THINK THIS, NOT THAT #5: Knock-Down, Drag-Out Fights Over Jesus

Whiz, bam—the early church leaders certainly knew how to put heretics and dissident theologians in their place! They’d bang their coffee cups on the table and cry, “Anathema!!” (An anathema, if you have to ask, is a ban or curse solemnly pronounced by ecclesiastical authority, and accompanied by excommunication. And anathema was one of the actions which came out of Constantinople II, the fifth ecumenical council.) The story of Constantinople II is a saga of disagreement and … [Read more...]

THINK THIS, NOT THAT #4: WHO DO MEN SAY THAT I AM? Ephesus Explains Christ’s Dual Nature

GLOSSARY FOR EPHESUS Nestorianism – Nestorius, bishop of Constantinople, and his followers believed that divine and human persons remained separate in the incarnate Christ.  For their adherence to this doctrine, they were ecclesiastically condemned in 431.  The Nestorian church, which then separated from Byzantine Christianity, centered in Persia and survived chiefly in Asia Minor. Monophysitism – The Monophysites held the anti-Chalcedonian doctrine that Christ’s nature remains … [Read more...]

THINK THIS, NOT THAT #3: Is the Holy Spirit Really God? The Trinity, As Defined in Constantinople I

The first council of Constantinople was convened in 381 A.D. in—guess where?—Constantinople.  It was convened by Theodosius, with the goal of uniting the church upon the basis of the orthodox faith.  But travel was  difficult at that time, and despite Theodosius’ good intentions, the council was poorly attended—with no Western bishops or legates in attendance.  Only a few bishops from Egypt attended, and they arrived late.  In reality, then, the council was only a synod of bishops … [Read more...]


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