LINK: The Problem of Animal Pain and Suffering

Abstract: Here I discuss some theistic responses to the problem of animal pain and suffering with special attention to Michael Murray’s presentation in Nature Red in Tooth and Claw. The neo-Cartesian defenses he describes are reviewed, along with the appeal to nomic regularity and Murray’s emphasis on the progression of the universe from chaos to order. It is argued that despite these efforts to prove otherwise the problem of animal suffering remains a serious threat to the belief that an all … [Read more...]

LINK: The Problem of Natural Inequality: A New Problem of Evil

Abstract: In this paper, I argue that there is a kind of evil, namely, the unequal distribution of natural endowments, or natural inequality, which presents theists with a new evidential problem of evil. The problem of natural inequality is a new evidential problem of evil not only because, to the best of my knowledge, it has not yet been discussed in the literature, but also because available theodicies, such the free will defense and the soul-making defense, are not adequate responses in the … [Read more...]

LINK: Environmental Ethics and the Expanding Problem of Evil

Abstract:  The problem of evil is that morally gratuitous suffering and destruction is evidence against a benevolent and potent god. Often cases of this evil are restricted to human suffering, but if the moral universe is expanded in the fashion associated with environmental ethics, the scope of morally significant suffering and destruction grows. Consequently, the wider the scope of the moral universe, the problem of evil becomes harder for theists to solve. LINK (note: paper is behind a p … [Read more...]

Quote of the Day (on Child Rape vs. Free Will)

Victor Reppert: Well, I personally would rather live in a world in which children are raped than in a world without free will.But I suspect you will find my preference repugnant. LINK (you may have to skip down to the comments box to find this) … [Read more...]

25 Lines of Evidence Against Theism

Refutation of Anna Marie Perez Previous | Index | Next   First Paragraph Here is Perez's first paragraph: Atheism is a religion.  Atheists act like Dracula confronting a cross when faced with the fact that their beliefs rely solely on faith.  They hate the word faith, even though it’s all they’ve got.  They try to make the claim that their religion is based on science, although actual science doesn’t support their claims any more than science can prove the existence of God.  When they a … [Read more...]

Does God Exist? Part 3

I'm still working on development of an analysis of the question "Does God exist?" that would help to organize systematic investigations of the question.In the Part 1 post in this series I suggested an analysis in terms of logical possibility, logical necessity, certainty, and probability (click on image below for a clearer view of the diagram):        In that same post I suggested another possible way to analyze … [Read more...]

William Lane Craig Endorses My Argument from Scale against Theism!

He doesn't mention by name, of course, and may not have even had my argument in mind, but the sort of Bayesian considerations he raises support my Bayesian argument from scale, in two ways. First, he agrees with me about the "direction" the evidence points (against theism). Second, he agrees with me about the "magnitude" of that evidential support (very weak). (The words "direction" and "magnitude" are not Craig's words, but were inspired by David Schum, who pointed out long ago that evidence … [Read more...]

We Don’t Have Father-ist Apologetics; Why Do We Need Theistic Apologetics?

Anyone who has (or had) a loving father in their lives did not spend their time studying abstract, philosophical arguments for the existence of their father. In fact, the whole idea of "father-ist apologetics" as a thing seems weird as soon as you think about it.Compare theistic apologetics. I suspect that many people -- or at least many theists -- don't think there is anything odd about the idea of theistic apologetics. But I think the idea of theistic apologetics is odd for the same reason … [Read more...]