Ben Long Studio)

As the years passed, Long’s reputation has grown (and I bet he no longer needs to offer to work for free). To date, he has painted more than 30 frescoes.  Some are in churches, including a mural of The Last Supper at nearby Holy Trinity Episcopal Church in Glendale Springs, North Carolina. Others are in public buildings, including the largest secular fresco in the U.S. at the Bank of America’s corporate headquarters in Charlotte, North Carolina. Long also works in other media, and his oil paintings, portraits and drawings are included in major collections in Europe and the Americas.

If you’re traveling along the Blue Ridge Parkway in North Carolina, stop by St. Mary’s to see these lovely frescoes. You can view additional paintings on the Ben Long Frescoes Trail, which runs through seven counties in North Carolina.

To me the most interesting of the three murals at St. Mary’s is the Mystery of Faith (pictured below). It’s a haunting image, isn’t it? Its juxtaposition of the crucified Jesus and risen Christ is unusual in religious art. It has a contemporary feel to it, showing how an ancient artistic technique can be used in fresh ways.

I’m struck as well by how these murals exemplify the power of religious art. Many of the world’s greatest artistic creations were commissioned for churches, cathedrals and other houses of faith. One could argue that such works are mainly ornamental, but in reality they provide an entry into the mystery of faith in a way that words can’t.

Without the Ben Long murals, St. Mary’s might well be a boarded-up church or one attended by a dwindling number of parishioners. With them, St. Mary’s is visited by thousands of pilgrims a year, who come to sit in its small sanctuary, pray, and contemplate the beautiful works of art at its altar. When Ben Long made his offer four decades ago, the good Father Hodge gave the right response—even if he had no idea what he was agreeing to.

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Ben Long’s fresco “The Mystery of Faith” covers the wall behind the altar at St. Mary’s Episcopal Church in West Jefferson, North Carolina. (photo by Bob Sessions)

About Lori Erickson
  • http://www.beasone.org Susan Bailey

    What a privileged parish! How wonderful that art was used not only to create beauty and a place of spiritual contemplation, but also to create community. Kudos to the pastor for his vision in taking that leap of faith. And kudos to the artist for sharing his art in such a generous manner.

  • http://www.beasone.org Susan Bailey

    What a privileged parish! How wonderful that art was used not only to create beauty and a place of spiritual contemplation, but also to create community. Kudos to the pastor for his vision in taking that leap of faith. And kudos to the artist for sharing his art in such a generous manner.

  • Chris

    Thank you for sharing this wonderful artwork, Mississippi Pilgrim and Holy Rover. I agree: “The Mystery of Faith” is original and powerful. The story behind the murals is truly inspiring!

  • Chris

    Thank you for sharing this wonderful artwork, Mississippi Pilgrim and Holy Rover. I agree: “The Mystery of Faith” is original and powerful. The story behind the murals is truly inspiring!

  • Mississippi Pilgrim

    A special read with fond memories! This blog will be featured in Welcome Package to Marian Manor and shared with local Chamber. You and Bob have again brought your readers along. And, you know now how to return to the beautiful area.

  • Mississippi Pilgrim

    A special read with fond memories! This blog will be featured in Welcome Package to Marian Manor and shared with local Chamber. You and Bob have again brought your readers along. And, you know now how to return to the beautiful area.

  • Mississippi Pilgrim

    PS Both Jefferson & West Jefferson named to honor area surveyor, Peter Jefferson, father of third US president. 2015 is centennial year of West Jefferson located in the most northwestern county of North Carolina. Ya’ll come…

  • Mississippi Pilgrim

    PS Both Jefferson & West Jefferson named to honor area surveyor, Peter Jefferson, father of third US president. 2015 is centennial year of West Jefferson located in the most northwestern county of North Carolina. Ya’ll come…

  • Mississippi Pilgrim

    Final note: St. Mary’s Episcopal stands unlocked 24/7, a testament to the area and its surroundings. As noted by the Rover, visitors and locals stop by at various times in all seasons to reflect, pray or simply sit quietly appreciating the murals.

  • Mississippi Pilgrim

    Final note: St. Mary’s Episcopal stands unlocked 24/7, a testament to the area and its surroundings. As noted by the Rover, visitors and locals stop by at various times in all seasons to reflect, pray or simply sit quietly appreciating the murals.

  • darcy

    I am very late coming to this post but I wanted you to know how appreciated it was. Filled with beauty and history, thanks to you and the Mississippi Pilgrim and another place is added to the “to do” list.

  • darcy

    I am very late coming to this post but I wanted you to know how appreciated it was. Filled with beauty and history, thanks to you and the Mississippi Pilgrim and another place is added to the “to do” list.

  • annechien dik

    Thank you Holy Rover and Bob for the introduction of this wonderful place with this

    very unusual artist. What struck me was the fact that the artist was so sure of his

    capacities, perhaps so grateful for his gift which I am sure will have given him wings.

    He just had to listen to that inner voice who softly told him: this is it, this must be

    shared. What a wonderful story, wonderful work also. Although he is evidently

    a master in fresco painting his style in my opinion is absolutely unique if you would

    compare them with those in Italy of which I am fortunate to have seen quite some.

    I could not lay my finger on it but perhaps it is precisely this that makes it so unique.

    Lucky community indeed and thanks to Mississippi Pilgrim for sharing this beauty

    with us. The Mystery of Faith is an image to meditate on. The very pragnant Mary

    is beautiful and so alive and unusual also.

  • annechien dik

    Thank you Holy Rover and Bob for the introduction of this wonderful place with this

    very unusual artist. What struck me was the fact that the artist was so sure of his

    capacities, perhaps so grateful for his gift which I am sure will have given him wings.

    He just had to listen to that inner voice who softly told him: this is it, this must be

    shared. What a wonderful story, wonderful work also. Although he is evidently

    a master in fresco painting his style in my opinion is absolutely unique if you would

    compare them with those in Italy of which I am fortunate to have seen quite some.

    I could not lay my finger on it but perhaps it is precisely this that makes it so unique.

    Lucky community indeed and thanks to Mississippi Pilgrim for sharing this beauty

    with us. The Mystery of Faith is an image to meditate on. The very pragnant Mary

    is beautiful and so alive and unusual also.

  • annechien dik

    I meant “pregnant” of course….

  • annechien dik

    I meant “pregnant” of course….