From fear and trembling to refuge (Psalm 2)

I have always had a particular attraction to Philippians 2:12, "Work out your salvation with fear and trembling," partly because it creates a crisis for evangelicals with a formulaic "decision for Christ" account of salvation. I do believe that justification by faith is a core part of our salvation, but I also think that δικάιοω (justify) means "make just" more than "declare just" in a way that the English language screws up with the word "justification." Though we need to have Christ's justif … [Read more...]

Theology of capitalism: entrepreneurs vs. money-changers

There are two different stories people tell about capitalism. Those who describe capitalism favorably say that it is the story of how the innovation and creativity of entrepreneurs are unleashed through a spontaneity of resources provided in a free market. Capitalism's critics tell the story of how money-changers are constantly hunting for ways to make money without sweating a drop by leveraging workers and markets against each other and finding loopholes to be exploited. Both of these stories … [Read more...]

The conflation of two fears

Several Mondays ago, when I went to the basilica in Washington, DC, and sat in the Chapel of the Blessed Sacrament, I read Psalm 19:9 which says, "The fear of the Lord is pure, enduring forever." You cannot understand this verse unless you understand that there are two kinds of fear that are the opposite of one another even though both kinds use the word yore in Hebrew and phobos in Greek.What we are used to understanding as "fear" when it relates to God is the kind of fear that 1 John 4:18 … [Read more...]

The fear of the Lord & the comfort of the Spirit (Acts 9:31)

In the Daily Office scripture reading for Monday, a verse that caught my eye was Acts 9:31 -- "Meanwhile the church throughout Judea, Galilee, and Samaria had peace and was built up. Living in the fear of the Lord and in the comfort of the Holy Spirit, it increased in numbers." Of course, being a pastor in a declining mainline denomination, any reference to an "increase in numbers" is going to get my attention. But there's also something beautiful and perfect about the balance between living in … [Read more...]


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