Bibliography on Religion and Morality

The purpose of this bibliography is to provide a comprehensive list of all academic articles published on the relationship between religion and morality. This bibliography is something I have been compiling for years; I still consider it a work in progress. 

If you spot any errors, omissions, or other edits required, please post a comment and I will update the bibliography accordingly.

Note: an asterisk (*) indicates an item which I consider particularly good. No inferences at all should be made about the absence of an asterisk before an item, since some of these items I have not yet even read.

Adams, Noel. “Reconsidering the Relation between God and Ethics.” International Philosophical Quarterly 49 (2009): 247-258.

Adams, Robert Merrihew. “Divine Command Metaethics Modified Again.” Journal of Religious Ethics 7 (1979): 71-79. Reprinted in Robert M. Adams, The Virtue of Faith. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987, 97-122.

*———. “Divine Commands and the Social Nature of Obligation.” Faith and Philosophy 4 (1988): 262-275. Reprinted in Christian Theism and Moral Philosophy, ed. Michael Beaty, Carlton Fisher, and Mark Nelson. Macon, Georgia: Mercer University Press, 1998, 47-62.

*———. Finite and Infinite Goods: A Framework for Ethics. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

———. “A Modified Divine Command Theory of Ethical Wrongness.” In Religion and Morality: A Collection of Essays, ed. Gene Outka and John P. Reeder, Jr. Doubleday & Company, 1973, 318-347.

———. “Moral Arguments for Theistic Belief.” In Rationality and Religious Belief, ed. C.F. Delaney. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1979, 116-140.

———. “Platonism and Naturalism: Options for a Theocentric Ethics.” In Ethics, Religion, and the Good Society: New Directions in a Pluralistic World, ed. Joseph Runzo. Louisville, Ky.: Wesminster/John Knox Press, 1992, 22-42.

———. “Prospects for a Metaethical Argument for Theism: A Response to Stephen J. Sullivan.” Journal of Religious Ethics 21.2 (1993): 313-318.

———. “Responses.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64 (2002): 475-490.

Akhtar, Shabbir. The Quran and the Secular Mind: A Philosophy of Islam. Taylor and Francis, 2008.

Alexander, Richard. The Biological Basis of Morality. New York: Aldine de Gruyter, 1987.

Almeida, Michael. “Supervenience and Property-Identical Divine Command Theory.” Religious Studies 40 (2004): 323-333.

Alston, William, ed. Religious Belief and Philosophical Thought (New York: Harcourt, Brace & World: 1963).

*———. “Some Suggestions for Divine Command Theorists.” In Christian Theism and the Problems of Philosophy, ed. Michael D. Beaty. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1990, 303-326.

———. “What Euthyphro Should Have Said.” In William Alston, Divine Nature and Human Language. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1989.

———. “What Is Naturalism, that We Should Be Mindful of It?” Academic Integration 1997, http://www.leaderu.com/aip/docs/alston naturalism.html (accessed June 24, 2004). Paper presented at the “Christian Scholarship: Knowledge, Reality, and Method” conference in Boulder, Colorado, October 7-9, 1997.

Anderson, Elizabeth. “If God is Dead, is Everything Permitted?” In Philosophers Without God, ed. Louise M. Antony. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007, 215-230.

———. Values in Ethics and Economics. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1993.

Anscombe, G.E.M. “Modern Moral Philosophy.” Philosophy 33 (1958): 1-19.

Antonaccio, Maria. “Godless Moralists and Faithful Philosophers: Theism, Atheism, and the Objectivity of Ethics.” Conversations in Religion and Theology 4.2 (2006): 205-228.

*Antony, Louise M., ed. Philosophers Without Gods: Meditations on Atheism and the Secular Life. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.

*Arnhart, Larry. Darwinian Natural Right: The Biological Ethics of Human Nature. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1988.

Attar, Mariam. Islamic Ethics: Divine Command Theory in Arabo-Islamic Thought. New York: Routledge, 2010.

Audi, Robert. “Divine Command Morality and the Autonomy of Ethics.” Faith and Philosophy 24 (2007): 121-143.

*Baggett, David and Jerry L. Walls. Good God: The Theistic Foundations of Morality. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Baier, Annette. “Secular Faith.” Reprinted in Baier, Postures of the Mind: Essays on Mind and Morals. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1985.

Baier, Kurt E.M. “The Meaning of Life.” In Peter Angeles (ed.). Critiques of God: Making the Case Against Belief in God. Buffalo: Prometheus Books, 1997, 293-331.

Baldwin, Thomas. “Death and Meaning – Some Questions for Derrida.” Ratio 13 (December 2000): 387-400.

Bambrough, R. Moral Skepticism and Moral Knowledge. Routledge: London, 1979.

Barnes, Gordon. “The Sins of Christian Orthodoxy.” Philo: A Journal of Philosophy 10 (2007): 93-113.
Bartley III, William Warren. Morality and Religion. London: Macmillan, 1971.

Basinger, David. “Neilsen and the Nature of Theistic Ethics.” Faithquest, http://www.faithquest.com/home.cfm?main=docs/philosophers/basinger/Ethics.cfm (accessed June 24, 2004). Also available in Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 24 (September 1981): 233-238.

Beaty, Michael, Carlton Fisher, and Mark Nelson, eds. Christian Theism and Moral Philosophy. Macon, Georgia: Mercer University Press, 1998.

Beck, David. “God’s Existence.” In In Defense of Miracles, ed. Gary Habermas and R. Douglas Geivett. Downers Grove: Intervarsity Press, 1997, 160-62.

Beckwith, Francis J.  “Moral Law, the Mormon Universe, and the Nature of the Right We Ought to Choose.” In The New Mormon Challenge, ed. Francis J. Beckwith, et al. Jonathan Ball Publishers, 2002.

Beckwith, Francis J. and Gregory Koukl. Moral Relativism: Feet Firmly Planted in Mid-Air. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker, 1998.

Beit-Hallahmi, Benjamin. “Morality and Immorality among the Irreligious” in Atheism and Secularity (ed. Phil Zuckerman, ABC-CLIO, 2009), 113-148.

*Berg, Jonathan. “How Could Ethics Depend on Religion?” In A Companion to Ethics, ed. Peter Singer. Oxford: Blackwell, 1991, 525-533.

*Bergmann, Michael, Michael Murray, and Michael Rea, ed. Divine Evil? New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Berggren, Niclas. “On the Nature of Morality.” The Secular Web (1998), http://www.infidels.org/library/modern/niclas_berggren/morality.html (accessed June 24, 2004).

Beversluis, John. C.S. Lewis and the Search for Rational Religion. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 1985.

Bloomfield, Paul. Moral Reality. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Bourke, Vernon J. “The Ethical Role of the Impartial Observer.” Journal of Religious Ethics 6 (1978): 279-92.

Boyd, Craig A. “Is Thomas Aquinas a Divine Command Theorist?” Modern Schoolman 55 (March 1998), 209-26.

*Boyd, Craig A. and Raymond J. VanArragon. “Ethics is Based on Natural Law.” Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Religion, ed. Michael L. Peterson and Raymond J. Vanarragon. Malden, Massachussetts: Blackwell, 2004, 299-309.

———. “Reply to Idziak.” Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Religion, ed. Michael L. Peterson and Raymond J. Vanarragon. Malden, Massachussetts: Blackwell, 2004, 313-314.

Boyd, Richard. “Observation Explanatory Power, and Simplicity.” In P. Achinstein and O. Hannaway (eds.), Observation, Experiment, and Hypothesis in Modern Physical Science (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1985, 47 – 94.

———. “Scientific Realism and Naturalistic Epistemology.” In Peter Asquith and Ronald Giere (eds.), PSA 1980, vol 2. (East Lansing, MI: Philosophy of Science Association, 1981), 613 – 662.

Bradie, Michael. “Rationality and the Objectivity of Values.” Monist 67 (1984): 467-82.

Bradley, Raymond D. “A Moral Argument for Atheism.” The New Zealand Rationalist & Humanist (Spring 2000): 2-12. Republished in The Secular Web (1999), http://www.infidels.org/library/modern/raymond_bradley/moral.html (accessed June 24, 2004); and Michael Martin and Ricki Monnier, eds., The Impossibility of God (Buffalo: Prometheus, 2004), 129-146.

Brandt, Richard. “The Definition of the Ideal Observer Theory in Ethics.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 15 (1955): 407-13.

———. A Theory of the Good and the Right. New York: Oxford University Press, 1979.

Brink, David O. “The Autonomy of Ethics.” In Michael Martin (ed.), A Companion to Atheism (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007), 149-165.

———. Moral Realism and the Foundations of Ethics. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Britton, Karl. Philosophy and the Meaning of Life (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1969).

Brody, Baruch. “Morality and Religion Reconsidered.” In Readings in the Philosophy of Religion, ed. B. Brody. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1976, 592-603.

Brown, John. “The Logic of Euthyphro 10A-11B.” Philosophical Quarterly 14 (1964): 1-14.

Buckman Robert. Can We Be Good Without God? Biology, Behavior, and the Need to Believe. Buffalo: Prometheus Books, 2002.

Budziszewski, J. What We Can’t Not Know. Dallas: Spence, 2003.

*Burch, Robert W. “Objective Values and the Divine Command Theory.” The New Scholasticism 54 (1980): 279-304.

Byrne, Peter. “Is Morality Undercut by Evolutionary Theory?” Philo: A Journal of Philosophy 12 (2009): 116-134.

———. The Moral Interpretation of Religion. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 1998.

———. The Philosophical and Theological Foundations of Ethics: An Introduction to Moral Theory and its Relation to Religious Belief. (2nd ed.). New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999.

Cahn, Steven M. and Peter Markie, eds. Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Carson, Thomas L. “Could Ideal Observers Disagree? A Reply to Taliaferro.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (1989): 118-19.

Casebeer, William D. Natural Ethical Facts: Evolution, Connectionism, and Moral Cognition.

Callicott, J. Baird. “On the Intrinsic Value of Nonhuman Species.” In The Preservation of Species: The Value of Biological Diversity, ed. Bryan G. Norton. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1996, 138-72.

Chaney, David R. and Steven Sanders, eds. The Meaning of Life: Questions, Answers, and Analysis (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1980).

*Chandler, John. “Divine Command Theories and the Appeal to Love.” American Philosophical Quarterly 22 (1985): 231-239.

———. “Is the Divine Command Theory Defensible?” Religious Studies 20 (1985): 443-52.

Clark, David W. “Voluntarism and Rationalism in the Ethics of Ockham.” Franciscan Studies 31 (1971): 72-87.

Clark, Stephen R.L. “God’s Law and Morality.” Philosophical Quarterly 32 (1982): 339-347.

Cohen, S. Marc. “Socrates on the Definition of Piety; Euthyphro 10A-11B.” Journal of the History of Philosophy 9 (1971): 1-13.

*Collier, John and Michael Stingl. “Evolutionary Naturalism and the Objectivity of Morality.” Biology and Philosophy 8 (1993): 43-50.

Conly, Sarah. “The Objectivity of Morals and the Subjectivity of Agents.” American Philosophical Quarterly 22 (1985): 275-86.

Couture, Jocelyne and Kai Nielsen. “Introduction: The Ages of Metaethics.” In On the Relevance of Metaethics: New Essays on Metaethics, ed. Jocelyne Couture and Kai Nielsen, University of Calgary Press: Calgary, 1995, 1-30.

Copan, Paul. “Atheistic Goodness Revisited: A Personal Reply to Michael Martin.” Philosophia Christi Series 2: 2 (2000) 91-104.

———. “Can Michael Martin Be a Moral Realist? Sic Et Non.” Philosophia Christi Series 2:1 (1999): 45-72.

———.   “God, Naturalism, and the Foundations of Morality.” In The Future of Atheism: Alister McGrath and Daniel Dennett in Dialogue, (ed. Robert Stewart, Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2008), 141-61. Republished at http://www.paulcopan.com/articles/pdf/God-naturalism-morality.pdf (accessed May 21, 2012).

———.  Is God a Moral Monster? Making Sense of the Old Testament God. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2011.

———. “Is God Necessary for Objective Morality?” Lawrence Christian Fellowship n.d., http://www.lawrence.edu/sorg/lcf/objectivemorality.pdf (accessed June 24, 2004).

———. “A Moral Argument.” In To Everyone an Answer: A Case for the Christian Worldview (ed. Francis J. Beckwith, William Lane Craig, and J.P. Moreland, Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2004), 108-123 at 114, table 7.1.

———. “The Moral Argument.” In The Rationality of Theism, ed. Paul Copan and Paul K. Moser, Routledge: New York, 2003.

———. “The Moral Argument for God’s Existence.” 4Truth.Net (n.d.), http://www.4truth.net/fourtruthpbgod.aspx?pageid=8589952712 (accessed November 5, 2011).

Copan, Paul and Mark Linville. The Moral Argument. Continuum, 2012.

Copp, David, and David Zimmerman, eds. Morality, Reason, and Truth: New Essays on the Foundations of Ethics. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Allanheld, 1984.

Craig, William Lane. “The Absurdity of Life Without God.” Areapagus 1 (2001): ??-??.

———. “The Indispensability of Theological Meta-ethical Foundations for Morality.” Leadership University (1996), http://www.leaderu.com/offices/billcraig/docs/meta eth.html (accessed June 24, 2004). Also available in Foundations 5 (1997): 9-12.

———. “A Reply to Objections.” In Does God Exist? The Craig-Flew Debate, ed. Stan W. Wallace. Burlington, Vermont: Ashgate, 2003, 155-187.

Craig, William Lane and Kai Nielsen. “The Craig-Nielsen Debate: God, Morality, and Evil.” Leadership University (1991), http://www.leaderu.com/offices/billcraig/debates/ (accessed June 24, 2004).

Craig, William Lane and Richard Taylor. “Is the Basis of Morality Natural or Supernatural?” Leadership University (1993), http://www.leaderu.com/offices/billcraig/docs/craig-taylor0.html (accessed June 24, 2004).

Crosby, John F. “The Twofold Source of the Dignity of Persons.” Faith and Philosophy 18 (2001): 292-306.

Crossley, John P., Jr. 1978. “Theological Ethics and the Naturalistic Fallacy.” Journal of Religious Ethics 6.1:121-34.

Davis, Scott. “Ethical Properties and Divine Commands.” Journal of Religious Ethics 11 (1983): 280-300.

Davis, Stephen T. Logic and the Nature of God. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1983.

Dawkins, Richard. “The Roots of Morality: Why Are We Good?” In Richard Dawkins, The God Delusion. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2006, 209-234.

de Graaff, Graeme. “God and Morality.” In Christian Ethics and Contemporary Philosophy, ed. Ian T. Ramsey. New York: Macmillan, 1966, 31-52.

de Waal, Frans. Primates and Philosophers: How Morality Evolved. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006.

Dennett, Daniel C. Darwin’s Dangerous Idea: Evolution and the Meanings of Life. New York: Touchstone, 1995.

Devine, Philip E. Relativism, Nihilism, and God. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1989.

Diener, Paul W. Religion and Morality: An Introduction. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 1997.

Dore, Clement. “Ethical Supernaturalism and the Problem of Evil.” Religious Studies 1973.

Drange, Theodore M. “Why Be Moral?” The Secular Web (1998), http://www.infidels.org/library/modern/theodore_drange/whymoral.html (accessed June 24, 2004).

Draper, Paul. “Craig’s Case for God’s Existence.” In Does God Exist? The Craig-Flew Debate, ed. Stan W. Wallace. Burlington, Vermont: Ashgate, 2003, 141-54.

D’Souza, Dinesh. What’s So Great About Christianity? Washington: Regnery, 2007.

Eberle, Christopher J. “Basic Human Worth: Religious and Secular Perspectives.” In Yujin Nagasawa and Erik J. Wielenberg, New Waves in Philosophy of Religion (Palgrave Macmillan, 2008).

Edgell, Penny, Joseph Gerteis, and Douglas Hartmann. “Atheists As ‘Other’: Moral Boundaries and Cultural Membership in American Society.” American Sociological Review 71 (2006): 211-234.

Edis, Taner. “Morality and Politics.” In Taner Edis, Science and Nonbelief, Buffalo: Prometheus Books, 2008, 185-214.

Efird, David. “Divine Command Theory and the Semantics of Quantified Modal Logic.” In Yujin Nagasawa and Erik J. Wielenberg, New Waves in Philosophy of Religion (Palgrave Macmillan, 2008).

Ellin, Joseph. Morality and the Meaning of Life: An Introduction to Ethical Theory. Fort Worth: HBJ College & School Div, 1997.

Evans, C. Stephen. “Could Divine Rewards Provide a Reason to be Moral?” In The Reality of Christian Learning, ed. Harold Heice and David L. Wolfe (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1987), 292-302.

———. “Moral Arguments.” In A Companion to Philosophy of Religion, ed. Philip L. Quinn and Charles Taliaferro. Cambridge: Blackwell, 1997, 345-351.

Everitt, Nicholas. “God and Morality.” In The Non-Existence of God. New York: Routledge, 2004, 128-149.

Ewing, A.C. “The Autonomy of Ethics.” In Prospect for Metaphysics, ed. Ian T. Ramsey. London: George Allen & Unwin, 1961, 40-41.

———. “Ethics and Belief in God.” Hibbert Journal 39 (1940-1941): 376.

Fales, Evan. “Despair, Optimism, and Rebellion.” The Secular Web (2005), http://www.infidels.org/library/modern/evan_fales/despair.html. Also published in Robert B. Stewart, ed., The Future of Atheism: Alister McGrath and Daniel Dennett in Dialogue (Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2008): 97-112.

———. “A Law Requires a Lawgiver,” under submission.

———. “Naturalistic Ethical Realism.” In Keith Loftin, ed., God and Morality: Four Views (Intervarsity Press), forthcoming.

———. “Satanic Verses: Moral Chaos in Holy Writ,” “Reply to Alvin Plantinga,” and “Comment on Christopher Seitz.” In Michael Bergmann, Michael Murray, and Michael Rea, eds., Divine Evil? The Moral Character of the God of Abraham, Oxford: Oxford University Press, forthcoming.
Feynman, Richard. “Where the Two Worlds Tangle: There Is a Conflict in Metaphysics—but Not in Ethics.” In Science and Religion: Are They Compatible?, ed. Paul Kurtz. Buffalo: Prometheus, 2003, 213-16.

Firth, Roderick. “Ethical Absolutism and the Ideal Observer.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 12 (1952): 317-345.

———. “Reply to Professor Brandt.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 15 (1955): 414-21.

Fisher, Carlton. “Because God Says So.” In Christian Theism and the Problems of Philosophy, ed. Michael Beaty, Carlton Fisher, and Mark Nelson. Macon, Georgia: Mercer University Press, 1998, 355-377.

Flew, Antony. “The ‘Religious Morality’ of Mr. Patterson Brown.” Mind 74 (1965): 578-81.

Foot, Philippa. “Moral Arguments.” Mind 67 (1958): 502-513. Reprinted in Philippa Foot, Virtues and Vices, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1978.

Frame, John. Apologetics to the Glory of God: An Introduction. Phillipsburg: Presbyterian and Reformed, 1994, 93-102.

Frankena, William. “Love and Principles in Christian Ethics.” In Faith and Philosophy, ed. Alvin Plantinga. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1964.

Friedman, R.Z. “Does the ‘Death of God’ Really Matter?—A Critique of Kai Nielsen’s Humanistic Ethics.” International Philosophical Quarterly, 23 (1983): 321-332.

Gamwell, Franklin I. “Religion and the Justification of Moral Claims.” Journal of Religious Ethics 11 (1983): 35-61.

Gaus, Gerald. Value and Justification: The Foundations of Liberal Theory. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Ganssle, Gregory E. “Necessary Moral Truths and the Need for Explanation.” Philosophia Christi Series 2, 2 (2000): 105-112.

Garcia, Robert K. and Nathan L. King. Is Goodness without God Good Enough? A Debate on Faith, Secularism, and Ethics. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2009.

Garner, Richard. “Gods and Religious Morality.” In Richard Garner, Beyond Morality. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1994, 191-219.

Garrett III, L. Manning. “Review: Can We Be Good Without God? by Paul Chamberlain.” Books and the University 2 (2000), http://www.samford.edu/schools/artsci/religion/BATU.htm (accessed June 24, 2004).

Gascoigne, Robert. “God and Objective Moral Values.” Religious Studies 21 (1985): 531-549.

Gaskin, J.C.A. “The Limitations of Atheism.” In J.C.A. Gaskin, The Quest for Eternity: An Outline of the Philosophy of Religion. New York: Penguin, 1984, 148-170.

Geach, Peter T. “The Moral Law and the Law of God.” In Peter T. Geach, God and Soul. Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1969.

Geisler, Norman L. “Does God Exist?” Ankerberg Theological Research Institute n.d., under “Argument from moral law,” http://www.ankerberg.com/Articles/_PDFArchives/theological dictionary/TD2W0899.pdf (accessed June 24, 2004).

———. “Review: Paul Kurtz, The Ethics of Humanism.” The Christian Research Journal (Fall 1988): 28.

Geivett, R. Douglas. “A Neglected Aspect of the Problem of Evil.” Paper presented at the Evangelical Philosophical Society meeting (Orlando, Fla.), 19 November 1998.

*Glover, Jonathan. Humanity: A Moral History of the Twentieth Century. New Haven: Yale Nota Bene, 1999.

Goetz, Stewart and Charles Taliaferro. “Naturalism, Consciousness, and Values.” In Stewart Goetz and Charles Taliaferro, Naturalism (Interventions). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2008.

Goldstick, D. “Monotheism’s Euthyphro Problem.” Canadian Journal of Philosophy 3 (1974): 585-89.

Gordon, Jeffrey. “Is the Existence of God Relevant to the Meaning of Life?” The Modern Schoolman 60 (May 1983): 227-46.

Gould, Stephen Jay. “Nonoverlapping Magisteria.” In Science and Religion: Are They Compatible?, ed. Paul Kurtz. Buffalo: Prometheus, 2003, 191-205.

Gamwell, Franklin I. “Religion and the Justification of Moral Claims.” Journal of Religious Ethics 11 (1983): 35-61.

Green, Ronald Michael. Religious Reason: The Rational and Moral Basis of Religious Belief. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.

Griffin, David Ray. “The Holy, Necessary Goodness, and Morality.” The Journal of Religious Ethics 8 (1980): 330-49.

Groothius, D. “Thomas Nagel’s ‘Last Word’ on the Metaphysics of Rationality and Morality.” Philosophia Christi Series 2, 1 (1999): 115-122.

*Grünbaum, Adolf. “The Poverty of Theistic Morality.” In Science, Mind and Art: Essays on Science and the Humanistic Understanding in Art, Epistemology, Religion and Ethics, in Honor of Robert S. Cohen. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, vol. 165. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1995, 203-242, http://www.infidels.org/library/modern/adolf_grunbaum/poverty.html (accessed June 24, 2004).

Gula, Richard M. Reason Informed by Faith: Foundations of Catholic Morality (Paulist Press, 1989).

*Guminski, Arnold T. “The Moral Argument for God’s Existence, The Natural Moral Law, and Conservative Metaphysical Naturalism.” University of Colorado Theology Forum (2004), http://www.colorado.edu/philosophy/TheoForum/gum.pdf (accessed June 24, 2004).

Hackett, Stuart C. “The Value Dimension of the Cosmos: A Moral Argument.” In Philosophy of Religion: A Reader and Guide, ed. William Lane Craig. Rutgers University Press, 2002.

Hales, Steven D. “A Proof of the Existence of Fairies.” Think 16 (2008):45-48.

Hall, Everett. What is Value? New York: Humanities Press, 1952.

Hammond, John L. “Divine Command Theories and Human Analogies.” Journal of Religious Ethics 14 (1986): 216-23.

Hanink, James G. and Gary R. Mar. “What Euthyphro Couldn’t Have Said.” Faith and Philosophy 4 (1987): 241-61.

Hare, John. God’s Call: Moral Realism, God’s Commands, & Human Autonomy. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans, 2001.

———. “Kant on Recognizing Our Duties as God’s Commands.” Faith and Philosophy 17 (2000): 459-478.

———. The Moral Gap. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

———. Why Bother Being Good? The Place of God in the Moral Life. Downers Grove: Intervarsity Press, 2000.

Hare, R.M. Essays on Religion and Education. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

———. The Language of Morals. Oxford, 1952.

———. “Ontology in Ethics.” In Morality and Objectivity: A Tribute to J.L. Mackie, ed. Ted Honderich. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1985, 39-53.

———. “Some Confusions about Subjectivity.” In Freedom and Morality, ed. J. Bricke. University of Kansas, 1976.

Harris, Michael J. Divine Command Ethics: Jewish and Christian Perspectives. New York: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003.

Harman, Gilbert. “Moral Explanations of Natural Facts: Can Moral Claims Be Tested against Moral Reality?” Southern Journal of Philosophy 24, supplement (1986): 57-68.

Harrison, Jonathan. “Comments on Professor Firth’s Ideal Observer Theory.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 17 (1956): 257-58.

Hazlitt, Henry. The Foundations of Morality. Princeton, NJ: Van Nostrand, 1964.

Helm, Paul, ed. Divine Commands and Morality. New York: Oxford University Press, 1981.

Hick, John. “Arguments for the Existence of God.” In his Philosophy of Religion, 4th ed. Prentice Hall, 1989, 15-29.

Hildebrand, Dietrich von. Christian Ethics. New York: David McKay Company, 1953.

Holloway, Richard. Godless Morality: Keeping Religion Out of Ethics. Edinburgh: Canongate, 1999.

Hourani, George F. Reason and Tradition in Islamic Ethics. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Hurka, Thomas. “Why God is Irrelevant to Morality.” In Thomas Hurka, Principles: Short Essays on Ethics. Harcourt Brace Canada, 1994, 67-70.

Idziak, Janine Marie. “Divine Commands Are the Foundation of Morality.” Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Religion, ed. Michael L. Peterson and Raymond J. Vanarragon. Malden, Massachussetts: Blackwell, 2004, 290-298.

———. “Divine Command Ethics.” In A Companion to Philosophy of Religion, ed. Philip L. Quinn and Charles Taliaferro. Cambridge: Blackwell, 1997, 453-459.

———. Divine Command Morality: Historical and Contemporary Readings. New York and Toronto: Edwin Mellen, 1980.

*———. “In Search of ‘Good Positive Reasons’ for an Ethics of Divine Commands: A Catalogue of Arguments.” Faith and Philosophy 6 (1989): 47-64. Reprinted in Readings In Christian Ethics, Volume 1: Theory and Method, ed. David K. Clark and Robert V. Rakestraw. Grand Rapids, Baker Book House, 1994, 50-61.

———. “Reply to Boyd and VanArragon.” Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Religion, ed. Michael L. Peterson and Raymond J. Vanarragon. Malden, Massachussetts: Blackwell, 2004, 310-312.

Jacobs, Jonathan. “Theism, Blame and Perfection.” The Heythrop Journal 41.2 (2000): 141-153.

Jackson, Timothy P. 1999. “Naturalism, Formalism, and Supernaturalism: Moral Epistemology and Comparative Ethics.” Journal of Religious Ethics 27 (1999): 477-506.

Johnson, Alan. “Is There a Biblical Warrant for Natural-Law Theories?” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 25 (June 1982): 185-99.

Johnson, Phillip E. “Nihilism and the End of Law” First Things 31 (1993): 19-25.

Jordan, Matthew Carey. “Divine Attitudes and the Nature of Morality: A Defense of a Theistic Account of Deontic Properties.” Ph.D. dissertation, Ohio State University, 2009.

———. “Metaphysical Naturalism and Some Moral Realisms.” Philo: A Journal of Philosophy 14 (2011): 5-24.

———. “Some Metaethical Desiderata and the Conceptual Resources of Theism.” Sophia 50 (2011): 39-55.

———. “Theistic Ethics: Not as Bad as You Think.” Philo: A Journal of Philosophy 12 (2009): 31-45.

Joske, W.D. “Philosophy and the Meaning of Life.” Australasian Journal of Philosophy 52 (August 1974): 93-104.

Joyce, G.H. “Moral Arguments for the Existence of God.” In A Modern Introduction to Philosophy, ed. Paul Edwards and Arthur Pap, revised edition. New York: Free Press, 1972, ???-??.

Joyce, Richard. “Darwinian Ethics and Error.” Biology and Philosophy 15 (2000): 713-732.

*———. The Evolution of Morality. Boston: The MIT Press, 2001.

———. “Review of Paul Bloomfield’s Moral Reality,” Mind 112 (2003).

———. The Myth of Morality. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

*———. “Theistic Ethics and the Euthyphro Dilemma” Journal of Religious Ethics 30 (2002): 49-75.

Kavka, Martin and Randi Rashkover. “A Jewish Modified Divine Command TheoryJournal of Religious Ethics 32 (2004): 387-414.

Kaye, Sharon M. and Harry J. Gensler. “Is God the Source of Morality?” God Matters: Readings in the Philosophy of Religion. Longman, 2003, 481-487.

Kiernan-Lewis, Del. “Naturalism and the Problem of Evil.” Philo: A Journal of Philosophy 10 (2007): 125-135.

King, J. Charles. “Life and the Theory of Value: The Randian Argument Reconsidered.” In The Philosophic Thought of Ayn Rand, ed. Douglas J. Den Uyl and Douglas B. Rasmussen. Urbans, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1984, ???-??.

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*Sagi, Avi and Daniel Statman. Religion and Morality. Trans. Batya Stein. Atlanta: Rodopi, 1995.

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Schick, Theodore. “Is Morality a Matter of Taste? Why Professional Ethicists Think That Morality Is Not Purely ‘Subjective.’Free Inquiry 18 (Fall 1998): 32-33.

———. “Morality Requires God … or Does It?Free Inquiry 17 (Spring 1997): 32-34.

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Searle, John R. The Construction of Social Reality. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995, pp. 7-13.

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Shafer-Landau, Russ. Whatever Happened to Good and Evil? New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

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*Sinnott-Armstrong, Walter. Morality Without God? New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Smith, Michael. “Objectivity and Moral Realism: On the Significance of the Phenomenology of Moral Experience.” In John Haldane and Crispin Wright, Reality, Representation and Projection. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993, 235-255.

*Smith, Quentin. “Adams’s Divine Command Ethics.” In Quentin Smith, Ethical and Religious Thought in Analytic Philosophy of Language. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998, 160-63.

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Smith, Tara. Viable Values: A Study of Life as the Root and Reward of Morality. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield, 2001.

Sorley, William R. Moral Values and the Idea of God, 3rd ed. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1935.

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*Stairs, Alan. “C.S. Lewis: The Moral Argument for God’s Existence.” 1998. http://brindedcow.umd.edu/236/lewis.html.

Stenmark, Mikael. Scientism: Science, Ethics, and Religion. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001.

Stelzer, Steffen A.J. “Ethics.” In Tim Winter, The Cambridge Companion to Classical Islamic Theology, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008, 161-179.

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Sullivan, Stephen J. “Arbitrariness, Divine Commands, and Morality.” Philosophy of Religion 33 (1993): 33-45.

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———. “Robert Adams’s Theistic Argument from the Nature of Morality.” Journal of Religious Ethics 21.2 (Fall 1993): 303-312.

*———. “Why Adams Needs to Modify His Divine-Command Theory One More Time.” Faith and Philosophy 11 (1994): 72-81.

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About Jeffery Jay Lowder

Jeffery Jay Lowder is President Emeritus of Internet Infidels, Inc., which he co-founded in 1995. He is also co-editor of the book, The Empty Tomb: Jesus Beyond the Grave.

  • http://www.blogger.com/profile/12642092698398859527 Joshua Blanchard

    Plantinga recently wrote an article, "Naturalism, Theism, Obligation, and Supervenience."

  • http://www.blogger.com/profile/06135249197308910380 Christian

    Thank you for including my work on this very helpful resource. Here are a few updates:

    The two unpublished manuscripts can be deleted.

    I am not the author of the reply to Almeida.

    The new waves volume appeared in 2009.

    Please feel free to add:

    "Divine Will Theory: Desires or Intentions?" Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009, 185-207.

    "Atheism and the Benefits of Theistic Belief," Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion. Oxford: Oxford University Press (forthcoming).

    Phillip Quinn. Essays in the Philosophy of Religion. Ed. Christian Miller. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. 328 pages.

    Thanks! Christian Miller

  • http://www.blogger.com/profile/15708344766825805406 DR

    Thanks for including my work, too.

    My paper on "The Incoherence of the Moral 'Ought'" was actually in Philosophy rather than Mind. A better source than either the book or the article listed here is my Anscombe's Moral Philosophy (Lexington Books, Lanham, Maryland, 2011), which incorporates the relevant parts of both and expands on them.

    Duncan Richter

  • http://www.blogger.com/profile/06852950208254045145 jacobkolman

    Thank you for this excellent resource, though it inherits a general bias in Western Philosophical literature towards Christianity (or towards secular positions that solely respond to Christianity). Note that Jews tend to view the term "Judeo-Christian" as an insincere means of assimilating the former faith to the latter (in the process steam-rolling over differences that both faiths should value with pride). The term also obviously marginalizes increasingly relevant Muslim perspectives.

    JSTOR provides convenient ways to stay at least a little on top of Jewish and Muslim morality. Searching for either "morality" or "Euthyphro" in the "Jewish Studies" journal grouping (13 titles) instead of just the Religion and Philosophy groupings will help remedy this blind spot. See also the Middle East Studies grouping for Islamic perspectives.

    While it is understandable to limit your bibliography to a manageable scope, it is not understandable to remain so Christian-centered in a pluralistic society.

  • http://www.blogger.com/profile/02665059726689095795 Unknown

    Kierkegaard and the Limits of Reason: Can There Be a Responsible Fideism?
    Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia, T. 64, Fasc. 2/4, Horizontes Existenciários da Filosofia / Søren Kierkegaard and Philosophy Today (Apr. – Dec., 2008), pp. 1021-1035.

    Abraham and Dilemma: Kierkegaard's Teleological Suspension Revisited
    Edward F. Mooney
    International Journal for Philosophy of Religion, Vol. 19, No. 1/2 (1986), pp. 23-41

    Kierkegaard's "Fear and Trembling" in Logical Perspective
    Edmund N. Santurri
    The Journal of Religious Ethics, Vol. 5, No. 2 (Fall, 1977), pp. 225-247

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