Locke is often seen as the heir to Reformation political theology. Ruben Alvarado (Calvin and the Whigs) begs to differ. Locke was waiting in the wings when Calvinist politics eroded.
He writes: “Puritans founded some of the chief colonies in America, those of New England, and their influence was by no means negligible among the other colonies. Puritanism as it developed in America was holy commonwealth Calvinism, with strong connections not only with England and Scotland but also with the Dutch Reformed in the Netherlands” (168).
As the holy commonwealth waned, “individual colonists very easily fell more under the spell of the Lockean paradigm than other more absolutist forms of modern polity. Locke provided the backsliding sons of the Puritans with an alternative to the either/or of the reign of the saints or the benevolent despot” (168).