One of the most famous stories of the Old Testament includes the account of David killing the Philistine Goliath. This event serves as an important segue to Lesson 23 in the Sunday School curriculum for the Old Testament. This lesson covers the origins of the Davidic monarchy and king Saul’s fall from divine favor. From a literary perspective, David’s victory over Goliath served an important political purpose in terms of the book of Samuel.
The material from 1 Samuel 8 through 2 Samuel 8 forms a distinct literary unit with a goal to delegitimize Saul as king and to legitimize David as his political successor. In this effort, the text points towards David’s filial relationship with Saul as the king’s son-in-law. Yet, Samuel intentionally depicts Saul and David as antithetical figures. [Read more...]