Did we crucify Jesus or did God? (Using @ScotMcKnight to bludgeon bad atonement theory)

Scot McKnight had a very interesting post last week concerning a recently popular"scapegoat" atonement theory about Jesus' cross based on the cultural theory of French philosopher Rene Girard. The scapegoat theory's basic idea is that God the Father doesn't demand Jesus' blood as the price for humanity's sin, but that we humans needed Jesus to be our scapegoat so that we could be liberated from our sin. McKnight contends that the Girardian view doesn't count as an atonement theory because in his … [Read more...]

Isaiah 7 & 53: should prophecies be prooftexts?

My great-grandfather Luther Weigle [pictured here] was the dean of Yale Divinity School and chair of the translation committee for the original RSV Bible. He incurred the fury of the fundamentalists when he chose to translate the Hebrew word almah in Isaiah 7:14 as "young woman" instead of "virgin." They actually burned RSV Bibles and sent the ashes to him in the mail. The reason? Isaiah 7:14 is referenced by Matthew's gospel as an explanation for Jesus' virgin birth. But Isaiah 7:14 also refers … [Read more...]

Yom Kippur: What does atonement mean?

Today is Yom Kippur, Judaism's day of atonement. It's a day for fasting, repentance, and healing. Atonement is a concept that Christianity inherited from Judaism. Jesus' cross is our Yom Kippur for our sins. The Hebrew word kippur means most literally "to cover." In English, atonement is a compound of three words: at-one-ment. So what is being made "at one" with atonement? And how does being "covered" by something make us "at one"? … [Read more...]

An email to Al Mohler regarding penal substitution

Al Mohler recently put up a post on penal substitution in response to the PCUSA brouhaha over the hymn "In Christ Alone," which they withheld from their hymnal because of the line "The wrath of God was satisfied." In the past you may recall, I shared a study on here of all the ways in which Christ's blood is described in the New Testament, finding only one possible, tenuous reference to the satisfaction of God's wrath. In any case, Mohler doesn't allow comments on his blog so I sent him an … [Read more...]

Why Tony Jones (and other emergents) should read Amos Yong’s Pentecostal theology

I posted recently about the debacle that Tony Jones got into partly because of his statement that "the nascent Pentecostalism practiced in much of the Global South would benefit from being in dialogue with the older, more developed theologies of the West." Well, I've been reading The Spirit Poured Out On All Flesh, a book by Pentecostal theologian Amos Yong, who could hardly be called "nascent." He's kind of like the Pentecostal Scot McKnight, well within the bounds of what evangelical … [Read more...]

What does the blood of Jesus actually do?

A basic principle of Christianity is that Jesus died on the cross for our sins. What exactly this statement means has increasingly come under debate in our time. For most of the modern period, Protestantism has almost exclusively understood Jesus' death on the cross as a punishment that pays a debt, or "penal substitution." Added to this has been the assumption that the primary problem resolved by the cross is God's anger about our sin. These are two separate issues. I believe that penal … [Read more...]

Ugliness Into Beauty #2: Truth to Power

For the second sermon in our LifeSign series "Ugliness Into Beauty: Six Blessings of the Cross," we talked about how Jesus' cross represents a battle between truth and power. Jesus not only pays the price for the guilty; He also vindicates the truth of those who have been treated unjustly. Jesus' story has not been passed down to us as the story of a renegade messianic troublemaker who was executed before things could get out of hand. Even though Jesus availed Himself of no earthly power, the … [Read more...]

Ugliness Into Beauty: Six Blessings of the Cross

The LifeSign alternative worship service at Burke United Methodist Church is doing a sermon series called "Ugliness Into Beauty: Six Blessings of the Cross." Here is a promotional video which I first tried to make of me drawing on a whiteboard and then had to improvise using Microsoft Paint.Ugliness Into Beauty: Six Blessings of the Cross from Morgan Guyton on Vimeo … [Read more...]

Talking atonement with the confirmands

Our youth pastor invited me today to talk about atonement with our confirmation class. As you know, I am very passionate about offering a better explanation than the Four Spiritual Laws of how Jesus' life, death, and resurrection reconcile us to God. I'm not very good at turning confirmation lessons into silly activities with cotton balls and papier mache. So what I offered them was pretty simple: a single sheet of paper with a brief description of Jesus' life, death, and resurrection at the top … [Read more...]

How can Jerry Sandusky get into heaven?

Jerry Sandusky was on the TV at the gym this morning, since his sentencing is today. He made a statement continuing to deny all the allegations against him. As I saw the words in his statement on the screen, it occurred to me that hell must be something like that: to spend eternity in denial of the mercy from God that makes facing the truth possible. What would have to happen between now and the time that Jerry Sandusky dies for him to get into heaven? Here's the problem: he was already a … [Read more...]


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