Unapologetic Review – Part 5: The Meaning of “Faith”

The Beating Heart of UnapologeticThe heart of the book Unapologetic is Chapter 5:  "Why Philosophy of Religion Must End", and the heart of Chapter 5 is the Ten Reasons that Loftus gives for this conclusion (in the subsection of Chapter 5  titled "Why Philosophy of Relgion Must End," on pages 131-135), and the heart of the Ten Reasons is in Reason #9 (on page 135).  And at the heart of the argument given as Reason #9 is this premise:...faith-based reasoning must end.  (Unapologetic, p.1 … [Read more...]

Cases for God

I'm thinking about which cases for the existence of God to focus in on, for my evaluation of Christianity.  Right now, I'm thinking about examining the cases of four well-known Christian apologists:Norman Geisler William Craig Peter Kreeft Richard SwinburneI just realized that two of these philosophers are Thomists, and two are not Thomists.Geisler is a conservative Evangelical Christian, but his favorite argument for God is a Thomist cosmological argument, and his concept of … [Read more...]

Skepticism and Conjunctions

Belief in God and belief in the Christian faith are both vulnerable to skepticism in view of the fact that both beliefs consist in conjuctions.Some of the key divine attributes are:eternally bodiless eternally omnipotent eternally omniscient eternally perfectly morally good the creator of the universeIn order for God to exist, there must be one and only one person who has all five of these divine attributes.If there is an omnipotent person who is evil or morally flawed, … [Read more...]

What Does “Supernatural” Mean? Part 2

====================== Keith Augustine Perhaps in lieu of starting from scratch on this issue, readers might want to consider what others have already said on this issue.  ...======================I plan to take Keith Augustine's advice, just not this week.  Maybe next week, or maybe next month.  See his comments on the first post in this series, where he provides various links to web articles on this subject (I have added copies of Augustine's comments at the end of this current … [Read more...]

What is Atheism? – Part 2

Levels of Analysis I'm going to make a second attempt to clarify and define the word "atheism".  This time, I will emphasize that the analysis and definitions exist at different levels.  Swinburne's clarification and analysis of "God exists" makes use of different levels of definition or analysis:Level 0:  "God exists."Level 1:  God exists IF AND ONLY IF exactly one divine person exists.Level 2:  X is a divine person IF AND ONLY IF X is a spirit who is eternally omnipotent, etern … [Read more...]

What is Atheism?

I know this is a well-worn topic, but I think it is worth hashing over this old question one more time.First, some obvious points that many ignorant, bible-thumping, knuckle-dragging bigots are unable to grasp:1. ATHEISM is not the same as MATERIALISM (not all atheists are materialists).2. ATHEISM is not the same as MARXISM (not all atheists are Marxists).3. ATHEISM is not the same as HUMANISM (not all atheists are Humanists).4. ATHEISM is not the same as AGNOSTICISM (not all … [Read more...]

Jesus: True Prophet or False Prophet? – Response to Eugene

Before I go on to  Part 4 of this series, I'm going to take time to respond to a defense of Jesus put forward by Eugene (see comments by Eugene on my Part 3 post).I am arguing that it is very unlikely that God would raise Jesus from the dead, because Jesus was a false prophet.  Some key reasons supporting my claim that Jesus was a false prophet are that Jesus promoted worship of Jehovah, obedience to Jehovah, and prayer to Jehovah, and that Jehovah is a false god.  Jehovah is a false god be … [Read more...]

The Christian Doctrine of the Resurrection of Jesus

Let's represent the Christian doctrine of the resurrection of Jesus as follows:(C) The Christian doctrine of the resurrection of Jesus is true.Sometimes the Christian doctrine of the resurrection of Jesus is summed up this way:(R) God raised Jesus from the dead.The Christian doctrine of the resurrection asserts that the resurrection of Jesus was a miracle, and that God caused it to happen:12 Now if Christ is proclaimed as raised from the dead, how can some of you say there is … [Read more...]