Did Jesus Ask God to Forgive All Those Responsible for his Death?

When Jesus hung on the cross he said, “Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing” (Lk 23.34 NRSV). Christians have believed that Jesus was asking God to forgive everyone involved in his condemnation and execution, and some would add Judas in his betrayal of Jesus.According to the four New Testament gospels combined, this saying of Jesus is the first of seven brief sayings he made while hanging on the cross. But only Luke records this saying. Interestingly, there is sig … [Read more...]

Did Jesus Cleanse the Temple by Expelling the Moneychangers Once or Twice?

The Gospel of John reports that early in Jesus’ public ministry he entered Jerusalem’s temple, got angry at its ungodly commercialism in selling animals there (which should have been outside), and made a whip to expel those merchants and moneychangers (John 2.13-16). Yet, all three synoptic gospels report a similar incident at the end of Jesus’ ministry, during Passion Week (Matt 21.12-13; Mark 11.15-18; Luke 19.45-48). Did Jesus “cleanse the temple” on two separate occasions? That’s what a compa … [Read more...]


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