Is it Wrong for a Wife to "Let Herself Go" After Marriage? – Christ, Freedom, and the Law of Beauty

Recently a well known Christian blogger, Rachel Held Evans, offered some thoughts on concepts of biblical womanhood and beauty, responding in part to comments from Mark Driscoll and to books by Martha Peace and Dorothy Patterson.  Evans alleges that there is a fairly common de facto teaching in Christian circles that “is as clear as it is ominous: Stay beautiful or your husband might leave you.  And if he does, it’s partially your fault” (the bold type is hers).  This message inspired Rachel “to devote the entire month of February to studying everything the Bible says about women and beauty.”  (Wow!)  At the end of her study, she concludes: “I’ve found nothing in the Bible to suggest that God requires women to be beautiful.”  Instead, the Bible affirms what women everywhere know and experience: That bodies change (1) as they get older, (2) when they bear children, (3) when they get sick, and (4) as they experience joy, pain, life, death (certainly that!), victory, heartache and time.

Evangelical megablogger Tim Challies, not without trepidation, responded.  He agrees with the contention that the Bible does not require physical beauty of women.  “The beauty the Bible commends is a beauty of character more than a beauty of appearance.”  That said, however, the outer beauty of a wife reflects inner beauty to a certain limited extent, insofar as it expresses her desire to care for the “Temple” God has given her (her body) and her desire to respect and please her husband by keeping herself appealing.  While what is considered “outer beauty” is culturally relative, and Challies makes clear that he is not speaking of a Hollywood-starlet conception of beauty, what is not culturally relative is that spouses (and Challies makes the same charge for men) ought (within reason) to do those things they know bring happiness and contentment to one another.

The conversation has continued.  Evans appreciates the “caution” with which Challies approached the issue, but is “disappointed to see him return to the familiar refrain that ‘outer beauty reflects inner beauty’ and that a good wife will keep up appearances for her husband.”  It would take too long to recap the rest, so let me get straight to my suggestions.  To some extent, this seems to be a classic case of two people arguing the opposite sides of the same coin — From “Yes X, but Y” to “Yes Y, but X,” where each is actually granting the other side but emphasizing their own side.  First, some points regarding Rachel Held Evans’ argument:

1.  Evans is coming at these questions from the standpoint of an observant woman who has seen far too often how devastating and oppressive societal standards of female beauty can be.  She is absolutely right that American culture (and, frankly, most cultures) establishes an impossible-to-achieve standard, legislates that standard across the board for all women of all kinds, and then ruthlessly mocks and demeans those who fail to meet the standard.  Let’s call this The Law of Beauty: you must be tall, large-breasted, slim-waisted, luminous-skinned, and utterly free of fat, wrinkles or gray hairs, or else you are not beautiful and therefore not attractive, not worthy, not valuable.  The Christian Church needs to make a special effort to distance itself, radically distance itself, from this conception of beauty and from burdening its daughters with it.

2.  No wife should be made to feel that unless she maintains a certain standard of beauty — especially when the only definition of ‘beauty’ countless women know is Vogue/Cosmo definition — then she will displease God and either lose her husband or cause his infidelity.  When men warn ominously that they might be inclined to stray if their wives don’t work a little harder to satisfy the Law of Beauty, they ought to be ashamed of themselves.  Is it true that men are, to some extent, influenced in their thoughts and behaviors by the extent to which their wives maintain a pleasant appearance?  Let’s be honest: of course it’s true.  But it is only a minor influence in a major sin, where men retain complete agency and complete responsibility for their actions.  The smell of cake might tempt me to eat more than I ought, but only a child would blame the smell or even blame the cook.  Precipitating factors are not causal determinants, and men need to take full responsibility when they stray.  “You let yourself go” is never a legitimate excuse, or even a partial excuse, for infidelity.

3.  I also agree with Evans that there is no biblical injunction for women to be beautiful or retain certain standards of beauty.  Actually, this has nothing to do with beauty and it has nothing to do with womanhood, either.  It has to do with the consideration that two loving spouses ought to show each other.  Anything that pertains to women here also pertains to men.  Thus, framing this as a matter of “biblical womanhood” is, in my view, misleading.  It’s not a matter of biblical womanhood so much as the love for which all humans are created.  To the extent that men have used the language of “biblical womanhood” to enforce culturally-relative standards of beauty, and to force women to be more pleasing to them, they have sinned.

I actually don’t think that Tim Challies (though I could be wrong) would disagree with any of the above.  Here are some points in regard to Challies’ argument.

1.  I believe that Tim Challies is coming to the conversation from the perspective of a man who has seen the following story time and again.  Be forewarned: this is not pretty, and not prescriptive.  I am not saying this is right; I am saying that it happens.  Evans writes, “I have never in my life met a woman who did not want to be beautiful for her husband.”  To which I say: yes and no.  As a general rule, wives would prefer to be beautiful for their husbands.  But wanting to do something, and taking the effort or being willing to take the effort to make sure it happens, are two different things.  In any case, I have seen this happen — right or not — many times, and often hear it discussed by Christian men:

It may take two years, or ten years, or twenty, and it may take two children or four or none, but eventually the wife (in this story) no longer cares to look good for her husband.  As soon as she comes home, she puts on the old pajama pants and shapeless sweat shirt.  She may dress up for outings with their friends, but if it’s only a date for the two of them then she wears jeans and a t-shirt and no makeup.  In fact, over time, she might leave her legs and armpits unshaven, at least for long periods of time, stop bothering to make her hair, and so forth.  (None of which is sinful in itself, of course, but stay with me.)

How does this make the husband feel?  Neglected.  Disrespected, if she does not make herself presentable in front of others.  But most of all, he feels taken for granted.  The wife knows that he cannot morally satisfy his God-given sexual desires anywhere else but in their marriage, knows that hers is the only beauty he can enjoy in the most intimate way.  But she (in this case) no longer seeks to satisfy him.  He always understood that her physical beauty would change and fade; what irks him is not that her beauty is fading but that she is still beautiful but is doing nothing to show that beauty, nothing to give that beauty to him as a gift.  He may even wonder if just a little less security, a little less assurance that he will not stray, would cause her to try to please him again.  Or he starts to think that he can justify his flirtations with others, or even his adultery, by pointing to how little effort she seems to be putting into the physical/sexual/romantic (they’re all one and the same for the fellas) part of their relationship.  Ultimately, the husband feels physically rejected, sexually frustrated, and taken for granted.  Again, I’m not saying this is right.  I’m saying it happens.

2.  However, the point Tim Challies makes, but could have emphasized more, is that this holds true for both of the sexes.  How many men keep themselves trim when they’re trying to woo a woman, and then let themselves grow a big belly once their wives are under contract?  How many men eventually show no concern whatsoever for their physical appearances, and very little concern for basic hygiene and presentation, because they figure they don’t have to anymore?  Their wives are stuck with them, right?

It’s very important to emphasize that the basic moral imperative here has nothing to do with gender.  If it’s emphasized only or primarily from men to women, then it starts implicitly to give pseudo-biblical and -ecclesial sanction to the Law of Beauty.  This should not be a matter of what wives do for husbands.  It’s a matter of what people who love each other do for one another.  It’s a matter of spouses understanding what brings joy and passion and fulfillment to one another, and giving that to one another as a gift.

There’s no biblical injunction to be beautiful — and baptizing The Law of Beauty is indeed sinful and oppressive.  It fills the hearts of women with shame and resentment and insecurity.  But there is a biblical injunction for spouses to give themselves to one another.

3.  Finally, while Evans objects to the inner-outer beauty meme, I think Challies’ point is merely that the inner beauty of a woman, her wisdom and generosity and love, will tend to express itself in caring to please her husband, in the same way that what is beautiful within the soul of a husband should express itself in caring to please his wife.

Challies points to 1 Corinthians 6, which refers to our bodies as temples, and Evans objects that this “says nothing about women maintaining a certain level of beauty.”  But that’s precisely the point.  Challies is not really talking about maintaining a certain level of beauty.  He’s talking about taking care of your body.  Tending to it for the glory of God.  But what Challies might have pointed to (and Evans seems to think he was pointing to) is 1 Corinthians 7, where couples are encouraged not to deny each other intimacy because each belongs to the other.  As Paul writes in 1 Cor 7:4, “The wife does not have authority over her own body but yields it to her husband.  In the same way, the husband does not have authority over his own body but yields it to his wife.”  Your body is a gift of God to your spouse, and if it pleases the spouse then perhaps you can, out of love, out of gratitude, out of a desire to fulfill your partner, offer that gift in a way that pleases him or pleases her.  This is what Challies means by “availability” (although I’m not a fan of the word here).

You might respond: 1 Corinthians 7 is about sex, not about dress or appearance.  Again: Yes and No.  It is about giving oneself fully to another, and it applies to sex as well as other parts of the relationship.  Rightly understood, taking care of your body may well be a part of “yielding” your body to your spouse out of love.

Men need to be careful that they do not manipulate the scripture in order to guilt their wives into different behaviors.  Men need to be very careful that they do not blame women and the natural aging process for their own declining libido and for the loss of a sex life that they had imagined for themselves.  Men cannot force their wives to want to please them sexually.  Ideally, each member of the relationship will be fully giving the self to the other in a way (within biblical bounds, of course) that pleases and fulfills the other.  If one member of the relationship feels that the other is not sufficiently giving, then that one member should give more, and by love bring love out of the other.  The beauty, the power, even the sacral significance of sex and marriage itself is found in this self-yielding, and apart from it sex and marriage lose their spiritually creative power.  The best that men can do, I believe, is model the sacrificial love that Christ showed for the church.

And here is where we circle back to Evans’ point, and the desperate need for a radical Christian critique of the modern western concept of beauty.  Christ, I have to believe, would want his bride to be free of a Law of Beauty that places a yoke of shame of disappointment upon his Bride’s shoulders.  If there is anywhere where a woman should feel free from the oppressive Law of Beauty, it’s in the sanctum of marriage.  If there’s anywhere where a woman should feel utterly secure and utterly loved regardless of her appearance, it’s in marriage.  Women need that haven from worldly pressures.

So men should be careful that, no matter what they are saying, women might be hearing them differently.  The word “beauty” has been twisted beyond recognition in our culture.  It may not be helpful here.  The men might only be saying that they would appreciate it if their wife still showed that they still cared to please their husbands’ senses.  Yet women might be hearing that they must fight the aging process, that they must lose weight, that they must look like her, or that they are no longer desirable.  Christ would not want that for his Bride.

Christ died for his Bride and gave her freedom.  If the Bride seeks to please him, it’s only because he gave himself for her fully even while she was rejecting him.  Christ loved forth the love of his bride.  In that way he is our savior, and in that way he is our example.

About Timothy Dalrymple

Timothy Dalrymple was raised in non-denominational evangelical congregations in California. The son and grandson of ministers, as a young boy he spent far too many hours each night staring at the ceiling and pondering the afterlife.
 
In all his work he seeks a better understanding of why people do, and do not, come to faith, and researches and teaches in religion and science, faith and reason, theology and philosophy, the origins of atheism, Christology, and the religious transformations of suffering

  • Daniel McCarthy

    I think this is a very interesting exchange, not for the content or topic, but how much of a non-sequitor each writers take descends too. It is very simple, the way both sexes treat the gift given by the Creator is a reflection of the respect they have for their Creator. In addition to this, the respect that they show for their bodies, minds and given gifts reflects on the respect they show to their betrothen which has become part of their flesh. Men and women should always look to do the most with the gifts that they are given. Any less is a a sign of rebellion against the Creator and a sign of disrespect to their spouses whom they have covenentally committed to sharing one flesh together.

  • agellius

    Good job showing where the two sides are missing each other. I’m sure you’re right that neither side would disagree with your conclusions.

  • Dan K

    I think you are right to emphasize the reverse side of the coin, husbands taking their wives for granted, but more often than not this takes shape in ways that have nothing to do with physical appearance. That is probably why the discussion about appearances in particular tends to go in one direction. I hate to so quickly revert to the stereotypes, but men often care more about appearance and women often care more about being listened to and such. We all have different “love languages”, as it were, and I think the main point is that we owe it to our spouses to make continued efforts at pleasing them in the areas where they feel fulfilled.

  • http://yahoo Laura Gorman

    Charm is deceitful and beauty is vain, but a woman who fears the Lord shall be praised. The Apostle Paul was right in his letter to the believers in Corinth. If you marry, your priorities are divided to some extent. My aim is to please my Lord Jesus and have the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit. But as a married woman, I do feel some responsibility to please my husband and that includes looking good on the outside. God made men to be attracted to a woman’s face and form. Who am I to say that God should not have done that and that it should hold no value? To me, it’s not “either or” but rather, inner beauty first (godliness, growing fruit of the spirit, etc.) and take care of my temple second.

  • http://redsoprano.blogspot.com RJ

    This is an interesting read for me. I am a divorced woman. I am NOT thin, but I have never “let myself go,” either. I have always dressed nicely and done my hair, etc. Although my husband thought I was the most beautiful woman in my family, it still was not enough for him. I think this “Law of Beauty” is wrong because there is always someone prettier than the next woman. Men who believe, teach, and espouse this type of belief need serious therapy. None of my friends or acquaintances changed the way they do their makeup and their hair after they got married. All the women that I can think of have remained with good hygiene and without significant change in their dressing habits. People need to realize that Barbie and Ken are not “role models.” It amazes me that in this time, this is such an issue. People need to outgrow their teenage angst about looking perfect.

  • http://thecolourofsojourn.wordpress.com/ Elizabeth K

    I think you are absolutely right about why this topic became so sensitive so quickly. If the discussion had been originally framed in terms of biblical principles for men and women, I don’t think anyone would have had a problem with the idea that inner beauty is reflected in outward care for our physical bodies. But speaking as a woman, your point about what men say and what women here is very true. Framing the issue of caring for our bodies as being part of “biblical womanhood” as opposed to Christian life in general makes it hard for us to disentangle it from warped cultural views of physical female beauty.

    One would think that a statement like “the Bible teaches that men and women should take care of their physical bodies” would lend itself to being broken into two phrases, one just for men and one just for women. But only saying “women should take care of their physical bodies” reads very, very differently, whether we like it or not.

    As an aside, I started reading your blog after the piece you wrote about why we have children. I wanted to say thank you for your very reasoned and passionate discussions. Those things don’t usually go hand-in-hand, but your posts bring real clarity to sensitive issues without losing sight of why they are sensitive in the first place. Thanks!

  • John S

    Point #3 is gold. In essence this is about love, not law. If I love my wife will I allow myself to be 300 lbs and stink? Will she love Sasquatch as much as the old me? Yes. But the better question is would I be loving her? I’d say no, I’m living for myself not thinking of how to please her. I’d like to meet the spouse who doesn’t PREFER a physically fit, clean and reasonably groomed spouse (or their child for that matter – same issue?) to a fat, stinky, unkempt one. Of course this whole thing needs to be nuanced for individual circumstances. But can I choose to ignore all my wife’s preferences if they aren’t in the Bible? Does love say ‘I don’t care’??

    To press further, what if both agree that they both don’t care and together ‘let themselves go’. Do they have obligation as Christians to others to keep a culturally acceptable appearance? I think they do, within their means, again as a matter of love, for Christ and others. Their appearance speaks. Does an appearance outside the bounds of cultural norms indicate that Christians are bizarre rather than those who want the values of the kingdom, ie love your enemies, to be what attracts attention to them? In other words I think you hurt your chances of people seeing your good works and glorifying God if you portray an appearance of filthy. ‘Bill really does do alot for others and talks of how wonderful Jesus is, but man does he stink and did you see those toenails? He must be in some kind of cult’.

    And if you press this question down it comes to what is your motive for doing any personal hygiene?, if it’s not in the Bible. If a wife doesn’t need to keep up a certain standard, why must she keep up ANY standard at all? Who could argue with her being Mrs. Yeti because there is nothing in the Bible about it, right? Picking up a comb even once is a red flag, it must mean she is looking for accolades based on appearance rather than character?

    • John S

      I might add that modesty is a related topic, with a similar question attached. I’ve heard women say that if they want to show some skin, whether for their husband or because it’s stylish or comfortable, that if other men have a problem with it due to lust that’s ‘their problem not mine’. Since the Bible doesn’t specifically prohibit showing cleavage or shorts above the knees what’s wrong with it? Again I’d say modesty is about love – for God and others.

  • andy

    My wife has become obese. Sometimes I have judgements about that. Mostly I appreciate her beauty as she is right now. I made my mind switch from censure to appreciation a while back.

    What remains is concern. I worry about her health, about whether she’ll remain a companion and playmate into our senior years. She became obese because of emotional issues and stress. My wish for her is that she take steps to resolve these issues. She hasn’t so far.

    I suggest that both men and women “let themselves go” for similar reasons. That there is an emotional undercurrent that robs us of our desire to be active and eat sensibly.

    Pooh on the idea of maintaining appearance to please others. Pooh on makeup and fancy hairstyles that require so much attention. But I do value the woman (or man) who is emotionally grounded.

    • Timothy Dalrymple

      Thanks for your honesty and openness, Andy. -Tim

    • Ji Kim

      I would recommend a 60 day bible study on emotional eating and overeating for your wife. I am currently 3/4 done with “The Lord’s Table” bible study and it has been truly wonderful. It is not only freeing me from a sin of gluttony but drawing me closer to Christ. She will have a mentor who has gone through the bible study and continual training.

      Here’s the website: http://www.settingcaptivesfree.com
      By the way, these bible studies have been “endorsed” by Pastor John Piper.

  • Jono G

    I don’t believe the bible condones wanting to look beautiful for your husband or wife, i think wanting to look outwardly beautiful for the pleasure of your husband or wife is a godly trait. Your body is not yours and her/his body is not theres. I don’t believe its so much of a gender issue but i think both males and females in marriage should be loving toward their partner in the way they look and present, for men this means taking a shower, maybe your wife would want you do go to the gym, put on some muscle, aside from what society sais, if your wife finds this attractive is that sinful?. Women, your partner might lovingly ask you to keep well groomed, that might mean for some less hair, i see no problem, with that. For both the man and women, both must be careful to not make idols of there bodies or presentations, to put Christs love above all, and let Christs love be the central factor in how we love our partners. And totally physical appearance is only a grain of sand in the wider argument and biblical council for loving your wife or husband, nevertheless it is important. Please feel free to write a response or rebuke if you believe i am being un-biblical, i believe that is a loving response to me and others in this forum.

  • Stacy

    I have been happily married for 26 yrs. We have parented two children throughout those years. I have always felt it important to take care of myself. My children tell me that I look better now than I did when I was in my 30’s. It may be wrong…or possibly right… but based on Proverbs 31 verse23 “Her husband is respected at the city gate, where he takes his seat among the elders of the land.” I take care of myself to honor my husband. I desire to grow old gracefully. I work out, watch my weight, I wear makeup every day and perfume when we go on a date. I wear my hair the way he likes it. This is something that I enjoy. I love it because he loves it.

  • ajh

    the Bible does address appearance…the Proverbs 31 woman who dresses her family AND herself in fine linen and purple, she makes her arms strong, the believer who is to have a countenance that reflects the joy of serving the King of Kings…washing your face and anointing your head if you are fasting…WHY? because people notice and it reflects on your heart and your maker in heaven and in this situation your appearance reflects on your provider (your husband) on earth whether you intend for it to or not. I am NOT an advocate of makeover mentality, but the times I have caught the show “what not to wear” it reveals ALOT about why women dress, or rather don’t dress, the way they do and the lack of understanding about nonverbal communication. To hear this from folks who are not believers, who are not giving surgical suggestions for changing appearance, who are simply showing the simplicity of maintaining order in your appearance, that there is beauty in that, how much MORE so should the motivation to simply take the extra seconds to do the small things, to rethink comfort, in order to be an ambassador to the Lord and represent the wonderful care that is provided for you by your husband?

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    • Timothy Dalrymple

      Good to know.
      -Tim


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