Welcome to the fifth Conversations Under the Oaks, a monthly Q&A feature. This is your chance to ask me anything.
We have lots of questions this month. This post is pushing 4000 words, so I’ve broken it up into two pages for faster loading. That’s important to Google rankings, which is important for people being able to find this post.
Questions have been edited for brevity – names are used where I have explicit permission.
Former Patheos Pagan blogger Aine Llewellyn asks “How do we handle, in a positive fashion, when a polytheist has a theological disagreement with another polytheist? To specify, I am thinking of when someone doesn’t consider the Gods I worship to be Gods. Do we just live and let live? Do we hash it out?”
It all depends on context and forum.
Any religion that cannot be questioned is a weak religion, whether that’s “these are our sacred texts and questioning them is blasphemy!” or “this is my truth and you can’t criticize it.” If someone disagrees with me thoughtfully and politely, I’ll do my best to respond thoughtfully and politely. Challenge and response is how we advance our religious thinking, both individually and as a movement.
If at the end of the day we still don’t agree, then at least we understand why we don’t agree, and that’s OK. Contemporary polytheism is a movement, not an institution – we don’t have to agree on everything.
Now, if someone is being rude or dismissive, I’m not likely to pay any attention to them. If they’re factually wrong (i.e. – claiming I said something I didn’t say or otherwise mischaracterizing my position) I may rebut that, just to have the record clear. But I have too much work to do to spend time responding to trolls and sea lions.
I’ve seen a lot on what to avoid when looking for a group or teaching circle. I’d love to see your thoughts on what to look for. How does one tell if a group is healthy?
The most important thing to look for is whether they do what they say they’re going to do. Do their events happen as scheduled? Do their members show up to their events? How often they hold events isn’t nearly as important as whether or not the events they plan happen as scheduled. Emergencies happen, but if “emergencies” happen on a regular basis, it’s probably not a healthy group. Healthy groups have their acts together.
Do the members get along? It’s not reasonable to expect everyone to be best friends, but if they seem to like each other – and especially if they can disagree without getting upset – it’s probably a good group.
Is there substance to their work? Different groups have levels of knowledge and expertise, but does what they say match up with what you’ve learned from reliable sources? Do they admit when they don’t know something? Do they spend their time doing Pagan stuff or do they waste time talking about how bad Christians are?
And do their areas of interest line up with yours? If you’re looking for Nature spirituality, the best Thelemic group in the world isn’t going work for you. Early on my Pagan journey I walked away from a very competent group of Kabbalists because I realized that Kabbala wasn’t my calling.
How can you be positively visible when you live in a smallish community that is overwhelmingly Christian. Trying to engage with my community in a positive way, while staying true to my faith, is proving problematic.
Small communities can be difficult for outsiders of any description. The only way around that is to not be an outsider, and that can be difficult if churches are the center of social activities. Can you get involved in civic groups? Sports groups, either for adults or for kids? Charitable organizations? Anything so people can get to know you as a person, rather than as “the Pagan” or “the Witch.”
How visible do you need to be? I don’t hide who and what I am at my paying job, but I don’t advertise it either. I work for a large corporation – loud expressions of religion (any religion) are discouraged. That makes for a more tolerant work environment.
I encourage you to think hard about what your religion requires you to do. Remember that being a Pagan and doing Pagan things is more important than advertising for Paganism. Be true to your Gods, your path, and most of all, to yourself. But don’t feel like you have to change people’s hearts and minds.
In my experience, most non-fundamentalists can understand things like ancestor veneration and Nature spirituality. Magic is a useful skill, but you never know who’s going to show up on your door asking for favors. But polytheism is hard for people to accept. I covered some of this in a Letter To My Christian Friends. Be careful and deliberate with what you make visible.
I’m sure some readers are saying “screw them – be Pagan and make them deal with it.” Some people have the temperament for conflict. I don’t. I’m going to do my best to get along, particularly with matters of style rather than substance. I can deal with being the outsider a lot easier than I can deal with confrontation.
But at the end of the day, we have to be true to our Gods, our ancestors, and our traditions, even if that’s difficult and unpleasant. The cost of conformity is your soul.
Can there be people who are polytheist and not Pagan? And is it true that every Pagan is a pantheist?
Polytheism has a simple definition: the religious regard for many real Gods. Paganism is a movement, and movements don’t have definitions. They have centers. You’re not in or out of a movement – you’re closer to or further away from the center(s).I know several polytheists who say “my tradition doesn’t come out of the Pagan movement – don’t call me a Pagan.” I don’t see the need to make that distinction, but I support the right of self-identification, so I won’t call them Pagans. On the other hand, the African Traditional Religions are polytheist, but they are from an entirely different line than contemporary Western Paganism. It would be inaccurate to lump them together.
Pantheism is a different religious idea. It’s usually defined as the belief that “God is all and all is God” (though that uses monotheist language to express a pantheist idea). Many Pagans are pantheists, and the pantheist idea that “everything is connected” and “all is one” are popular with many Pagans.
But not with all. There was a time when I considered myself a pantheist, in addition to a Pagan and a polytheist. Now, if I am a pantheist, it’s at a level so high it has little day to day impact on my world. My focus is on the many Gods.
Mainly, remember that any time you start by saying “all Pagans…” whatever comes next is probably going to be wrong.
I would like to hear a Pagan author talk about the trauma that past faith can have on those who convert to Paganism, how that influences their perceptions of Paganism and religion in general, and what if anything can we as Pagans in leadership positions do to help alleviate that pain.
I’ve written about this at length – it’s one of the major themes of The Path of Paganism. But my writing has always been directed at individuals who want to recover and move on. How to help others do this is a related but different question.
Most people who leave a religion do so because something drives them out. Religious ties tend to be strong, even if they’re more cultural than spiritual. It takes something to break them, and that something is often traumatic. Sometimes the trauma is recognized and sometimes it’s hidden, but either way it’s usually deep.
We who are in Pagan leadership positions are priests, magicians, ritualists, and such. We are not psychologists. If someone needs mental health care, refer to them to a mental health professional.
The first and most important thing we can do is to provide a deep, viable, Pagan alternative to whatever religion they left. We can’t offer the physical resources of a large, well-funded church, but we can offer something more important – a strong Pagan religious experience. In my experience – both with others and with myself – bad religion can’t be washed away. It has to be crowded out. Good experiences replace the bad experiences. Show people something deep, meaningful, magical, and real. And don’t just show it to them – let them touch it for themselves.
Help them make a clean break with their old religion. Don’t use Christian terms for Pagan concepts. Don’t use Christian myths and metaphors. Our Pagan traditions have our own stories and traditions. Draw on them. Don’t focus on the bad things other religions are doing – focus on the good things Pagans are doing.
I can’t do anything with those who are so damaged they want nothing to do with organized religion. I can love and support them as friends, and I can show that there’s a good, healthy alternative, but if they’re not willing to get involved, I can’t make them. At the same time, I’m not going to let them stop me from building the strong Pagan groups and traditions I’m called to build.
If one offends a God or spirit (e.g. one of the fair folk), what are your thoughts on what can be done to make amends and re-establish peace between the offender and spirit?
This is a good question that has no easy answers and no universal answers. What works fine in some cases will make things worse in others. Every situation must be approached mindfully and carefully, with negotiations, consultations, and divinations. Oftentimes what is done cannot be undone and the consequences cannot be avoided.
But with that monster truck sized caveat, here are some general suggestions.
In my experience, Gods tend to be rather lenient with beginners. They understand that we don’t grow up in a polytheist environment where proper religious behavior is both taught and modeled. Mistakes made from ignorance are usually not a big deal – at least the first time. As you learn and grow, more is expected and negligence is tolerated less and less. And regardless of how long you’ve been doing this, offenses made from arrogance and entitlement are almost never overlooked.
The Fair Folk, on the other hand, tend to stick to the letter of the law regardless of age, experience, knowledge, or extenuating circumstances. Offend them and they will settle the score.
If you realize you offended a God or spirit, first do some research. “I’m sorry, I won’t do it again” may be a good start, but it is rarely all that is needed. Whatever you did wrong, make it right.
Figure out exactly what you did wrong and why it’s wrong. Remember the Gods are individuals: what Dionysus finds amusing, Apollo may find offensive, and vice versa. See if there are any references in the relevant lore – what did our ancestors do in similar situations?
You may need divination to get to the bottom of things. If you can find a priest of the deity in question, they can likely help. They probably can’t make it go away, but they can help you figure out how to make it right. That likely will mean sacrifices, in any and all senses of the term.
Don’t look to Christianity for guidance. Confession isn’t enough. Begging for forgiveness isn’t likely to accomplish much. Figure out what you did wrong, figure out what you need to do to make it right, then go do it.
That approach works pretty well with humans too.