Did Jesus Need the Holy Spirit?

Luke says in his gospel that "Jesus was about thirty years old when he began his work" (Luke 3.23 NRSV). But Jesus had been doing work many years prior as an artisan. The biblical description of Jesus as a tekton is usually translated "carpenter" (Mark 6.3; cf. Matt. 13.55); but it has a wider range of meaning that can include building things with wood, stone, and even metal. But Luke here refers to Jesus' public, itinerant ministry that he was just beginning as a prophet, sage, healer, and … [Read more...]

Peter Never Said Jesus Was God

I was a Trinitarian for twenty-two years. Then I read myself out of it in the Bible. I began to see that the Bible does not teach a Triune God as the post-apostolic, institutional, mostly Gentile church eventually declared and condemned those who differed. That is, there is no express teaching in the Bible about God being three in one, or God being three co-equal and co-eternal persons as I had been taught. In fact, the word "trinity" is not even in the Bible. This scared me when I thought of … [Read more...]

Is the Holy Spirit Neglected in the Book of Revelation?

Throughout much of the history of Christianity, the Holy Spirit mentioned so often in the New Testament was not mentioned very often by Christians. But that really began to change at the beginning of the twentieth century with the emergence of Pentecostals and, later, their younger siblings the Charismatics. In fact, this group has been most responsible for the growth of Christianity during the past century while the mainline churches have been suffering a decline in numbers of attendants at … [Read more...]

Eight Benefits of “Solving the Samaritan Riddle”

The New Testament book of Acts says Philip preached about Jesus to Samaritans who then believed (Acts 8.4–12), but they did not receive the Holy Spirit until days later when Peter and John came and laid hands on them (vv. 14–17). After that, Peter preached Jesus to a Gentile household. “While he was speaking,” they believed and “the Holy Spirit fell upon all who heard the word” (10.44). Why did the Samaritans receive the Holy Spirit days after they believed, but the Gentiles received the Spirit w … [Read more...]

“Peter’s Kingdom Keys Explain Subsequence”

The following is my first journal article. It was published a few days ago in the Journal of Pentecostal Theology. (See my 11/1/13 post about this subject entitled "Peter's Kingdom Keys Explain Spirit Baptism.") The thesis of this article is laid out in more detail in my new book, Solving the Samaritan Riddle: Peter's Kingdom Keys Explain Early Spirit Baptism. Published by Wipf and Stock Publishers on September 24, 2015, this book is now available at amazon.com, wipfandstockpublishers.com, and … [Read more...]

Was the Apostle Paul a Cessationist?

[Much of the following is from my new book, Solving the Samaritan Riddle: Peter's Kingdom Keys Explain Spirit Baptism, which is being published by Wipf and Stock Publishers to be released this fall.]I was saved in a Nazareen Church when I was thirteen years old. But I began my theological education in a Bible church when I was an eighteen-year old freshman in college. At my new church, I soon learned about spiritual gifts in the New Testament (NT). They are listed as follows: Romans 12.6–8; 1 … [Read more...]

The Spirit of God Is Not a Real Person ‘Cause the Spirit of Man Is Made in God’s Version

The Catholic Church officially sanctioned the doctrine of the Trinity in the late 4th century. It had never been known until the Three Cappodocians formulated it in the 370s. What is it? In the English language, it is that God is one essence manifested by three co-equal and co-eternal Persons: the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ), and the Holy Spirit (Gr. pneuma=spirit), which means the Holy Spirit is a full-fledged Person. But what does the Bible say about this, especially about the Holy Spirit … [Read more...]

Peter’s Kingdom Keys Explain Spirit Baptism

One of the foremost events in the history of the Jesus Movement--which later developed into the Christian religion--was that on the first Day of Pentecost after Jesus’ death and resurrection the Holy Spirit came upon his disciples at Jerusalem and they were "speaking in tongues” (Gr. glossalalia) in partial fulfillment of Joel 3.28. We read about it in Acts 2. Luke, the author, explains that the disciples spoke foreign languages unknown to them, but known to the thousands of Diaspora Jews who wer … [Read more...]